EPPO Global Database

Citrus sp.(CIDSS)

Pests

Organism Type
Ceratitis quinaria (as Citrus) (CERTQU) Doubtful host
* Manrakhan A, Grout TG, Grove T, Daneel JH, Stephen PR, Weldon CW, De Meyer M, Carstens E, Hattingh V (2020) A survey of Ceratitis quinaria (Bezzi)(Diptera: Tephritidae) in citrus production areas in South Africa. African Entomology 28(1), 35-43.
------- no confirmed rearing of C. quinaria on Citrus.
Plenodomus tracheiphilus (as Citrus) (DEUTTR) Experimental
Aleurodicus dispersus (as Citrus) (ALEDDI) Host
Aleurodicus dugesii (as Citrus) (ALEDDU) Host
Aleurothrixus floccosus (as Citrus) (ALTHFL) Host
Alternaria citri (as Citrus) (ALTECI) Host
Anastrepha ludens (as Citrus) (ANSTLU) Host
Anastrepha obliqua (as Citrus) (ANSTOB) Host
Anastrepha serpentina (as Citrus) (ANSTSE) Host
Anastrepha striata (as Citrus) (ANSTST) Host
Anatrachyntis badia (PYROBA) Host
Aonidiella citrina (as Citrus) (AONDCI) Host
Apriona germari (as Citrus) (APRIGE) Host
* Lim J, Jung S-Y, Lim J-S, Jang J, Kim K-M, Lee Y-M, Lee B-W (2014) A review of host plants of Cerambycidae (Coleoptera: Chrysomeloidea) with new host records for fourteen Cerambycids, including the Asian longhorn beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis Motschulsky), in Korea. Korean Journal of Applied Entomology 53(2), 111-133.
Bactrocera caryeae (as Citrus) (BCTRCR) Host
Bactrocera minax (as Citrus) (DACUCT) Host
* Hancock DL, Drew RAI (2018) A review of the subgenera Apodacus Perkins, Hemizeugodacus Hardy, Neozeugodacus May, stat. rev., Semicallantra Drew and Tetradacus Miyake of Bactrocera Macquart (Diptera: Tephritidae: Dacinae). Australian Entomologist 45(1), 105-132.
Bactrocera passiflorae (as Citrus) (BCTRPA) Host
Bactrocera tsuneonis (as Citrus) (DACUTS) Host
* Hancock DL, Drew RAI (2018) A review of the subgenera Apodacus Perkins, Hemizeugodacus Hardy, Neozeugodacus May, stat. rev., Semicallantra Drew and Tetradacus Miyake of Bactrocera Macquart (Diptera: Tephritidae: Dacinae). Australian Entomologist 45(1), 105-132.
Bathycoelia thalassina (as Citrus) (BATHTA) Host
Brevipalpus azores (as Citrus) (BRVPAZ) Host
Brevipalpus californicus (as Citrus) (BRVPAU) Host
Brevipalpus lewisi (as Citrus) (BRVPLE) Host
Cacoecimorpha pronubana (TORTPR) Host
* Robinson GS, Ackery PR, Kitching IJ, Beccaloni GW, Hernández LM (2006) HOSTS - a database of the hostplants of the world’s Lepidoptera. The Natural History Museum, London.https://www.nhm.ac.uk/our-science/data/hostplants/search/index.dsml

* Siscaro G, Longo S, Ragusa S (1988) Notes on population dynamics of Archips rosanus (L.) and Cacoecimorpha pronubana (Hbn.) in Sicilian citrus groves. Bulletin SROP 6, 32‒38.
'Candidatus Liberibacter africanus' (as Citrus) (LIBEAF) Host
* Bové JM (2006) Huanglongbing: a destructive, newly emerging, century-old disease of citrus. Journal of Plant Pathology 88: 7-37.

* Rasowo BA, Khamis FM, Mohamed SA, Ajene IJ, Aidoo OF, Ombura L, Sétamou M, Ekesi S, Borgemeister C (2019) African citrus greening disease in east africa: incidence, severity, and distribution patterns. Journal of Economic Entomology 112(5), 2389-2397.
'Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus' (as Citrus) (LIBEAS) Host
* Bové JM (2006) Huanglongbing: a destructive, newly emerging, century-old disease of citrus. Journal of Plant Pathology 88: 7-37.
Ceratitis cosyra (CERTCO) Host
* INTERNET
True Fruit Flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) of the Afrotropical Region. Ceratitis anonae. Specimens http://projects.bebif.be/fruitfly/taxoninfo.html?id=26
Ceratitis rosa (as Citrus) (CERTRO) Host
Ceroplastes ceriferus (as Citrus) (CERPCE) Host
Ceroplastes destructor (as Citrus) (CERPDE) Host
Ceroplastes floridensis (as Citrus) (CERPFL) Host
Chaetanaphothrips signipennis (as Citrus) (SCITSI) Host
Chrysomphalus aonidum (as Citrus) (CHRYFI) Host
* Stathas GJ, Kartsonas ED, Darras AI, Skouras PJ (2021) Scale insect species (Hemiptera: Coccomorpha) and their natural enemies, recorded on agricultural, ornamental and forest plant species in the wider area of Messenian Province (Peloponnese, Greece), 2000–2020. Hellenic Plant Protection Journal, 14(2), 47-64.
Circulifer tenellus (as Citrus) (CIRCTE) Host
Citrus bark cracking viroid (CBCVD0) Host
* Fisher L, Bennett S, Tennant P, Mc Laughlin W (2010) Detection of Citrus tristeza virus and citrus viroid species in Jamaica. In I International Symposium on Tropical Horticulture 894, 117-122.
------- In Jamaica.

* Garnsey SM, Zies DL, Irey M, Sieburth PJ, Semancik JS, Levy L, Hilf ME (2002) Practical field detection of citrus viroids in Florida by RT-PCR. In Proceedings of the Fifteenth International Organization of Citrus Virologists Conference 15(15), 219-229.
------- In USA (Florida).

* Lavagi I, Matoušek J, Vidalakis G (2017) Other cocadviroids. In Viroids and satellites (pp. 275-287). Academic Press.
------- In Australia.

* Najar A, Duran-Vila N (2004) Viroid prevalence in Tunisian citrus. Plant Disease 88(11), 1286-1286.
------- In Tunisia (Cap Bon).

* Wang Y, Atta S, Wang X, Yang F, Zhou C, Cao M (2018) Transcriptome sequencing reveals novel Citrus bark cracking viroid (CBCVd) variants from citrus and their molecular characterization. PLoS One 13(6), e0198022.
------- In Pakistan (Punjab province).
Citrus blight agent (as Citrus) (CSB000) Host
Citrus exocortis viroid (as Citrus) (CEVD00) Host
Citrus impietratura agent (as Citrus) (CSI000) Host
Citrus leprosis disease (as Citrus) (CILV00) Host
Citrus tristeza virus (as Citrus) (CTV000) Host
Citrus vein enation virus (as Citrus) (CVEV00) Host
Citrus yellow mosaic virus (as Citrus) (CMBV00) Host
Coccus viridis (as Citrus) (COCCVI) Host
Cryptoblabes gnidiella (as Citrus) (CRYBGN) Host
* Korashy MA (2001) Seasonal fluctuation in the population of Cryptoblabes gnidiella Millar in mango, grapevine and citrus orchards. Egyptian Journal of Agricultural Research 79(4), 1379-1385.
Cryptosporiopsis citri (as Citrus) (CYPTCI) Host
Dacus ciliatus (DACUCI) Host
* McQuate GT, Liquido NJ, Nakamichi KAA (2018) Host plant records of the lesser pumpkin fly, Dacus ciliatus Loew (Diptera: Tephritidae), Version 1.0. Available online at: USDA Compendium of Fruit Fly Host Information (CoFFHI), Edition 3.1.
Dematophora bunodes (as Citrus) (ROSLBU) Host
Diabrotica speciosa (as Citrus) (DIABSC) Host
Diabrotica undecimpunctata undecimpunctata (DIABUN) Host
* Clark SM, LeDoux DG, Seeno TN, Riley EG, Gilbert AJ, Sullivan JM (2004) Host plants of leaf beetle species occurring in the United States and Canada (Coleoptera: Megalopodidae, Orsodacnidae, Chrysomelidae, excluding Bruchinae). Coleopterists Society, Special Publication 2, 1-476.
-------- Adult host.
Dialeurodes citri (as Citrus) (DIALCI) Host
Diaphorina citri (as Citrus) (DIAACI) Host
Diaporthe citri (as Citrus) (DIAPCI) Host
Diaprepes abbreviatus (as Citrus) (DPREAB) Host
Distantiella theobroma (as Citrus) (DISTTH) Host
Elsinoë fawcettii (as Citrus) (ELSIFA) Host
Eotetranychus lewisi (as Citrus) (EOTELE) Host
Epiphyas postvittana (as Citrus) (TORTPO) Host
Eutetranychus orientalis (as Citrus) (EUTEOR) Host
Euwallacea perbrevis (as Citrus) (EUWAPE) Host
* Smith SM, Gomez DF, Beaver RA, Hulcr J, Cognato AI (2019) Reassessment of the species in the Euwallacea fornicatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) complex after the rediscovery of the ‘lost’ type specimen. Insects 10, 261. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects10090261
Euzopherodes vapidella (as Citrus) (EPHEVA) Host
Gascardia brevicauda (as Citrus) (GASDBR) Host
Gymnandrosoma aurantianum (as Citrus) (ECDYAU) Host
* Cabrera-Asencio I, Vélez A, Henríquez S & Santiago-Blay J (2013) Melicoccus bijugatus Jacquin (Sapindaceae), quenepa: A new host plant record for the Citrus Fruit Borer, Gymnandrosoma aurantianum Lima, 1927 (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) and the genus Gymnandrosoma in Puerto Rico. Life: The Excitement of Biology, 1(1), 3–16. https://doi.org/10.9784/LEB1(1)Cabrera.02
------- confirmed host.
Halyomorpha halys (HALYHA) Host
Homalodisca vitripennis (HOMLTR) Host
* Adlerz WC (1980) Ecological observations on two leafhoppers that transmit the Pierce’s disease bacteria. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society 93, 115-120.
------- Adults and nymphs were observed on this plant.

* Hoddle MS, Triapitsyn SV, Morgan DJW (2003) Distribution and plant association records for Homalodisca coagulata (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae) in Florida. Florida Entomologist 86(1), 89-91.

* Sorensen JT, Gill RJ (1996) A range extension of Homalodisca coagulata (Say) (Hemiptera: Clypeorrhyncha: Cicadellidae) to Southern California. Pan-Pacific Entomologist 72(3), 160-161.
Hop stunt viroid (as Citrus) (HSVD00) Host
* Semancik JS, Roistacher CN, Rivera‐Bustamante R, Duran‐Vila N (1988) Citrus cachexia viroid, a new viroid of citrus: relationship to viroids of the exocortis disease complex. Journal of General Virology, 69, 3059–3068.
Icerya aegyptiaca (as Citrus) (ICERAE) Host
Icerya purchasi (as Citrus) (ICERPU) Host
Icerya seychellarum (as Citrus) (ICERSE) Host
Lasiodiplodia theobromae (as Citrus) (PHYORH) Host
Leptoglossus australis (as Citrus) (LEPLAU) Host
Lissachatina fulica (as Citrus) (ACHAFU) Host
Lopholeucaspis japonica (LOPLJA) Host
* Ülgentürk S, Ercan C, Yaşar B, Kaydan MB (2022) Checklist of Turkish Coccoidea (Hemiptera: Sternorryncha) species. Trakya University Journal of Natural Sciences 23(Special Issue), S113-S129. https://doi.org/10.23902/trkjnat.1123152
Lopholeucaspis japonica (as Citrus) (LOPLJA) Host
Luperomorpha xanthodera (as Citrus) (LUPMXA) Host
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (as Citrus) (PHENHI) Host
* Chang LWH, Miller CE (1996) Pathway Risk Assessment: Pink mealybug from the Caribbean. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture 61 pp.
Massicus raddei (as Citrus) (MALLRA) Host
Megaplatypus mutatus (as Citrus) (PLTPMU) Host
* Costilla MA, Venditti ME (1992) [Importance and control of taladrillo Platypus sulcatus (Coleoptera: Platypodidae), pest of citrus and avocado]. Revista Industrial y Agrícola de Tucumán 69(1-2), 163-166 (in Spanish).
------- On weakened trees.

* Giménez RA, Etiennot AE (2003) Host range of Platypus mutatus. Entomotropica 18, 89–94.
Meloidogyne exigua (as Citrus) (MELGEX) Host
Necator salmonicolor (as Citrus) (CORTSA) Host
Neoaliturus haematoceps (as Citrus) (NEOAHA) Host
Oemona hirta (as Citrus) (OEMOHI) Host
* Lu W, Wang Q (2005) Systematics of the New Zealand longicorn beetle genus Oemona Newman with discussion of the taxonomic position of the Australian species, O. simplex White (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae: 

* Shaw BD, Christeller JT. 2009. Characterization of the proteases in the midgut of the xylophagous larvae of Oemona hirta (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae). Insect Science (2009) 16, 381–386.Cerambycinae). Zootaxa 971, 1-31.
------- All types of citrus are attacked.
Ophiovirus citri (as Citrus) (CPSV00) Host
Orchamoplatus citri (as Citrus) (ORCMCI) Host
Otala lactea (as Citrus) (OTALLA) Host
Pachnaeus azurescens (as Citrus) (PACNAZ) Host
Parabemisia myricae (as Citrus) (PRABMY) Host
Parasaissetia nigra (as Citrus) (SAISNI) Host
Parlatoria ziziphi (as Citrus) (PARLZI) Host
Pezothrips kellyanus (as Citrus) (PEZTKE) Host
Phyllocnistis citrella (as Citrus) (PHYNCI) Host
Phyllosticta citricarpa (as Citrus) (GUIGCI) Host
Phytophthora citrophthora (as Citrus) (PHYTCO) Host
Phytophthora nicotianae var. parasitica (as Citrus) (PHYTNP) Host
Planococcus kenyae (as Citrus) (PLANKE) Host
Planococcus lilacinus (as Citrus) (PLANLI) Host
Pochazia shantungensis (as Citrus) (POCZSH) Host
* Stroiński A, Balderi M, Marraccini D, Mazza G (2022) First records of Pochazia shantungensis (Chou & Lu, 1977) (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha: Ricaniidae) in Italy. Zootaxa 5188 (3), 275–282, https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.5188.3.4
Prays citri (as Citrus) (PRAYCI) Host
Prays endocarpa (as Citrus) (PRAYEN) Host
Pseudocercospora angolensis (as Citrus) (CERCAN) Host
Radopholus similis citrus race (as Citrus) (RADOCI) Host
Ricania speculum (as Citrus) (RICASC) Host
Rotylenchulus reniformis (as Citrus) (ROTYRE) Host
Scirtothrips aurantii (as Citrus) (SCITAU) Host
* Gilbert MJ (1990) Relative population levels of citrus thrips Scirtothrips aurantii on commercial citrus and adjacent bush. South African Journal of Zoology, 25, 72-76.
Scirtothrips citri (as Citrus) (SCITCI) Host
* Grafton-Cardwell EE, Morse JG, Haviland DR, Faber BA (2020) Citrus Pest Management Guidelines: Citrus thrips. UCIPM guidelines. https://www2.ipm.ucanr.edu/agriculture/citrus/citrus-thrips/
Scirtothrips dorsalis (as Citrus) (SCITDO) Host
Selenothrips rubrocinctus (as Citrus) (SLENRU) Host
* Mound LA, Walker AK (1987) Thysanoptera as tropical tramps: new records from New Zealand and the Pacific. New Zealand Entomologist 9(1), 70-85.
------- adult on citrus leaves.
Spiroplasma citri (as Citrus) (SPIRCI) Host
* Sagouti T, Belabess Z, Rhallabi N, Barka EA, Tahiri A, Lahlali R (2022) Citrus Stubborn Disease: current insights on an enigmatic problem prevailing in Citrus orchards. Microorganisms 10(1), 183. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms10010183
Tetranychus fijiensis (as Citrus) (TETRFI) Host
Tetranychus mexicanus (as Citrus) (TETRME) Host
* Flechtmann CHW & BAKER EW (1970) A preliminary report on the Tetranychidae (Acarina) of Brazil. Ann. Entomol. Soco Amer. 63 (I): 156- 163 . 
------- on citrus
Thaumatotibia leucotreta (as Citrus) (ARGPLE) Host
Theba pisana (as Citrus) (THEBPI) Host
Thrips hawaiiensis (as Citrus) (THRIHA) Host
* Sartiami D, Mound LA (2013) Identification of the terebrantian thrips (Insecta, Thysanoptera) associated with cultivated plants in Java, Indonesia. ZooKeys 306, 1–21. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.306.5455
------- Collected from citrus species in Java (Indonesia).
Thrips imaginis (as Citrus) (THRIIM) Host
Thrips palmi (as Citrus) (THRIPL) Host
* Seal DR (2004) Management of melon thrips, Thrips palmi Karny (Thysanoptera: Thripidae): an integrated approach using chemical, cultural, and biological agents. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society 117, 63-68.
Thrips parvispinus (as Citrus) (THRIPV) Host
* Lacasa A, Lorca M, Martinez MC, Bielza P, Guirao P (2019) Thrips parvispinus (Karny, 1922), un nuevo trips en cultivos de plantas ornamentales. Phytoma Espana 311, 62-69
------- reported on ornamental citrus
Tiracola plagiata (as Citrus) (TIRAPL) Host
Trichoferus campestris (as Citrus) (HESOCA) Host
* Iwata R & Yamada F (1990) Notes on the biology of Hesperophanes campestris, a drywood borer in Japan. Material und Organismen 25, 305–313.
Tylenchulus semipenetrans (as Citrus) (TYLESE) Host
Unaspis citri (as Citrus) (UNASCI) Host
Unaspis yanonensis (as Citrus) (UNASYA) Host
Xylella fastidiosa (as Citrus) (XYLEFA) Host
Xylella fastidiosa subsp. pauca (as Citrus) (XYLEFP) Host
Zaprionus indianus (as Citrus) (ZAPRIN) Host
Anoplophora chinensis (as Citrus) (ANOLCN) Major host
* Lim J, Jung S-Y, Lim J-S, Jang J, Kim K-M, Lee Y-M, Lee B-W (2014) A review of host plants of Cerambycidae (Coleoptera: Chrysomeloidea) with new host records for fourteen Cerambycids, including the Asian longhorn beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis Motschulsky), in Korea. Korean Journal of Applied Entomology 53(2), 111-133.

* Sjöman H, Östberg J & Nilsson J (2014) Review of host trees for the wood-boring pests Anoplophora glabripennis and Anoplophora chinensis: an urban forest perspective. Arboriculture & Urban Forestry 40(3), 143–164.
Eotetranychus lewisi (EOTELE) Major host
* Damiano A (1964) The mites on Citrus in Tripolitania. Rivista di Agricoltura subtropicale e tropicale, 58: 354-361.

* Doucette C (1962) The Lewis mite, Eotetranychus lewisi, on greenhouse poinsettia. Journal of Economic Entomology, 55: 139-140.
Paraleyrodes minei (as Citrus) (PARYMI) Major host
* Krishnappa C, Dubey AK, Verma A,, Mahapatro GK (2021) Occurrence of exotic whitefly, Paraleyrodes minei Iaccarino (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) and other whitefly species on fruit crops in Maharashtra, India. 3 Biotech 11, p 264.

* Sundararaj R, Krishnan S, Sumalatha BV (2021) Invasion and expansion of exotic whiteflies (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) in India and their economic importance. Phytoparasitica 49(5), 851-863.
Phytophthora hibernalis (PHYTHI) Major host
* Feld SJ, Mange JA, Pehrson JE (1979) Brown rot of citrus: a review of the disease. Citrograph, 64(5), 101-106.
Platynota stultana (PLAAST) Major host
* Basinger AJ (1936) Notes on the orange worms Argyrotaenia (Tortrix) citrana Fern. and Platynota stultana Wlsm. Journal of Economic Entomology 29, 131–134.

* Hoover GA, Biddinger DJ (2014) Omnivorous leafroller, Platynota stultana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Penn State Extension Pest Alert. https://ento.psu.edu/files/omnivorous-leafroller/view

* McGregor EA (1934) Platynota stultana Walsh. damaging green oranges in southern California. Journal of Economic Entomology 27, 974–977.

* Nelson RH (1936) Observations on the life history of Platynota stultana Wlsm. on greenhouse rose. Journal of Economic Entomology 29, 306–312.

* Woglum RS (1920) A recently discovered citrus pest, Platynota tinctana (Walker) in California. California Department of Agricultural Monthly Bulletin 9, 341‒343.
Pseudococcus viburni (as Citrus) (PSECOB) Major host
Trioza erytreae (as Citrus) (TRIZER) Major host
Xanthomonas citri pv. aurantifolii (as Citrus) (XANTAU) Major host