EPPO Global Database

Citrus x tangelo(CIDRP)

Pests

Organism Type
Plenodomus tracheiphilus (as Citrus) (DEUTTR) Experimental
Aleurodicus dispersus (as Citrus) (ALEDDI) Host
Aleurodicus dugesii (as Citrus) (ALEDDU) Host
Aleurothrixus floccosus (as Citrus) (ALTHFL) Host
Alternaria citri (as Citrus) (ALTECI) Host
Anastrepha fraterculus (ANSTFR) Host
* Molineros J, Tigrero JO, Sandoval D (1992) Diagnostico de la situacion actual del problema de las moscas de la fruta en el Ecuador. Comision Ecuatoriana de Energia Atomica, Direccion de Investigaciones, Quito. 53 p.
Anastrepha ludens (ANSTLU) Host
* Eskafi FM (1988) Infestation of citrus by Anastrepha spp. and Ceratitis capitata (Diptera: Tephritidae) in high coastal plains of Guatemala. Environmental Entomology 17(1), 52-58.

* Eskafi FM, Cunningham RT (1987) Host plants of fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) of economic importance in Guatemala. Florida Entomologist 70, 116-123.
Anastrepha ludens (as Citrus) (ANSTLU) Host
Anastrepha obliqua (as Citrus) (ANSTOB) Host
Anastrepha serpentina (as Citrus) (ANSTSE) Host
Anastrepha striata (as Citrus) (ANSTST) Host
Anastrepha suspensa (ANSTSU) Host
* Anonymous (1968) [Host records for Tephritidae]. United States Department of Agriculture Cooperative Economic Insect Report, 18, 54, 153, 260, 365, 452, 926, 950.

* Swanson RW, Baranowski RM (1972) Host range and infestation by the Caribbean fruit fly, Anastrepha suspensa (Diptera: Tephritidae), in south Florida. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society, 271-273.
Aonidiella citrina (as Citrus) (AONDCI) Host
Apriona germari (as Citrus) (APRIGE) Host
* Lim J, Jung S-Y, Lim J-S, Jang J, Kim K-M, Lee Y-M, Lee B-W (2014) A review of host plants of Cerambycidae (Coleoptera: Chrysomeloidea) with new host records for fourteen Cerambycids, including the Asian longhorn beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis Motschulsky), in Korea. Korean Journal of Applied Entomology 53(2), 111-133.
Bactrocera caryeae (as Citrus) (BCTRCR) Host
Bactrocera dorsalis (DACUDO) Host
* Goergen G, Vayssières JF, Gnanvossou D, Tindo M (2011) Bactrocera invadens (Diptera: Tephritidae), a new invasive fruit fly pest for the Afrotropical region: Host plant range and distribution in West and Central Africa. Environmental Entomology 40(4), 844-854.

* Goergen G, Vayssières JF, Gnanvossou D, Tindo M (2011) Bactrocera invadens (Diptera: Tephritidae), a new invasive fruit fly pest for the Afrotropical region: Host plant range and distribution in West and Central Africa. Environmental Entomology 40(4), 844-854.
Bactrocera minax (as Citrus) (DACUCT) Host
* Hancock DL, Drew RAI (2018) A review of the subgenera Apodacus Perkins, Hemizeugodacus Hardy, Neozeugodacus May, stat. rev., Semicallantra Drew and Tetradacus Miyake of Bactrocera Macquart (Diptera: Tephritidae: Dacinae). Australian Entomologist 45(1), 105-132.
Bactrocera passiflorae (as Citrus) (BCTRPA) Host
Bactrocera tsuneonis (as Citrus) (DACUTS) Host
* Hancock DL, Drew RAI (2018) A review of the subgenera Apodacus Perkins, Hemizeugodacus Hardy, Neozeugodacus May, stat. rev., Semicallantra Drew and Tetradacus Miyake of Bactrocera Macquart (Diptera: Tephritidae: Dacinae). Australian Entomologist 45(1), 105-132.
Bathycoelia thalassina (as Citrus) (BATHTA) Host
Brevipalpus azores (as Citrus) (BRVPAZ) Host
Brevipalpus californicus (as Citrus) (BRVPAU) Host
Brevipalpus lewisi (as Citrus) (BRVPLE) Host
Cacoecimorpha pronubana (as Citrus) (TORTPR) Host
'Candidatus Liberibacter africanus' (as Citrus) (LIBEAF) Host
* Bové JM (2006) Huanglongbing: a destructive, newly emerging, century-old disease of citrus. Journal of Plant Pathology 88: 7-37.

* Rasowo BA, Khamis FM, Mohamed SA, Ajene IJ, Aidoo OF, Ombura L, Sétamou M, Ekesi S, Borgemeister C (2019) African citrus greening disease in east africa: incidence, severity, and distribution patterns. Journal of Economic Entomology 112(5), 2389-2397.
'Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus' (as Citrus) (LIBEAS) Host
* Bové JM (2006) Huanglongbing: a destructive, newly emerging, century-old disease of citrus. Journal of Plant Pathology 88: 7-37.
Ceratitis cosyra (as Citrus) (CERTCO) Host
Ceratitis quinaria (as Citrus) (CERTQU) Host
Ceratitis rosa (as Citrus) (CERTRO) Host
Ceroplastes ceriferus (as Citrus) (CERPCE) Host
Ceroplastes destructor (as Citrus) (CERPDE) Host
Ceroplastes floridensis (as Citrus) (CERPFL) Host
Chaetanaphothrips signipennis (as Citrus) (SCITSI) Host
Chrysomphalus aonidum (as Citrus) (CHRYFI) Host
* Stathas GJ, Kartsonas ED, Darras AI, Skouras PJ (2021) Scale insect species (Hemiptera: Coccomorpha) and their natural enemies, recorded on agricultural, ornamental and forest plant species in the wider area of Messenian Province (Peloponnese, Greece), 2000–2020. Hellenic Plant Protection Journal, 14(2), 47-64.
Circulifer tenellus (as Citrus) (CIRCTE) Host
Citrus bark cracking viroid (CBCVD0) Host
* Hashemian SB, Taheri H, Alian YM, Bové JM, Durán-Vila N (2013) Complex mixtures of viroids identified in the two main citrus growing areas of Iran. Journal of Plant Pathology 95, 647-654.
------- In Iran (Caspian Sea).
Citrus blight agent (as Citrus) (CSB000) Host
Citrus chlorotic dwarf associated virus (CCDAV0) Host
* Karanfil A, Korkmaz S (2019) Geographic distribution and molecular characterization of Turkish isolates of the citrus chlorotic dwarf-associated virus. Journal of Plant Pathology 3, 621–628.
------- Minneola tangelo.
Citrus exocortis viroid (as Citrus) (CEVD00) Host
Citrus impietratura agent (as Citrus) (CSI000) Host
Citrus leprosis disease (as Citrus) (CILV00) Host
Citrus tristeza virus (as Citrus) (CTV000) Host
Citrus vein enation virus (as Citrus) (CVEV00) Host
Citrus yellow mosaic virus (as Citrus) (CMBV00) Host
Coccus viridis (as Citrus) (COCCVI) Host
Cryptoblabes gnidiella (as Citrus) (CRYBGN) Host
Cryptosporiopsis citri (as Citrus) (CYPTCI) Host
Dematophora bunodes (as Citrus) (ROSLBU) Host
Diabrotica speciosa (as Citrus) (DIABSC) Host
Dialeurodes citri (as Citrus) (DIALCI) Host
Diaphorina citri (as Citrus) (DIAACI) Host
Diaporthe citri (as Citrus) (DIAPCI) Host
Diaprepes abbreviatus (as Citrus) (DPREAB) Host
Distantiella theobroma (as Citrus) (DISTTH) Host
Elsinoë fawcettii (as Citrus) (ELSIFA) Host
Eotetranychus lewisi (as Citrus) (EOTELE) Host
Epiphyas postvittana (as Citrus) (TORTPO) Host
Erythricium salmonicolor (as Citrus) (CORTSA) Host
Eutetranychus orientalis (as Citrus) (EUTEOR) Host
Euwallacea perbrevis (as Citrus) (EUWAPE) Host
* Smith SM, Gomez DF, Beaver RA, Hulcr J, Cognato AI (2019) Reassessment of the species in the Euwallacea fornicatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) complex after the rediscovery of the ‘lost’ type specimen. Insects 10, 261. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects10090261
Euzopherodes vapidella (as Citrus) (EPHEVA) Host
Gascardia brevicauda (as Citrus) (GASDBR) Host
Gymnandrosoma aurantianum (as Citrus) (ECDYAU) Host
* Cabrera-Asencio I, Vélez A, Henríquez S & Santiago-Blay J (2013) Melicoccus bijugatus Jacquin (Sapindaceae), quenepa: A new host plant record for the Citrus Fruit Borer, Gymnandrosoma aurantianum Lima, 1927 (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) and the genus Gymnandrosoma in Puerto Rico. Life: The Excitement of Biology, 1(1), 3–16. https://doi.org/10.9784/LEB1(1)Cabrera.02
------- confirmed host.
Hishimonus phycitis (as Citrus) (HISHPH) Host
Hop stunt viroid (as Citrus) (HSVD00) Host
* Semancik JS, Roistacher CN, Rivera‐Bustamante R, Duran‐Vila N (1988) Citrus cachexia viroid, a new viroid of citrus: relationship to viroids of the exocortis disease complex. Journal of General Virology, 69, 3059–3068.
Icerya aegyptiaca (as Citrus) (ICERAE) Host
Icerya purchasi (as Citrus) (ICERPU) Host
Icerya seychellarum (as Citrus) (ICERSE) Host
Lasiodiplodia theobromae (as Citrus) (PHYORH) Host
Leptoglossus australis (as Citrus) (LEPLAU) Host
Lissachatina fulica (as Citrus) (ACHAFU) Host
Lopholeucaspis japonica (as Citrus) (LOPLJA) Host
Luperomorpha xanthodera (as Citrus) (LUPMXA) Host
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (as Citrus) (PHENHI) Host
* Chang LWH, Miller CE (1996) Pathway Risk Assessment: Pink mealybug from the Caribbean. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture 61 pp.
Massicus raddei (as Citrus) (MALLRA) Host
Megaplatypus mutatus (as Citrus) (PLTPMU) Host
* Costilla MA, Venditti ME (1992) [Importance and control of taladrillo Platypus sulcatus (Coleoptera: Platypodidae), pest of citrus and avocado]. Revista Industrial y Agrícola de Tucumán 69(1-2), 163-166 (in Spanish).
------- On weakened trees.

* Giménez RA, Etiennot AE (2003) Host range of Platypus mutatus. Entomotropica 18, 89–94.
Meloidogyne exigua (as Citrus) (MELGEX) Host
Naupactus xanthographus (as Citrus) (NAUPXA) Host
Neoaliturus haematoceps (as Citrus) (NEOAHA) Host
Oemona hirta (OEMOHI) Host
* Plant-SyNZ. Landcare Research (NZ). Host plants of a herbivore -Oemona hirta. http://plant-synz.landcareresearch.co.nz/index.asp). Last accessed 2021-06.
Oemona hirta (as Citrus) (OEMOHI) Host
* Lu W, Wang Q (2005) Systematics of the New Zealand longicorn beetle genus Oemona Newman with discussion of the taxonomic position of the Australian species, O. simplex White (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae: 

* Shaw BD, Christeller JT. 2009. Characterization of the proteases in the midgut of the xylophagous larvae of Oemona hirta (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae). Insect Science (2009) 16, 381–386.Cerambycinae). Zootaxa 971, 1-31.
------- All types of citrus are attacked.
Ophiovirus citri (as Citrus) (CPSV00) Host
Orchamoplatus citri (as Citrus) (ORCMCI) Host
Otala lactea (as Citrus) (OTALLA) Host
Pachnaeus azurescens (as Citrus) (PACNAZ) Host
Parabemisia myricae (as Citrus) (PRABMY) Host
Parasaissetia nigra (as Citrus) (SAISNI) Host
Parlatoria ziziphi (as Citrus) (PARLZI) Host
Pezothrips kellyanus (as Citrus) (PEZTKE) Host
Phyllocnistis citrella (as Citrus) (PHYNCI) Host
Phyllosticta citricarpa (as Citrus) (GUIGCI) Host
Phytophthora citrophthora (as Citrus) (PHYTCO) Host
Phytophthora nicotianae var. parasitica (as Citrus) (PHYTNP) Host
Planococcus kenyae (as Citrus) (PLANKE) Host
Planococcus lilacinus (as Citrus) (PLANLI) Host
Prays citri (as Citrus) (PRAYCI) Host
Prays endocarpa (as Citrus) (PRAYEN) Host
Pseudocercospora angolensis (as Citrus) (CERCAN) Host
Radopholus similis citrus race (as Citrus) (RADOCI) Host
Ricania speculum (as Citrus) (RICASC) Host
Rotylenchulus reniformis (as Citrus) (ROTYRE) Host
Satsuma dwarf virus (SDV000) Host
* Miyakawa T (1968) Susceptibility of trifoliate orange and some other citrus varieties to Satsuma dwarf virus. Proceedings of IOCV Conference (1957-2010) 4(4), 153-159. Available at https://escholarship.org/uc/item/1185s8k14
------- As tangelo (C. reticulata x C.  paradisi). Experimental host.

* Shimizu S, Miyoshi T (2003) Association of satsuma dwarf virus with dwarf-like symptoms on novel citrus varieties in Ehime Prefecture. Bulletin Ehime Prefecture Fruit Tree Experimental Station 16, 41-46. Cited in https://iocv.ucr.edu/citrus-diseases/satsuma-dwarf
Scirtothrips aurantii (as Citrus) (SCITAU) Host
* Gilbert MJ (1990) Relative population levels of citrus thrips Scirtothrips aurantii on commercial citrus and adjacent bush. South African Journal of Zoology, 25, 72-76.
Scirtothrips citri (as Citrus) (SCITCI) Host
* Grafton-Cardwell EE, Morse JG, Haviland DR, Faber BA (2020) Citrus Pest Management Guidelines: Citrus thrips. UCIPM guidelines. https://www2.ipm.ucanr.edu/agriculture/citrus/citrus-thrips/
Scirtothrips dorsalis (as Citrus) (SCITDO) Host
Selenothrips rubrocinctus (as Citrus) (SLENRU) Host
* Mound LA, Walker AK (1987) Thysanoptera as tropical tramps: new records from New Zealand and the Pacific. New Zealand Entomologist 9(1), 70-85.
------- adult on citrus leaves.
Spiroplasma citri (SPIRCI) Host
Spiroplasma citri (as Citrus) (SPIRCI) Host
* Sagouti T, Belabess Z, Rhallabi N, Barka EA, Tahiri A, Lahlali R (2022) Citrus Stubborn Disease: current insights on an enigmatic problem prevailing in Citrus orchards. Microorganisms 10(1), 183. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms10010183
Tetranychus fijiensis (as Citrus) (TETRFI) Host
Tetranychus mexicanus (as Citrus) (TETRME) Host
* Flechtmann CHW & BAKER EW (1970) A preliminary report on the Tetranychidae (Acarina) of Brazil. Ann. Entomol. Soco Amer. 63 (I): 156- 163 . 
------- on citrus
Thaumatotibia leucotreta (as Citrus) (ARGPLE) Host
Theba pisana (as Citrus) (THEBPI) Host
Thrips hawaiiensis (as Citrus) (THRIHA) Host
* Sartiami D, Mound LA (2013) Identification of the terebrantian thrips (Insecta, Thysanoptera) associated with cultivated plants in Java, Indonesia. ZooKeys 306, 1–21. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.306.5455
------- Collected from citrus species in Java (Indonesia).
Thrips imaginis (as Citrus) (THRIIM) Host
Thrips parvispinus (as Citrus) (THRIPV) Host
* Lacasa A, Lorca M, Martinez MC, Bielza P, Guirao P (2019) Thrips parvispinus (Karny, 1922), un nuevo trips en cultivos de plantas ornamentales. Phytoma Espana 311, 62-69
------- reported on ornamental citrus
Tiracola plagiata (as Citrus) (TIRAPL) Host
Trichoferus campestris (as Citrus) (HESOCA) Host
* Iwata R & Yamada F (1990) Notes on the biology of Hesperophanes campestris, a drywood borer in Japan. Material und Organismen 25, 305–313.
Tylenchulus semipenetrans (as Citrus) (TYLESE) Host
Unaspis citri (as Citrus) (UNASCI) Host
Unaspis yanonensis (as Citrus) (UNASYA) Host
Xanthomonas citri pv. citri (XANTCI) Host
* Das AK (2003) Citrus canker - A review. Journal of Applied Horticulture 5(1), 52-60.

* Amaral AM, Carvalho SA, Silva LFC, Machado MA (2010) Reaction of genotypes of Citrus species and varieties to Xanthomonas citri subsp. citri under greenhouse conditions. Journal of Plant Pathology 92(2), 519-524.
------- Artificial inoculations studies.
Xylella fastidiosa (as Citrus) (XYLEFA) Host
Xylella fastidiosa subsp. pauca (as Citrus) (XYLEFP) Host
Zaprionus indianus (as Citrus) (ZAPRIN) Host
Anoplophora chinensis (as Citrus) (ANOLCN) Major host
* Lim J, Jung S-Y, Lim J-S, Jang J, Kim K-M, Lee Y-M, Lee B-W (2014) A review of host plants of Cerambycidae (Coleoptera: Chrysomeloidea) with new host records for fourteen Cerambycids, including the Asian longhorn beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis Motschulsky), in Korea. Korean Journal of Applied Entomology 53(2), 111-133.

* Sjöman H, Östberg J & Nilsson J (2014) Review of host trees for the wood-boring pests Anoplophora glabripennis and Anoplophora chinensis: an urban forest perspective. Arboriculture & Urban Forestry 40(3), 143–164.
'Candidatus Liberibacter africanus' (LIBEAF) Major host
* McClean APD & Schwarz RE (1970) Huanglongbing or greening or blotchy-mottle disease of citrus. Phytophylactica 2, 177-194.
'Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus' (LIBEAS) Major host
* Chen J, Deng X, Sun X, Jones D, Irey M, Civerolo E (2010) Guangdong and Florida populations of ‘Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus’ distinguished by a genomic locus with short tandem repeats. Phytopathology 100(6), 567-572.
Citrus sudden death-associated virus (CSSD00) Major host
Citrus yellow vein clearing virus (as Citrus) (CSYV00) Major host
Elsinoë fawcettii (ELSIFA) Major host
* Chung K-R (2011) Elsinoё fawcettii and Elsinoё australis: The fungal pathogens causing citrus scab. Molecular Plant Pathology 12(2), 123-135. 

* Gopal K, Govindarajulu B, Ramana KTV, Kishore Kumar ChS, Gopi V, Gouri Sankar T, Mukunda Lakshmi L, Naga Lakshmi T, Sarada G (2014) Citrus scab (Elsinoe fawcettii): A review. Research and Reviews: Journal of Agriculture and Allied Sciences 3(3), 49-58.
Paraleyrodes minei (as Citrus) (PARYMI) Major host
* Krishnappa C, Dubey AK, Verma A,, Mahapatro GK (2021) Occurrence of exotic whitefly, Paraleyrodes minei Iaccarino (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) and other whitefly species on fruit crops in Maharashtra, India. 3 Biotech 11, p 264.

* Sundararaj R, Krishnan S, Sumalatha BV (2021) Invasion and expansion of exotic whiteflies (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) in India and their economic importance. Phytoparasitica 49(5), 851-863.
Pseudococcus viburni (as Citrus) (PSECOB) Major host
Trioza erytreae (as Citrus) (TRIZER) Major host
Xanthomonas citri pv. aurantifolii (as Citrus) (XANTAU) Major host