EPPO Global Database

Ficus benjamina(FIUBE)


Organism Type
Thrips palmi (THRIPL) Doubtful host
* Loomans AJM, Heijboer A, Vierbergen G (1998) Host plant performances of Thrips palmi Karny (Thysanoptera: Thripidae), with particular reference to Ficus (Moraceae). Proceedings of the 6th International Symposium on Thysanoptera (Antalya, TR, 1998-04-27/05-01), 99-105.
------- Considered to be a host plant.

* O'Donnell CA, Parrella MP (2005) Host suitability of selected Ficus species for Thrips palmi (Thysanoptera: Thripidae). Florida Entomologist 88(1), 97-98.
-------- F. benjamina considered to be an unsuitable host (no breeding populations).
Ceratocystis ficicola (CERAFC) Experimental
* Tsopelas P,  Soulioti N, Wingfield MJ, Barnes I, Marincowitz S, Tjamos EC, Paplomatas EJ (2021) Ceratocystis ficicola causing a serious disease of Ficus carica in Greece. Phytopathologia Mediterranea 60(2), 337-349. https://doi.org/10.36253/phyto-12794
------- Inoculation   experiments,   showed  that  F.  benjamina  can  become  infected, but it was found less susceptible than  F.  carica.
Anoplophora chinensis (as Ficus) (ANOLCN) Host
* Sjöman H, Östberg J & Nilsson J (2014) Review of host trees for the wood-boring pests Anoplophora glabripennis and Anoplophora chinensis: an urban forest perspective. Arboriculture & Urban Forestry 40(3), 143–164.
Aonidiella citrina (as Ficus) (AONDCI) Host
Apriona cinerea (as Ficus) (APRICI) Host
* Singh AP, Bhandari RS, Verma TD (2004) Important insect pests of poplars in agroforestry and strategies for their management in northwestern India. Agroforestry Systems 63, 15–26.

* Singh P, Prasad G (1985) Poplar stem borer, Apriona cinerea Chevrolat (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) its biology, ecology and control. Indian
Forester 111(7), 517-524.
Bactrocera dorsalis (DACUDO) Host
* Allwood AJ, Chinajariyawong A, Kritsaneepaiboon S, Drew RAI, Hamacek EL, Hancock DL, Hengsawad C, Jinapin JC, Jirasurat M, Krong CK, Leong CTS, Vijaysegaran S (1999) Host plant records for fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Southeast Asia. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 47(7), 1-92.
Ceroplastes ceriferus (as Ficus) (CERPCE) Host
Ceroplastes floridensis (as Ficus) (CERPFL) Host
Ceroplastes japonicus (CERPJA) Host
* Pencheva A, Yovkova M (2016) Review of Ceroplastes Gray 1828 in Bulgaria with first report of C. cirripediformis Comstock 1881. Silva Balcanica 17(2), 37-44.
Euplatypus parallelus (PLTPPA) Host
* Atkinson TH (online) Bark and Ambrosia Beetles. https://www.barkbeetles.info/index.php (last accessed 2021-07).
------- Ficus retusa var. nitida.
Eutetranychus orientalis (as Ficus) (EUTEOR) Host
Euwallacea fornicatus sensu lato (XYLBFO) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.

* Schuler H, Witkowski R, van de Vossenberg B, Hoppe B, Mittelbach M, Bukovinszki T, Schwembacher S, van de Meulengraaf B, Lange U, Rode S, Andriolo A (2022) Recent invasion and eradication of two members of the Euwallacea fornicatus species complex (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) from tropical greenhouses in Europe. Biological Invasions. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10530-022-02929-w
Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto (EUWAWH) Host
* Mendel Z, Lynch SC, Eskalen A, Protasov A, Maymon M, Freeman S (2021) What determines host range and reproductive performance of an invasive ambrosia beetle Euwallacea fornicatus; lessons from Israel and California. Frontiers in Forests and Global Change 4, 654702.
------- Non reproductive host tree in California (US).
Euwallacea kuroshio (as Ficus) (EUWAKU) Host
* Smith SM, Gomez DF, Beaver RA, Hulcr J, Cognato AI (2019) Reassessment of the species in the Euwallacea fornicatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) complex after the rediscovery of the ‘lost’ type specimen. Insects 10, 261. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects10090261
Fiorinia phantasma (FIORCO) Host
Fiorinia phantasma (as Ficus) (FIORCO) Host
Homalodisca vitripennis (HOMLTR) Host
* Hoddle MS, Triapitsyn SV, Morgan DJW (2003) Distribution and plant association records for Homalodisca coagulata (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae) in Florida. Florida Entomologist 86(1), 89-91.
Icerya seychellarum (ICERSE) Host
* Sánchez-García I, Pérez-Gómez A (2020) First records of Icerya seychellarum [Westwood, 1855] [Hemiptera: Coccomorpha: Monophlebidae] from the iberian peninsula, and new associated species. Revista de la Sociedad Gaditana de Historia Natural 14,  53-55.
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (PHENHI) Host
* Chang LWH, Miller CE (1996) Pathway Risk Assessment: Pink mealybug from the Caribbean. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture 61 pp.
Megaplatypus mutatus (PLTPMU) Host
* Carvalho Filho MM, Teixeira EP, Conforti TB (2008) Registro de novos hospedeiros de Megaplatypus mutatus (Chapuis) (Coleoptera, Platypodidae) no Estado de São Paulo, Brasil (Nota Científica). Revista do Instituto Florestal 20(2), 213-219.
Opogona sacchari (as Ficus) (OPOGSC) Host
* van der Gaag DJ, van der Straten M, Ramel JM, Baufeld P , Schrader G (2013) Pest Risk Analysis for Opogona sacchari. Netherlands Food and Consumer Product Safety Authority. 48 pp. Available at https://pra.eppo.int/pra/2823b66f-ce73-48eb-8272-082124412092.
------- intercepted in consignments of plants for planting.
Orthotospovirus tomatomaculae (TSWV00) Host
* Parrella G, Gognalons P, Gebre-Selassie K, Vovlas C, Marchoux G (2003) An update of the host range of tomato spotted wilt virus. Journal of Plant Pathology 85(4), 227-264.
------- Confirmed host.
Parasaissetia nigra (as Ficus) (SAISNI) Host
Paratachardina silvestri (PTACLO) Host
Ripersiella hibisci (RHIOHI) Host
* Jansen MGM (2001) Instar identification and some notes about the life cycle of Rhizoecus hibisci Kawai ; Takagi (Coccoidea: Pseudococcidae). Bollettino di Zoologia Agraria e di Bachicoltura, Serie II, 33(3), 53-56.
Ripersiella hibisci (as Ficus) (RHIOHI) Host
Tomato chlorosis virus (TOCV00) Host
* Mamoun Abdel-Salam AM, Rezk AA, Dawoud RA (2019) Biochemical, serological, molecular and natural host studies on Tomato chlorosis virus in Egypt. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences 22, 83-94. https://doi.org/10.3923/pjbs.2019.83.125
Greenidea ficicola (GREEFI) Major host
* Bella S, Aguiar AF (2020) Non-native insect pests from the Madeira archipelago (Portugal): new records and further data (Insecta: Orthoptera; Thysanoptera; Hemiptera; Coleoptera; Diptera; Lepidoptera; Hymenoptera). Fragmenta Entomologica 52(2), 369-376. https://doi.org/10.13133/2284-4880/469
Orthotospovirus impatiensnecromaculae (INSV00) Major host
* Ghotbi T, Shahraeen N, Winter S (2005) Occurrence of Tospoviruses in ornamental and weed species in Markazi and Tehran Provinces in Iran. Plant Disease 89(4), 425-429.
Parasaissetia nigra (SAISNI) Major host
Singhiella simplex (SINLSI) Major host
* Ramos F, Montilla R, Escalona E, Sandoval E (2015) La mosca blanca Singhiella simplex (Singh, 1931) (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) en Venezuela. Entomotropica 30(5), 236-238.
------- confirmed host
Chrysomphalus aonidum (CHRYFI) Wild/Weed
* Mifsud D, Mazzeo G, Russo A, Watson G W (2014) The scale insects (Hemiptera: Coccoidea) of the Maltese Archipelago. Zootaxa 3866(4), 499-525.

* Stathas GJ, Kartsonas ED, Darras AI, Skouras PJ (2021) Scale insect species (Hemiptera: Coccomorpha) and their natural enemies, recorded on agricultural, ornamental and forest plant species in the wider area of Messenian Province (Peloponnese, Greece), 2000–2020. Hellenic Plant Protection Journal, 14(2), 47-64.