EPPO Global Database

Cynara cardunculus(CYUCA)

Pests

Organism Type
Nemorimyza maculosa (AMAZMA) Host
* Valladares G, Salvo A, Saini E (2011) Moscas minadoras del girasol y sus enemigos naturales. Revista de Investigaciones Agropecuarias 37(2):180–188.
Prodiplosis longifila (PRDILO) Host
* Dhileepan K, Neser S, Rumiz D, Raman A, Sharma A (2017) Host associations of gall-inducing Prodiplosis longifila (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) from Bolivia: Implications for its use as a biological control agent for Jatropha gossypiifolia (Euphorbiaceae). Florida Entomologist, 100(4), 777-786.

* Goldsmith J, Castillo J, Clarke-Harris D (2013) Gall midges (Cecidomyiidae) attacking horticultural crops in the caribbean region and South America. In Potential Invasive Pests of Agricultural Crops (ed JE Peña), pp. 240-250. CAB International, Wallingford (UK).
Spodoptera frugiperda (LAPHFR) Host
* Montezano DG, Specht A, Sosa-Gómez DR, Roque-Specht VF, Sousa-Silva JC, Paula-Moraes SV, Peterson JA, Hunt T (2018) Host plants of Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in the Americas. African Entomology 26, 286-300.
Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV00) Host
* Batuman O, Turini TA, LeStrange M, Stoddard S, Miyao G, Aegerter BJ, Chen L-F, McRoberts N, Ullman DE, Gilbertson RL (2020) Development of an IPM strategy for thrips and Tomato spotted wilt virus in processing tomatoes in the Central Valley of California. Pathogens 9, 636. https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens9080636
------- Confirmed host.
Oxycarenus lavaterae (as Cynara) (OXYALV) Major host
Tomato infectious chlorosis virus (TICV00) Wild/Weed
* Wisler GC, Duffus JE, Liu HY, Li RH (1998) Ecology and epidemiology of whitefly-transmitted closteroviruses. Plant Disease 82, 270–280.