EPPO Global Database

Coconut cadang-cadang viroid(CCCVD0)

Distribution details in Malaysia

Current pest situation evaluated by EPPO on the basis of information dated 2020: Present, restricted distribution
EPPO Reporting Service (2010/120) : closely related viroids could be detected in samples of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) collected from a commercial plantation in Malaysia. However, further studies are needed to confirm that the viroid found is indeed CCCVd.

Later confirmed by other publications.
* Madihah AZ, Maizatul-Suriza M, Idris AS (2020) Reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) for detection of coconut cadang-cadang viroid (CCCVd) variants in oil palm. Journal of Oil Palm Research 32, 453-463.
------- Isolates from Kuala Selangor (West Malaysia).

* Thanarajoo SS, Kong LL, Kadir J, Lau WH, Vadamalai G (2014) Detection of Coconut cadang-cadang viroid (CCCVd) in oil palm by reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP). Journal of Virological Methods 202, 19-23.

* Vadamalai G, Hanold D, Rezaian MA, Randles JW (2006) Variants of Coconut cadang-cadang viroid isolated from an African oil palm (Elaies guineensis Jacq.) in Malaysia. Archives of Virology 151, 1447-1456.

* Vadamalai G, Perera AAFLK, Hanold D, Rezaian MA, Randles JW (2009) Detection of Coconut cadang-cadang viroid sequences in oil and coconut palm by ribonuclease protection assay. Annals of Applied Biology 154(1), 117-125.

* Wu YH, Cheong LC, Meon S, Lau WH, Kong LL, Joseph H & Vadamalai G (2013) Characterization of Coconut cadang-cadang viroid variants from oil palm affected by orange spotting disease in Malaysia. Archives of Virology 158, 1407–1410.