EPPO Global Database

Brassica napus(BRSNN)

Last modification: 2004-04-10

Basic information
  • EPPO code: BRSNN
  • Preferred name: Brassica napus
  • Authority: Linnaeus


Probably originated as a hybrid between B. oleracea and B. rapa, but area of origin uncertain. It has probably existed as a weed in Europe since ancient times. The type subspecies is the widely cultivated plant developed from it, for the production of oilseed. The English name "canola" is given to cultivars with a low erucic acid content, but is also used in the same way for other Brassica oil crops

Draft genome sequence published in 2009

WSSA list of weeds in North America

Other scientific names
Name Authority
Brassica campestris de Candolle
Brassica campestris subsp. biennis Schübler & G. Martens
Brassica campestris var. oleifera de Candolle
Brassica napus subsp. napus Linnaeus
Brassica napus subsp. oleifera (de Candolle) Metzger
Brassica napus var. arvensis (Lamarck) Thellung
Brassica napus var. biennis (Schübler & G. Martens) Reichenbach
Brassica napus var. oleifera (Mönch) Delile

Common names
Name Language
left Arabic
бяла рапс Bulgarian
рапс Bulgarian
nap Catalan
brukev řepka Czech
raps Danish
Raps German
coleseed English
colza English
oilseed rape English
rape English
rapeseed English (US)
swede English
colza Spanish
colza guacha Spanish (AR)
nabiza Spanish
nabo Spanish
lanttu Finnish
colza French
lefet shvedit Hebrew
לֶפֶת שְׁוֶדִית Hebrew
repica  Croatian
olajrepce Hungarian
gulrófa Icelandic
repja Icelandic
cavolo navone Italian
colza Italian
ravizzone Italian
セイヨウアブラナ Japanese
seiyô-aburana Japanese
koolzaad Dutch
raps Norwegian
rzepak Polish
colza Portuguese
nabiça Portuguese
tornepo Portuguese
broajbă Romanian
nap Romanian
tiuş Romanian
брюква Russian
капуста брюква Russian
капуста масличная Russian
рапс Russian
kapusta repková Slovak
navadna ogrščica Slovene
lakër Albanian
репица Serbian
raps Swedish
kolza Turkish
ріпак Ukrainian
ōu zhōu yóu cài Chinese
欧洲油菜 Chinese