EPPO Global Database

Betula papyrifera(BETPA)

Pests

Organism Type
Agrilus anxius (as Betula) (AGRLAX) Host
Anoplophora glabripennis (as Betula) (ANOLGL) Host
* Sjöman H, Östberg J & Nilsson J (2014) Review of host trees for the wood-boring pests Anoplophora glabripennis and Anoplophora chinensis: an urban forest perspective. Arboriculture & Urban Forestry 40(3), 143–164.
Apple mosaic virus (APMV00) Host
Choristoneura conflictana (ARCHCO) Host
* Prentice RM (1966) Volume 4. Microlepidoptera. In: Forest Lepidoptera of Canada recorded by the Forest Insect Survey. Department of Forestry, Canada, Publication 1142 (1965), 543–840.
Choristoneura rosaceana (CHONRO) Host
* Prentice RM (1966) Vol. 4. Microlepidoptera. In: Forest Lepidoptera of Canada recorded by the Forest Insect Survey. Department of Forestry Canada, Publication 1142 (1965), 543–840.
Chrysobothris femorata (CHRBFE) Host
* Wellso SG & Manley GV (2007) A revision of the Chrysobothris femorata (Olivier, 1790) species group from North America, north of Mexico (Coleoptera: Buprestidae). Zootaxa, 26(1652), 1–26.
Diabrotica virgifera zeae (as Betula) (DIABVZ) Host
* Clark SM, LeDoux DG, Seeno TN, Riley EG, Gilbert AJ, Sullivan JM (2004) Host plants of leaf beetle species occurring in the United States and Canada (Coleoptera: Megalopodidae, Orsodacnidae, Chrysomelidae, excluding Bruchinae). Coleopterists Society, Special Publication 2, 615 pp.
------- Adult host.
Lambdina fiscellaria (LAMBFI) Host
* Iqbal J, MacLean SA and Kershaw JA (2011) Impacts of hemlock looper defoliation on growth and survival of balsam fir, black spruce and white birch in Newfoundland, Canada. Forest Ecology and Management 261: 1106-1114. 
------- Lambdina fiscellaria fiscellaria
Lepidosaphes ussuriensis (as Betula) (LEPSUS) Host
Lopholeucaspis japonica (as Betula) (LOPLJA) Host
Lycorma delicatula (LYCMDE) Host
* Barringer L, Ciafré CM (2020) Worldwide feeding host plants of spotted lanternfly, with significant additions from North America. Environmental Entomology 49(5), 999–1011.
Lymantria mathura (as Betula) (LYMAMA) Host
Malacosoma americanum (MALAAM) Host
Malacosoma disstria (as Betula) (MALADI) Host
Operophtera brumata (as Betula) (CHEIBR) Host
Parabemisia myricae (as Betula) (PRABMY) Host
Phytophthora cactorum (as Betula) (PHYTCC) Host
* Shestibratov KA, Baranov OY, Subbotina NM, Lebedev VG, Panteleev SV, Krutovsky KV, Padutov VE (2018) Early Detection and Identification of the Main Fungal Pathogens for Resistance Evaluation of New Genotypes of Forest Trees. Forests 9, 732.
------- confirmed host
Thaumetopoea processionea (as Betula) (THAUPR) Host
* Stigter H, Geraedts WHJM, Spijkers HCP (1997) Thaumetopoea processionea in the Netherlands: Present status and management perspectives (Lepidoptera: Notodontidae). Proceedings of the Section Experimental and Applied Entomology of the Netherlands Entomological Society (N.E.V.) 3-16. 
------- Occasional larval feeding.
Trichoferus campestris (as Betula) (HESOCA) Host
* CAPS (2019) Trichoferus campestris. Cooperative Agricultural Pest Survey pest datasheets. http://download.ceris.purdue.edu/file/3869
------- Dry wood host.

* Iwata R & Yamada F (1990) Notes on the biology of Hesperophanes campestris, a drywood borer in Japan. Material und Organismen 25, 305–313.
------- Dry wood host.

* Lim J, Jung SY, Lim JS, Jang J, Kim KM, Lee YM, Lee BW (2014) A review of host plants of Cerambycidae (Coleoptera: Chrysomeloidea) with new host records for fourteen Cerambycids, including the Asian longhorn beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis Motschulsky), in Korea. Korean Journal of Applied Entomology 53, 111-133.
------- Living host.
Trirachys sartus (as Betula) (AELSSA) Host
Xylosandrus germanus (as Betula) (XYLBGE) Host
Xylotrechus namanganensis (as Betula) (XYLONM) Host
Agrilus anxius (AGRLAX) Major host
* Katovich SA, Munson SA, Ball J & McCullough D (2000) Bronze birch borer. Forest Insect & Disease Leaflet. 111 (revised). U.S. Dep. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Washington, DC.

* Nielsen DG, Muilenburg VL & Herms DA (2011) Comparative resistance of Asian, European, and North American birch (Betula) spp. to bronze birch borer (Coleoptera: Buprestidae). Environmental Entomology 40, 648-653.

* Santamour FS (1999) Progress in the development of borer-resistant white-barked birches. Journal of Arboriculture 25(3), 151-162.
Anoplophora chinensis (as Betula) (ANOLCN) Major host
* Sjöman H, Östberg J & Nilsson J (2014) Review of host trees for the wood-boring pests Anoplophora glabripennis and Anoplophora chinensis: an urban forest perspective. Arboriculture & Urban Forestry 40(3), 143–164.
Malacosoma disstria (MALADI) Major host
Orgyia leucostigma (HEMELE) Major host
* Morris, R. F. (1980). Butterflies and moths of Newfoundland and Labrador. The Macrolepidoptera. Publication 1691. Agriculture Canada, Minister of Supply and Services. 407 pp

* Van Driesche RG, LaForest JH, Bargeron CT, Reardon RC, Herlihy M (2012) Forest Pest Insects in North America: a Photographic Guide. USDA Forest Service. Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team. Morgantown, WV. FHTET-2012-02.

 * Wallner WE & McManus KA (1989) Proceedings, Lymantriidae: a comparison of features of New and Old World tussock moths; 1988 June 26-July 1; New Haven, CT. Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-123. Broomall, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station. 554 p. https://doi.org/10.2737/NE-GTR-123
Orgyia leucostigma (as Betula) (HEMELE) Major host
* Dedes J (2014). Whitemarked tussock moth (Orgyia leucostigma). Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Great Lakes Forestry Centre, Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario. Insect Production Services 2 p. https://cfs.nrcan.gc.ca/publications?id=35692 

* Wallner WE & McManus KA (1989) Proceedings, Lymantriidae: a comparison of features of New and Old World tussock moths; 1988 June 26-July 1; New Haven, CT. Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-123. Broomall, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station. 554 p. https://doi.org/10.2737/NE-GTR-123

* Webster RL (1916) The white-marked tussock-moth. Circular. Paper 33. https://lib.dr.iastate.edu/iaes_circulars/39
Comstockaspis perniciosa (as Betula) (QUADPE) Wild/Weed