EPPO Global Database

Citrus maxima(CIDGR)

Pests

Organism Type
Plenodomus tracheiphilus (as Citrus) (DEUTTR) Artificial
Anastrepha suspensa (as Citrus) (ANSTSU) Incidental
'Candidatus Liberibacter africanus' (LIBEAF) Incidental
'Candidatus Liberibacter africanus' (as Rutaceae) (LIBEAF) Incidental
'Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus' (as Rutaceae) (LIBEAS) Incidental
Ceratitis cosyra (as Citrus) (CERTCO) Incidental
Massicus raddei (MALLRA) Incidental
* Xu W, Li W, Lin M, Lin J, Huang H., Huang J, Fu S, Zheng X (1995) Comparison of esterase isozymes of cerambycids. Chinese Journal of Tropical Crops, Volume 16, supplement, December 1995. p 71-78
------- reported as host but original source is missing
Phymatotrichopsis omnivora (as Citrus) (PHMPOM) Incidental
Thrips palmi (as Citrus) (THRIPL) Incidental
Aleurothrixus floccosus (ALTHFL) Major
Anoplophora chinensis (as Citrus) (ANOLCN) Major
* Lim J, Jung S-Y, Lim J-S, Jang J, Kim K-M, Lee Y-M, Lee B-W (2014) A review of host plants of Cerambycidae (Coleoptera: Chrysomeloidea) with new host records for fourteen Cerambycids, including the Asian longhorn beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis Motschulsky), in Korea. Korean Journal of Applied Entomology 53(2), 111-133.

* Sjöman H, Östberg J & Nilsson J (2014) Review of host trees for the wood-boring pests Anoplophora glabripennis and Anoplophora chinensis: an urban forest perspective. Arboriculture & Urban Forestry 40(3), 143–164.
Bactrocera minax (DACUCT) Major
* Allwood AJ, Chinajariyawong A, Drew RAI, Hamacek EL, Hancock DL, Hengsawad C, Jipanin JC, Jirasurat M, Kong Krong C, Kritsaneepaiboon S, Leong KLH, Vijaysegaran S (1999) Host plant records for fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in South East Asia. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, Supplement No. 7, 1–92.

* White IM, Elson-Harris MM (1992) Fruit flies of economic significance: their identification and bionomics. CABI Wallingford (GB), 601 pp.

* Xia Y, Ma XL, Hou BH, Ouyang GC (2018) A review of Bactrocera minax (Diptera: Tephritidae) in China for the purpose of safeguarding. Advances in Entomology 6, 35-61.
------- High incidence of the pest on this host in parts of China.

Citrus bark cracking viroid (as Citrus) (CBCVD0) Major
Citrus leaf blotch virus (as Citrus) (CLBV00) Major
Citrus yellow vein clearing virus (CSYV00) Major
Citrus yellow vein clearing virus (as Citrus) (CSYV00) Major
Diaphorina citri (DIAACI) Major
* Westbrook CJ, Hall DG, Stover E, Duan YP, Lee RF (2011) Colonization of Citrus and Citrus-related germplasm by Diaphorina citri (Hemiptera: Psyllidae). HortScience, 46(7), 997-1005.
------- confirmed host (as C. maxima and C. maxima var racemosa)
Oemona hirta (as Citrus) (OEMOHI) Major
Paraleyrodes minei (as Citrus) (PARYMI) Major
Pseudococcus viburni (as Citrus) (PSECOB) Major
Trioza erytreae (TRIZER) Major
* Aubert B (1987) Trioza erytreae Del Guercio and Diaphorina citri Kuwayama (Homoptera: Psylloidea), the two vectors of citrus greening disease: biological aspects and possible control strategies. Fruits, 42, 149-162.
------- confirmed host.
Trioza erytreae (as Citrus) (TRIZER) Major
Trioza erytreae (as Rutaceae) (TRIZER) Major
Xanthomonas citri pv. aurantifolii (as Citrus) (XANTAU) Major
Achatina fulica (as Citrus) (ACHAFU) Minor
Aleurocanthus woglumi (as Citrus) (ALECWO) Minor
Aleurothrixus floccosus (as Citrus) (ALTHFL) Minor
Alternaria citri (as Citrus) (ALTECI) Minor
Anastrepha fraterculus (as Citrus) (ANSTFR) Minor
Anastrepha ludens (ANSTLU) Minor
* Aluja M (1984) Manejo integrado de las moscas de la fruta (Diptera: Tephritidae). Direccion General de Sanidad Vegetal, SARH, Mexico.

* Aluja M, Cabrera M, Rios E, Guillén J, Celedonio H, Hendrichs J, Liedo T (1987) A survey of the economically Important fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) present in Chiapas and a few other fruit growing regions in Mexico. Florida Entomologist 70(3), 320-329.

* Aluja M, Pinero J, Lopez M, Ruiz C, Zuniga A, Piedra E, Diza-Fleischer F, Sivinski J (2000) New host plant and distribution records in Mexico for Anastrepha spp., Toxotrypana curvicauda Gerstacker, Rhagoletis zoqui Bush, Rhagoletis sp., and Hexachaeta sp. (Diptera: Tephritidae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 102, 802–825.

* Baker AC, Stone WE, Plummer CC, McPhail M (1944) A review of studies on the Mexican fruitfly and related Mexican species. USDA Miscellaneous Publications, 155 pp.

* Hernández-Ortiz V (2007) Diversidad y biogeografia del genero Anastrepha en Mexico. In Moscas * Hernández-Ortiz V, Pérez-Alonso R (1993) The natural host plants of Anastrepha (Diptera: Tephritidae) in a tropical rain forest of Mexico. Florida Entomologist 76(3), 447-460.
Anastrepha ludens (as Citrus) (ANSTLU) Minor
Anastrepha obliqua (as Citrus) (ANSTOB) Minor
Aonidiella citrina (as Citrus) (AONDCI) Minor
Bactrocera caryeae (as Citrus) (BCTRCR) Minor
Bactrocera dorsalis (DACUDO) Minor
Bactrocera dorsalis (as Citrus) (DACUDO) Minor
Bactrocera minax (as Citrus) (DACUCT) Minor
* Hancock DL, Drew RAI (2018) A review of the subgenera Apodacus Perkins, Hemizeugodacus Hardy, Neozeugodacus May, stat. rev., Semicallantra Drew and Tetradacus Miyake of Bactrocera Macquart (Diptera: Tephritidae: Dacinae). Australian Entomologist 45(1), 105-132.
Bactrocera tsuneonis (as Citrus) (DACUTS) Minor
* Hancock DL, Drew RAI (2018) A review of the subgenera Apodacus Perkins, Hemizeugodacus Hardy, Neozeugodacus May, stat. rev., Semicallantra Drew and Tetradacus Miyake of Bactrocera Macquart (Diptera: Tephritidae: Dacinae). Australian Entomologist 45(1), 105-132.
Brevipalpus californicus (as Citrus) (BRVPAU) Minor
Brevipalpus lewisi (as Citrus) (BRVPLE) Minor
Cacoecimorpha pronubana (as Citrus) (TORTPR) Minor
'Candidatus Liberibacter africanus' (as Citrus) (LIBEAF) Minor
'Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus' (LIBEAS) Minor
'Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus' (as Citrus) (LIBEAS) Minor
'Candidatus Phytoplasma aurantifolia' (as Citrus) (PHYPAF) Minor
Ceratitis capitata (CERTCA) Minor
Ceratitis capitata (as Citrus) (CERTCA) Minor
Ceratitis quinaria (as Citrus) (CERTQU) Minor
Ceratitis rosa (as Citrus) (CERTRO) Minor
Ceroplastes destructor (as Citrus) (CERPDE) Minor
Circulifer tenellus (as Citrus) (CIRCTE) Minor
Citrus blight agent (as Citrus) (CSB000) Minor
Citrus exocortis viroid (as Citrus) (CEVD00) Minor
Citrus impietratura agent (as Citrus) (CSI000) Minor
Citrus leprosis virus sensu lato (as Citrus) (CILV00) Minor
Citrus psorosis ophiovirus (as Citrus) (CPSV00) Minor
Citrus tatter leaf virus (as Citrus) (CTLV00) Minor
Citrus tristeza virus (as Citrus) (CTV000) Minor
Citrus vein enation virus (as Citrus) (CVEV00) Minor
Citrus yellow mosaic virus (as Citrus) (CMBV00) Minor
Coccus viridis (as Citrus) (COCCVI) Minor
Cryptosporiopsis citri (as Citrus) (CYPTCI) Minor
Diabrotica speciosa (as Citrus) (DIABSC) Minor
Dialeurodes citri (as Citrus) (DIALCI) Minor
Diaphorina citri (as Citrus) (DIAACI) Minor
Diaphorina citri (as Rutaceae) (DIAACI) Minor
Diaporthe citri (as Citrus) (DIAPCI) Minor
Diaprepes abbreviatus (as Citrus) (DPREAB) Minor
Distantiella theobroma (as Citrus) (DISTTH) Minor
Elsinoë fawcettii (ELSIFA) Minor
* Chung K-R (2011) Elsinoё fawcettii and Elsinoё australis: The fungal pathogens causing citrus scab. Molecular Plant Pathology 12(2), 123-135. 

* Gopal K, Govindarajulu B, Ramana KTV, Kishore Kumar ChS, Gopi V, Gouri Sankar T, Mukunda Lakshmi L, Naga Lakshmi T, Sarada G (2014) Citrus scab (Elsinoe fawcettii): A review. Research and Reviews: Journal of Agriculture and Allied Sciences 3(3), 49-58.
Elsinoë fawcettii (as Citrus) (ELSIFA) Minor
Eotetranychus lewisi (as Citrus) (EOTELE) Minor
Epiphyas postvittana (as Citrus) (TORTPO) Minor
Eutetranychus orientalis (as Citrus) (EUTEOR) Minor
Euwallacea fornicatus sensu lato (as Citrus) (XYLBFO) Minor
Gymnandrosoma aurantianum (as Citrus) (ECDYAU) Minor
* Cabrera-Asencio I, Vélez A, Henríquez S & Santiago-Blay J (2013) Melicoccus bijugatus Jacquin (Sapindaceae), quenepa: A new host plant record for the Citrus Fruit Borer, Gymnandrosoma aurantianum Lima, 1927 (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) and the genus Gymnandrosoma in Puerto Rico. Life: The Excitement of Biology, 1(1), 3–16. https://doi.org/10.9784/LEB1(1)Cabrera.02
------- confirmed host.
Hishimonus phycitis (as Citrus) (HISHPH) Minor
Homalodisca vitripennis (as Citrus) (HOMLTR) Minor
Hop stunt viroid (as Citrus) (HSVD00) Minor
Icerya aegyptiaca (as Citrus) (ICERAE) Minor
Icerya purchasi (as Citrus) (ICERPU) Minor
Icerya seychellarum (as Citrus) (ICERSE) Minor
Leptoglossus australis (as Citrus) (LEPLAU) Minor
Lopholeucaspis japonica (as Citrus) (LOPLJA) Minor
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (as Citrus) (PHENHI) Minor
Meloidogyne exigua (as Citrus) (MELGEX) Minor
Naupactus xanthographus (as Citrus) (NAUPXA) Minor
Neoaliturus haematoceps (as Citrus) (NEOAHA) Minor
Orchamoplatus citri (as Citrus) (ORCMCI) Minor
Parabemisia myricae (as Citrus) (PRABMY) Minor
Parasaissetia nigra (as Citrus) (SAISNI) Minor
Parlatoria ziziphi (as Citrus) (PARLZI) Minor
Pezothrips kellyanus (as Citrus) (PEZTKE) Minor
Phyllocnistis citrella (as Citrus) (PHYNCI) Minor
Phyllosticta citricarpa (GUIGCI) Minor
* Brodrick HT (1969) Physiological studies with Guignardia citricarpa Kiely. DSc.Thesis, University of Pretoria, Pretoria.

* Glienke C, Pereira OL, Stringari D, Fabris J, Kava-Cordeiro V, Galli-Terasawa L, Cunnington J, Shivas RG, Groenewald JZ, Crous PW (2011) Endophytic and pathogenic Phyllosticta species, with reference to those associated with Citrus Black Spot. Persoonia 26, 47.

* Kiely TB (1949) Preliminary studies on Guignardia citricarpa n.sp.: the ascigenous stage of Phoma citricarpa McAlp. and its relation to black spot of citrus. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 73, 249-292.

* Kiely TB (1970) Black Spot of Citrus. The Fruit and World Market Grower February, 57- 60.
Phytophthora citrophthora (as Citrus) (PHYTCO) Minor
Planococcus kenyae (as Citrus) (PLANKE) Minor
Planococcus lilacinus (as Citrus) (PLANLI) Minor
Platynota stultana (as Citrus) (PLAAST) Minor
Prays citri (as Citrus) (PRAYCI) Minor
Prays endocarpa (as Citrus) (PRAYEN) Minor
Pseudocercospora angolensis (as Citrus) (CERCAN) Minor
Radopholus similis citrus race (as Citrus) (RADOCI) Minor
Satsuma dwarf virus (as Citrus) (SDV000) Minor
Scirtothrips aurantii (as Citrus) (SCITAU) Minor
Scirtothrips citri (as Citrus) (SCITCI) Minor
Scirtothrips dorsalis (as Citrus) (SCITDO) Minor
Sphaceloma fawcettii var. scabiosa (as Citrus) (SPHAFS) Minor
Spiroplasma citri (SPIRCI) Minor
Spiroplasma citri (as Citrus) (SPIRCI) Minor
Thaumatotibia leucotreta (as Citrus) (ARGPLE) Minor
Theba pisana (as Citrus) (THEBPI) Minor
Thrips imaginis (as Citrus) (THRIIM) Minor
Tiracola plagiata (as Citrus) (TIRAPL) Minor
Toxoptera citricidus (as Citrus) (TOXOCI) Minor
Unaspis citri (as Citrus) (UNASCI) Minor
Unaspis yanonensis (as Citrus) (UNASYA) Minor
Xanthomonas citri pv. citri (XANTCI) Minor
Xanthomonas citri pv. citri (as Citrus) (XANTCI) Minor
Xanthomonas citri pv. citri (as Rutaceae) (XANTCI) Minor
Xylella fastidiosa (as Citrus) (XYLEFA) Minor
Aleurodicus dispersus (as Citrus) (ALEDDI) Unclassified
Aleurodicus dugesii (as Citrus) (ALEDDU) Unclassified
Anastrepha serpentina (as Citrus) (ANSTSE) Unclassified
Anastrepha striata (as Citrus) (ANSTST) Unclassified
Anoplophora chinensis (ANOLCN) Unclassified
* Sjöman H, Östberg J & Nilsson J (2014) Review of host trees for the wood-boring pests Anoplophora glabripennis and Anoplophora chinensis: an urban forest perspective. Arboriculture & Urban Forestry 40(3), 143–164.
Apriona germari (as Citrus) (APRIGE) Unclassified
* Lim J, Jung S-Y, Lim J-S, Jang J, Kim K-M, Lee Y-M, Lee B-W (2014) A review of host plants of Cerambycidae (Coleoptera: Chrysomeloidea) with new host records for fourteen Cerambycids, including the Asian longhorn beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis Motschulsky), in Korea. Korean Journal of Applied Entomology 53(2), 111-133.
Bactrocera caryeae (BCTRCR) Unclassified
* Ramani S, David KJ, Viraktamath CA, Kumar ARV (2008) Identity and distribution of Bactrocera caryeae (Kapoor) (Insecta: Diptera: Tephritidae) - A species under the Bactrocera dorsalis complex in India. Biosystematica 2, 49-57.

* Drew RAI, Hancock DL (1994) The Bactrocera dorsalis complex of fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae: Dacinae) in Asia. Bulletin of Entomological Research suppl. Series 2, 1-68.
Bactrocera kandiensis (BCTRKA) Unclassified
* Tsuruta K, White IM, Bandara HMJ, Rajapakse H, Sundaraperuma SAH, Kahawatta SBMUC, Rajapakse GBJP (1997) A preliminary notes on the host-plants of fruit flies of the tribe Dacini (Diptera, Tephritidae) in Sri Lanka. Esakia 37, 149-160.
Bactrocera passiflorae (as Citrus) (BCTRPA) Unclassified
Bactrocera tryoni (DACUTR) Unclassified
* Hancock D, Hamacek EL, Lloyd AC, Elson-Harris MM (2000) The distribution and host plants of fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Australia. Queensland Department of Primary Industries, 75 pp.

* Leblanc L, Vueti ET, Drew AI, Allwood AJ (2012) Host plant records for fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae: Dacini) in the Pacific islands. Proceedings of the Hawaiian Society 44, 11-53.
Bathycoelia thalassina (as Citrus) (BATHTA) Unclassified
Brevipalpus azores (as Citrus) (BRVPAZ) Unclassified
Ceroplastes ceriferus (as Citrus) (CERPCE) Unclassified
Ceroplastes floridensis (as Citrus) (CERPFL) Unclassified
Chaetanaphothrips signipennis (as Citrus) (SCITSI) Unclassified
Chrysomphalus aonidum (as Citrus) (CHRYFI) Unclassified
Cryptoblabes gnidiella (as Citrus) (CRYBGN) Unclassified
Erthesina fullo (ERTNFU) Unclassified
* Mi Q, Zhang J, Gould E, Chen J, Sun Z, Zhang F (2020) Biology, ecology, and management of Erthesina fullo (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae): A review. Insects 11, 346. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects11060346
Erythricium salmonicolor (as Citrus) (CORTSA) Unclassified
Euwallacea perbrevis (as Citrus) (EUWAPE) Unclassified
* Smith SM, Gomez DF, Beaver RA, Hulcr J, Cognato AI (2019) Reassessment of the species in the Euwallacea fornicatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) complex after the rediscovery of the ‘lost’ type specimen. Insects 10, 261. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects10090261
Euzopherodes vapidella (as Citrus) (EPHEVA) Unclassified
Gascardia brevicauda (as Citrus) (GASDBR) Unclassified
Lasiodiplodia theobromae (as Citrus) (PHYORH) Unclassified
Luperomorpha xanthodera (as Citrus) (LUPMXA) Unclassified
Massicus raddei (as Citrus) (MALLRA) Unclassified
Megaplatypus mutatus (as Citrus) (PLTPMU) Unclassified
* Costilla MA, Venditti ME (1992) [Importance and control of taladrillo Platypus sulcatus (Coleoptera: Platypodidae), pest of citrus and avocado]. Revista Industrial y Agrícola de Tucumán 69(1-2), 163-166 (in Spanish).
------- On weakened trees.

* Giménez RA, Etiennot AE (2003) Host range of Platypus mutatus. Entomotropica 18, 89–94.
Otala lactea (as Citrus) (OTALLA) Unclassified
Pachnaeus azurescens (as Citrus) (PACNAZ) Unclassified
Phyllosticta citricarpa (as Citrus) (GUIGCI) Unclassified
Phytophthora nicotianae var. parasitica (as Citrus) (PHYTNP) Unclassified
Platynota stultana (PLAAST) Unclassified
Ricania speculum (as Citrus) (RICASC) Unclassified
Rosellinia bunodes (as Citrus) (ROSLBU) Unclassified
Rotylenchulus reniformis (as Citrus) (ROTYRE) Unclassified
Tetranychus fijiensis (as Citrus) (TETRFI) Unclassified
Tetranychus mexicanus (as Citrus) (TETRME) Unclassified
* Flechtmann CHW & BAKER EW (1970) A preliminary report on the Tetranychidae (Acarina) of Brazil. Ann. Entomol. Soco Amer. 63 (I): 156- 163 . 
------- on citrus
Thrips hawaiiensis (as Citrus) (THRIHA) Unclassified
Thrips parvispinus (as Citrus) (THRIPV) Unclassified
* Lacasa A, Lorca M, Martinez MC, Bielza P, Guirao P (2019) Thrips parvispinus (Karny, 1922), un nuevo trips en cultivos de plantas ornamentales. Phytoma Espana 311, 62-69
------- reported on ornamental citrus
Trichoferus campestris (as Citrus) (HESOCA) Unclassified
* Iwata R & Yamada F (1990) Notes on the biology of Hesperophanes campestris, a drywood borer in Japan. Material und Organismen 25, 305–313.
Tylenchulus semipenetrans (as Citrus) (TYLESE) Unclassified
Xylella fastidiosa subsp. pauca (as Citrus) (XYLEFP) Unclassified
Zaprionus indianus (as Citrus) (ZAPRIN) Unclassified