EPPO Global Database

Brassica napus(BRSNN)

Code created in: 2004-04-10

Basic information
  • EPPO Code: BRSNN
  • Preferred name: Brassica napus
  • Authority: Linnaeus


Probably originated as a hybrid between B. oleracea and B. rapa, but area of origin uncertain. It has probably existed as a weed in Europe since ancient times. The type subspecies is the widely cultivated plant developed from it, for the production of oilseed. The English name "canola" is given to cultivars with a low erucic acid content, but is also used in the same way for other Brassica oil crops. Draft genome sequence published in 2009.

Other scientific names
Name Authority
Brassica campestris subsp. biennis Schübler & G. Martens
Brassica campestris var. oleifera de Candolle
Brassica napus subsp. napus Linnaeus
Brassica napus subsp. oleifera (de Candolle) Metzger
Brassica napus var. arvensis (Lamarck) Thellung
Brassica napus var. biennis (Schübler & G. Martens) Reichenbach
Brassica napus var. oleifera (Mönch) Delile

Common names
Name Language
coleseed English
colza English
oilseed rape English
rape English
rapeseed English (US)
swede English
Raps German
chou navet French
colza French
colza Spanish
colza guacha Spanish (AR)
nabiza Spanish
nabo Spanish
cavolo navone Italian
colza Italian
ravizzone Italian
koolzaad Dutch
colza Portuguese
nabiça Portuguese
nabo Portuguese
tornepo Portuguese
raps Swedish
seiyô-aburana Japanese
セイヨウアブラナ Japanese
брюква Russian
капуста брюква Russian
капуста масличная Russian
рапс Russian
raps Danish
raps Norwegian
lanttu Finnish
kolza Turkish
lefet shvedit Hebrew
לֶפֶת שְׁוֶדִית Hebrew
rzepak Polish
olajrepce Hungarian
lakër Albanian
left Arabic
harbia Basque
бяла рапс Bulgarian
рапс Bulgarian
nap Catalan
ōu zhōu yóu cài Chinese
欧洲油菜 Chinese
repica  Croatian
brukev řepka Czech
gulrófa Icelandic
repja Icelandic
ráib Irish
유채 Korean
yu chae Korean
rapsai Lithuanian
arràbe Occitan
nabét Occitan
nàp Occitan
nàpou Occitan
nàts Occitan
broajbă Romanian
nap Romanian
tiuş Romanian
репица Serbian
kapusta repková Slovak
navadna ogrščica Slovene
ріпак Ukrainian