EPPO Global Database

Cynara cardunculus(CYUCA)

Code created in: 1996-10-28

Basic information
  • EPPO Code: CYUCA
  • Preferred name: Cynara cardunculus
  • Authority: Linnaeus


Mediterranean, Macaronesia (Canary Islands).  This is the wild species from which the cultivated artichoke (C. scolymus, q.v.) is derived. It is cultivated for its leaf bases, cooked as a green vegetable  Introduced in other European countries, southeast Asia, North and South America. Some authors do not consider C. scolymus to be distinct from C. cardunculus. This is also reflected in the common names

WSSA list of weeds in North America

Common names
Name Language
artichoke thistle English
cardoon English
cardy English
prickly artichoke English
Cardy German
Gemüseartischocke German
Kardone German
spanische Artischocke German
wilde Artischocke German
artichaut cardon French
artichaut sauvage French
cardon French
cardon sauvage French
chardon d'Espagne French
chardonette French
cardo comestible Spanish
cardo común Spanish (CO)
cardo de arrecife Spanish
cardo de Castilla Spanish
cardón Spanish (AR)
cardo penquero Spanish
hierba de cuajo Spanish
carciofo selvatico Italian
cardone Italian
cardo spinoso Italian
carduccio Italian
kardoen Dutch
wilde artisjok Dutch
cardo-do-coalho Portuguese
cardo-hortense Portuguese
cardo-manso Portuguese
yaprak enginarı Turkish
kharchouf Arabic
card comestible Catalan
card comú Catalan
herba-col Catalan
artičoka  Croatian
anghinare americana Romanian
cardon Romanian