EPPO Global Database

Citrus maxima(CIDGR)

Pests

Organism Type
Plenodomus tracheiphilus (as Citrus) (DEUTTR) Experimental
Achatina fulica (as Citrus) (ACHAFU) Host
Aleurocanthus woglumi (ALECWO) Host
* Dubey AK, Ko CC (2012) Sexual dimorphism among species of Aleurocanthus Quaintance & Baker (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) in Taiwan, with one new species and an identification key. Zootaxa 3177, 1–23.
Aleurocanthus woglumi (as Citrus) (ALECWO) Host
Aleurodicus dispersus (as Citrus) (ALEDDI) Host
Aleurodicus dugesii (as Citrus) (ALEDDU) Host
Aleurothrixus floccosus (as Citrus) (ALTHFL) Host
Alternaria citri (as Citrus) (ALTECI) Host
Anastrepha fraterculus (ANSTFR) Host
* Korytkowski C, Ojeda-Pena D (1970) Especies del género Anastrepha Schiner 1968 en el nor-oeste Peruano. Revista Peruana de Entomologia (Lima) 11, 32-70.

* Malavasi A, Morgante JS, Zucchi RA (1980) Biologia de “moscas-das-frutas” (Diptera, Tephritidae). I: lista de hospedeiros e ocorrência. Revista Brasileira de Biologia 40, 9–16.

* Rust EW (1918) Anastrepha fraterculus Wied. (Trypetidae)—A severe menace to the southern United States. Journal of Economic Entomology 11, 457–467.
Anastrepha ludens (ANSTLU) Host
* Aluja M (1984) Manejo integrado de las moscas de la fruta (Diptera: Tephritidae). Direccion General de Sanidad Vegetal, SARH, Mexico.

* Aluja M, Cabrera M, Rios E, Guillén J, Celedonio H, Hendrichs J, Liedo T (1987) A survey of the economically Important fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) present in Chiapas and a few other fruit growing regions in Mexico. Florida Entomologist 70(3), 320-329.

* Aluja M, Pinero J, Lopez M, Ruiz C, Zuniga A, Piedra E, Diza-Fleischer F, Sivinski J (2000) New host plant and distribution records in Mexico for Anastrepha spp., Toxotrypana curvicauda Gerstacker, Rhagoletis zoqui Bush, Rhagoletis sp., and Hexachaeta sp. (Diptera: Tephritidae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 102, 802–825.

* Baker AC, Stone WE, Plummer CC, McPhail M (1944) A review of studies on the Mexican fruitfly and related Mexican species. USDA Miscellaneous Publications, 155 pp.

* Hernández-Ortiz V (2007) Diversidad y biogeografia del genero Anastrepha en Mexico. In Moscas * Hernández-Ortiz V, Pérez-Alonso R (1993) The natural host plants of Anastrepha (Diptera: Tephritidae) in a tropical rain forest of Mexico. Florida Entomologist 76(3), 447-460.
Anastrepha ludens (as Citrus) (ANSTLU) Host
Anastrepha obliqua (as Citrus) (ANSTOB) Host
Anastrepha serpentina (as Citrus) (ANSTSE) Host
Anastrepha striata (as Citrus) (ANSTST) Host
Anastrepha suspensa (ANSTSU) Host
* Greene CT (1934) A revision of the genus Anastrepha based on a study of the wings and on the length of the ovipositor sheath (Diptera: Trypetidae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 36, 127-179.

* Seín F Jr (1933) Anastrepha (Trypetydae [sic], Diptera) fruit flies in Puerto Rico. Journal of the Department of  Agriculture of Puerto Rico, 17, 183-196.

* Stone A (1942) The fruitflies of the genus Anastrepha. United States Department of Agriculture Miscellaneous Publication, 439, 112 pp.
Anoplophora chinensis (ANOLCN) Host
* Sjöman H, Östberg J & Nilsson J (2014) Review of host trees for the wood-boring pests Anoplophora glabripennis and Anoplophora chinensis: an urban forest perspective. Arboriculture & Urban Forestry 40(3), 143–164.
Aonidiella citrina (as Citrus) (AONDCI) Host
Apriona germari (as Citrus) (APRIGE) Host
* Lim J, Jung S-Y, Lim J-S, Jang J, Kim K-M, Lee Y-M, Lee B-W (2014) A review of host plants of Cerambycidae (Coleoptera: Chrysomeloidea) with new host records for fourteen Cerambycids, including the Asian longhorn beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis Motschulsky), in Korea. Korean Journal of Applied Entomology 53(2), 111-133.
Bactrocera caryeae (BCTRCR) Host
* Ramani S, David KJ, Viraktamath CA, Kumar ARV (2008) Identity and distribution of Bactrocera caryeae (Kapoor) (Insecta: Diptera: Tephritidae) - A species under the Bactrocera dorsalis complex in India. Biosystematica 2, 49-57.

* Drew RAI, Hancock DL (1994) The Bactrocera dorsalis complex of fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae: Dacinae) in Asia. Bulletin of Entomological Research suppl. Series 2, 1-68.
Bactrocera caryeae (as Citrus) (BCTRCR) Host
Bactrocera dorsalis (DACUDO) Host
* Allwood AJ, Chinajariyawong A, Kritsaneepaiboon S, Drew RAI, Hamacek EL, Hancock DL, Hengsawad C, Jinapin JC, Jirasurat M, Krong CK, Leong CTS, Vijaysegaran S (1999) Host plant records for fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Southeast Asia. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 47(7), 1-92.
------- As Citrus grandis.
Bactrocera kandiensis (BCTRKA) Host
* Tsuruta K, White IM, Bandara HMJ, Rajapakse H, Sundaraperuma SAH, Kahawatta SBMUC, Rajapakse GBJP (1997) A preliminary notes on the host-plants of fruit flies of the tribe Dacini (Diptera, Tephritidae) in Sri Lanka. Esakia 37, 149-160.
Bactrocera minax (as Citrus) (DACUCT) Host
* Hancock DL, Drew RAI (2018) A review of the subgenera Apodacus Perkins, Hemizeugodacus Hardy, Neozeugodacus May, stat. rev., Semicallantra Drew and Tetradacus Miyake of Bactrocera Macquart (Diptera: Tephritidae: Dacinae). Australian Entomologist 45(1), 105-132.
Bactrocera passiflorae (as Citrus) (BCTRPA) Host
Bactrocera tryoni (DACUTR) Host
* Hancock D, Hamacek EL, Lloyd AC, Elson-Harris MM (2000) The distribution and host plants of fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Australia. Queensland Department of Primary Industries, 75 pp.

* Leblanc L, Vueti ET, Drew AI, Allwood AJ (2012) Host plant records for fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae: Dacini) in the Pacific islands. Proceedings of the Hawaiian Society 44, 11-53.
Bactrocera tsuneonis (as Citrus) (DACUTS) Host
* Hancock DL, Drew RAI (2018) A review of the subgenera Apodacus Perkins, Hemizeugodacus Hardy, Neozeugodacus May, stat. rev., Semicallantra Drew and Tetradacus Miyake of Bactrocera Macquart (Diptera: Tephritidae: Dacinae). Australian Entomologist 45(1), 105-132.
Bathycoelia thalassina (as Citrus) (BATHTA) Host
Brevipalpus azores (as Citrus) (BRVPAZ) Host
Brevipalpus californicus (as Citrus) (BRVPAU) Host
Brevipalpus lewisi (as Citrus) (BRVPLE) Host
Cacoecimorpha pronubana (as Citrus) (TORTPR) Host
'Candidatus Liberibacter africanus' (LIBEAF) Host
'Candidatus Liberibacter africanus' (as Citrus) (LIBEAF) Host
* Bové JM (2006) Huanglongbing: a destructive, newly emerging, century-old disease of citrus. Journal of Plant Pathology 88: 7-37.

* Rasowo BA, Khamis FM, Mohamed SA, Ajene IJ, Aidoo OF, Ombura L, Sétamou M, Ekesi S, Borgemeister C (2019) African citrus greening disease in east africa: incidence, severity, and distribution patterns. Journal of Economic Entomology 112(5), 2389-2397.
'Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus' (LIBEAS) Host
* Ghosh DK, Bhose S, Motghare M, Warghane A, Mukherjee K, Ghosh DK Sr, Sharma AK, Ladaniya MS, Gowda S (2015) Genetic diversity of the Indian populations of 'Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus' based on the tandem repeat variability in a genomic locus. Phytopathology 105(8), 1043-1049.

* Singh YH, Sharma SK, Sinha B, Baranwal VK, Singh NB, Chanu NT, Roy SS, Ansari MA, Ningombam A, Devi PS, Das AK, Singh S, Singh KM, Prakash N (2019) Genetic variability based on tandem repeat numbers in a genomic locus of 'Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus' prevalent in North East India. Plant Pathology Journal 35(6), 644-653. 
'Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus' (as Citrus) (LIBEAS) Host
* Bové JM (2006) Huanglongbing: a destructive, newly emerging, century-old disease of citrus. Journal of Plant Pathology 88: 7-37.
Ceratitis capitata (CERTCA) Host
* Liquido NJ, Cunnigham RT, Nakagawa S (1990) Host plants of Mediterranean fruit fly on the island of Hawaii (1949-1985 survey). Journal of Economic Entomology 83(5),  1863-1878,
Ceratitis cosyra (as Citrus) (CERTCO) Host
Ceratitis quinaria (as Citrus) (CERTQU) Host
Ceratitis rosa (as Citrus) (CERTRO) Host
Ceroplastes ceriferus (as Citrus) (CERPCE) Host
Ceroplastes destructor (as Citrus) (CERPDE) Host
Ceroplastes floridensis (as Citrus) (CERPFL) Host
Chaetanaphothrips signipennis (as Citrus) (SCITSI) Host
Chrysomphalus aonidum (as Citrus) (CHRYFI) Host
* Stathas GJ, Kartsonas ED, Darras AI, Skouras PJ (2021) Scale insect species (Hemiptera: Coccomorpha) and their natural enemies, recorded on agricultural, ornamental and forest plant species in the wider area of Messenian Province (Peloponnese, Greece), 2000–2020. Hellenic Plant Protection Journal, 14(2), 47-64.
Circulifer tenellus (as Citrus) (CIRCTE) Host
Citrus blight agent (as Citrus) (CSB000) Host
Citrus exocortis viroid (as Citrus) (CEVD00) Host
Citrus impietratura agent (as Citrus) (CSI000) Host
Citrus leprosis virus sensu lato (as Citrus) (CILV00) Host
Citrus psorosis ophiovirus (as Citrus) (CPSV00) Host
Citrus tristeza virus (as Citrus) (CTV000) Host
Citrus vein enation virus (as Citrus) (CVEV00) Host
Citrus yellow mosaic virus (as Citrus) (CMBV00) Host
Coccus viridis (as Citrus) (COCCVI) Host
Cryptoblabes gnidiella (as Citrus) (CRYBGN) Host
Cryptosporiopsis citri (as Citrus) (CYPTCI) Host
Diabrotica speciosa (as Citrus) (DIABSC) Host
Dialeurodes citri (as Citrus) (DIALCI) Host
Diaphorina citri (as Citrus) (DIAACI) Host
Diaporthe citri (as Citrus) (DIAPCI) Host
Diaprepes abbreviatus (as Citrus) (DPREAB) Host
Distantiella theobroma (as Citrus) (DISTTH) Host
Elsinoë fawcettii (ELSIFA) Host
* Chung K-R (2011) Elsinoё fawcettii and Elsinoё australis: The fungal pathogens causing citrus scab. Molecular Plant Pathology 12(2), 123-135. 

* Gopal K, Govindarajulu B, Ramana KTV, Kishore Kumar ChS, Gopi V, Gouri Sankar T, Mukunda Lakshmi L, Naga Lakshmi T, Sarada G (2014) Citrus scab (Elsinoe fawcettii): A review. Research and Reviews: Journal of Agriculture and Allied Sciences 3(3), 49-58.
Elsinoë fawcettii (as Citrus) (ELSIFA) Host
Eotetranychus lewisi (as Citrus) (EOTELE) Host
Epiphyas postvittana (as Citrus) (TORTPO) Host
Erthesina fullo (ERTNFU) Host
* Mi Q, Zhang J, Gould E, Chen J, Sun Z, Zhang F (2020) Biology, ecology, and management of Erthesina fullo (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae): A review. Insects 11, 346. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects11060346
Erythricium salmonicolor (as Citrus) (CORTSA) Host
Eutetranychus orientalis (as Citrus) (EUTEOR) Host
Euwallacea perbrevis (as Citrus) (EUWAPE) Host
* Smith SM, Gomez DF, Beaver RA, Hulcr J, Cognato AI (2019) Reassessment of the species in the Euwallacea fornicatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) complex after the rediscovery of the ‘lost’ type specimen. Insects 10, 261. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects10090261
Euzopherodes vapidella (as Citrus) (EPHEVA) Host
Gascardia brevicauda (as Citrus) (GASDBR) Host
Gymnandrosoma aurantianum (as Citrus) (ECDYAU) Host
* Cabrera-Asencio I, Vélez A, Henríquez S & Santiago-Blay J (2013) Melicoccus bijugatus Jacquin (Sapindaceae), quenepa: A new host plant record for the Citrus Fruit Borer, Gymnandrosoma aurantianum Lima, 1927 (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) and the genus Gymnandrosoma in Puerto Rico. Life: The Excitement of Biology, 1(1), 3–16. https://doi.org/10.9784/LEB1(1)Cabrera.02
------- confirmed host.
Hishimonus phycitis (as Citrus) (HISHPH) Host
Hop stunt viroid (as Citrus) (HSVD00) Host
* Semancik JS, Roistacher CN, Rivera‐Bustamante R, Duran‐Vila N (1988) Citrus cachexia viroid, a new viroid of citrus: relationship to viroids of the exocortis disease complex. Journal of General Virology, 69, 3059–3068.
Icerya aegyptiaca (as Citrus) (ICERAE) Host
Icerya purchasi (as Citrus) (ICERPU) Host
Icerya seychellarum (as Citrus) (ICERSE) Host
Lasiodiplodia theobromae (as Citrus) (PHYORH) Host
Leptoglossus australis (as Citrus) (LEPLAU) Host
Lopholeucaspis japonica (as Citrus) (LOPLJA) Host
Luperomorpha xanthodera (as Citrus) (LUPMXA) Host
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (as Citrus) (PHENHI) Host
* Chang LWH, Miller CE (1996) Pathway Risk Assessment: Pink mealybug from the Caribbean. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture 61 pp.
Massicus raddei (MALLRA) Host
* Xu W, Li W, Lin M, Lin J, Huang H., Huang J, Fu S, Zheng X (1995) Comparison of esterase isozymes of cerambycids. Chinese Journal of Tropical Crops, Volume 16, supplement, December 1995. p 71-78
------- reported as host but original source is missing
Massicus raddei (as Citrus) (MALLRA) Host
Megaplatypus mutatus (as Citrus) (PLTPMU) Host
* Costilla MA, Venditti ME (1992) [Importance and control of taladrillo Platypus sulcatus (Coleoptera: Platypodidae), pest of citrus and avocado]. Revista Industrial y Agrícola de Tucumán 69(1-2), 163-166 (in Spanish).
------- On weakened trees.

* Giménez RA, Etiennot AE (2003) Host range of Platypus mutatus. Entomotropica 18, 89–94.
Meloidogyne exigua (as Citrus) (MELGEX) Host
Naupactus xanthographus (as Citrus) (NAUPXA) Host
Neoaliturus haematoceps (as Citrus) (NEOAHA) Host
Oemona hirta (as Citrus) (OEMOHI) Host
* Lu W, Wang Q (2005) Systematics of the New Zealand longicorn beetle genus Oemona Newman with discussion of the taxonomic position of the Australian species, O. simplex White (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae: 

* Shaw BD, Christeller JT. 2009. Characterization of the proteases in the midgut of the xylophagous larvae of Oemona hirta (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae). Insect Science (2009) 16, 381–386.Cerambycinae). Zootaxa 971, 1-31.
------- All types of citrus are attacked.
Orchamoplatus citri (as Citrus) (ORCMCI) Host
Otala lactea (as Citrus) (OTALLA) Host
Pachnaeus azurescens (as Citrus) (PACNAZ) Host
Parabemisia myricae (as Citrus) (PRABMY) Host
Parasaissetia nigra (as Citrus) (SAISNI) Host
Parlatoria ziziphi (as Citrus) (PARLZI) Host
Pezothrips kellyanus (as Citrus) (PEZTKE) Host
Phyllocnistis citrella (as Citrus) (PHYNCI) Host
Phyllosticta citricarpa (GUIGCI) Host
* Brodrick HT (1969) Physiological studies with Guignardia citricarpa Kiely. DSc.Thesis, University of Pretoria, Pretoria.

* Glienke C, Pereira OL, Stringari D, Fabris J, Kava-Cordeiro V, Galli-Terasawa L, Cunnington J, Shivas RG, Groenewald JZ, Crous PW (2011) Endophytic and pathogenic Phyllosticta species, with reference to those associated with Citrus Black Spot. Persoonia 26, 47.

* Kiely TB (1949) Preliminary studies on Guignardia citricarpa n.sp.: the ascigenous stage of Phoma citricarpa McAlp. and its relation to black spot of citrus. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 73, 249-292.

* Kiely TB (1970) Black Spot of Citrus. The Fruit and World Market Grower February, 57- 60.
Phyllosticta citricarpa (as Citrus) (GUIGCI) Host
Phytophthora citrophthora (as Citrus) (PHYTCO) Host
Phytophthora nicotianae var. parasitica (as Citrus) (PHYTNP) Host
Planococcus kenyae (as Citrus) (PLANKE) Host
Planococcus lilacinus (as Citrus) (PLANLI) Host
Platynota stultana (PLAAST) Host
Platynota stultana (as Citrus) (PLAAST) Host
Prays citri (as Citrus) (PRAYCI) Host
Prays endocarpa (as Citrus) (PRAYEN) Host
Pseudocercospora angolensis (as Citrus) (CERCAN) Host
Radopholus similis citrus race (as Citrus) (RADOCI) Host
Ricania speculum (as Citrus) (RICASC) Host
Rosellinia bunodes (as Citrus) (ROSLBU) Host
Rotylenchulus reniformis (as Citrus) (ROTYRE) Host
Satsuma dwarf virus (as Citrus) (SDV000) Host
Scirtothrips aurantii (as Citrus) (SCITAU) Host
* Gilbert MJ (1990) Relative population levels of citrus thrips Scirtothrips aurantii on commercial citrus and adjacent bush. South African Journal of Zoology, 25, 72-76.
Scirtothrips citri (as Citrus) (SCITCI) Host
Scirtothrips dorsalis (as Citrus) (SCITDO) Host
Spiroplasma citri (SPIRCI) Host
Spiroplasma citri (as Citrus) (SPIRCI) Host
Tetranychus fijiensis (as Citrus) (TETRFI) Host
Tetranychus mexicanus (as Citrus) (TETRME) Host
* Flechtmann CHW & BAKER EW (1970) A preliminary report on the Tetranychidae (Acarina) of Brazil. Ann. Entomol. Soco Amer. 63 (I): 156- 163 . 
------- on citrus
Thaumatotibia leucotreta (as Citrus) (ARGPLE) Host
Theba pisana (as Citrus) (THEBPI) Host
Thrips hawaiiensis (as Citrus) (THRIHA) Host
Thrips imaginis (as Citrus) (THRIIM) Host
Thrips parvispinus (as Citrus) (THRIPV) Host
* Lacasa A, Lorca M, Martinez MC, Bielza P, Guirao P (2019) Thrips parvispinus (Karny, 1922), un nuevo trips en cultivos de plantas ornamentales. Phytoma Espana 311, 62-69
------- reported on ornamental citrus
Tiracola plagiata (as Citrus) (TIRAPL) Host
Trichoferus campestris (as Citrus) (HESOCA) Host
* Iwata R & Yamada F (1990) Notes on the biology of Hesperophanes campestris, a drywood borer in Japan. Material und Organismen 25, 305–313.
Tylenchulus semipenetrans (as Citrus) (TYLESE) Host
Unaspis citri (as Citrus) (UNASCI) Host
Unaspis yanonensis (as Citrus) (UNASYA) Host
Xanthomonas citri pv. citri (XANTCI) Host
Xanthomonas citri pv. citri (as Citrus) (XANTCI) Host
Xylella fastidiosa (as Citrus) (XYLEFA) Host
Xylella fastidiosa subsp. pauca (as Citrus) (XYLEFP) Host
Zaprionus indianus (as Citrus) (ZAPRIN) Host
Aleurothrixus floccosus (ALTHFL) Major host
Anoplophora chinensis (as Citrus) (ANOLCN) Major host
* Lim J, Jung S-Y, Lim J-S, Jang J, Kim K-M, Lee Y-M, Lee B-W (2014) A review of host plants of Cerambycidae (Coleoptera: Chrysomeloidea) with new host records for fourteen Cerambycids, including the Asian longhorn beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis Motschulsky), in Korea. Korean Journal of Applied Entomology 53(2), 111-133.

* Sjöman H, Östberg J & Nilsson J (2014) Review of host trees for the wood-boring pests Anoplophora glabripennis and Anoplophora chinensis: an urban forest perspective. Arboriculture & Urban Forestry 40(3), 143–164.
Aphis citricidus (TOXOCI) Major host
* Blackman & Eastop (2021) Aphids on the World’s plants. An online identification and information guide. http://www.aphidsonworldsplants.info/ [last accessed in 2021-04].

* Singh G, Singh R (2017) Food plant records of Aphidini (Aphidinae: Aphididae: Hemiptera) in India. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies 5(2), 1280-1302.
Bactrocera minax (DACUCT) Major host
* Allwood AJ, Chinajariyawong A, Drew RAI, Hamacek EL, Hancock DL, Hengsawad C, Jipanin JC, Jirasurat M, Kong Krong C, Kritsaneepaiboon S, Leong KLH, Vijaysegaran S (1999) Host plant records for fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in South East Asia. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, Supplement No. 7, 1–92.

* White IM, Elson-Harris MM (1992) Fruit flies of economic significance: their identification and bionomics. CABI Wallingford (GB), 601 pp.

* Xia Y, Ma XL, Hou BH, Ouyang GC (2018) A review of Bactrocera minax (Diptera: Tephritidae) in China for the purpose of safeguarding. Advances in Entomology 6, 35-61.
------- High incidence of the pest on this host in parts of China.

Citrus leaf blotch virus (as Citrus) (CLBV00) Major host
Citrus yellow vein clearing virus (CSYV00) Major host
Citrus yellow vein clearing virus (as Citrus) (CSYV00) Major host
Diaphorina citri (DIAACI) Major host
* Westbrook CJ, Hall DG, Stover E, Duan YP, Lee RF (2011) Colonization of Citrus and Citrus-related germplasm by Diaphorina citri (Hemiptera: Psyllidae). HortScience, 46(7), 997-1005.
------- confirmed host (as C. maxima and C. maxima var racemosa)
Paraleyrodes minei (as Citrus) (PARYMI) Major host
* Sundararaj R, Krishnan S, Sumalatha BV (2021) Invasion and expansion of exotic whiteflies (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) in India and their economic importance. Phytoparasitica 49(5), 851-863.
Pseudococcus viburni (as Citrus) (PSECOB) Major host
Trioza erytreae (TRIZER) Major host
* Aubert B (1987) Trioza erytreae Del Guercio and Diaphorina citri Kuwayama (Homoptera: Psylloidea), the two vectors of citrus greening disease: biological aspects and possible control strategies. Fruits, 42, 149-162.
------- confirmed host.
Trioza erytreae (as Citrus) (TRIZER) Major host
Xanthomonas citri pv. aurantifolii (as Citrus) (XANTAU) Major host