EPPO Global Database

Beta vulgaris(BEAVX)


Organism Type
Meloidogyne ethiopica (MELGET) Doubtful host
Later research showed that the species in Slovenia was not Meloidogyne  ethiopica but Meloidogyne luci.
* Strajnar P, Širca S, Knapič M & Urek G (2011) Effect of Slovenian climatic conditions on the development and survival of the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne ethiopica. European Journal of Plant Pathology 129, 81-88
Carlavirus vignae (CPMMV0) Experimental
* Thouvenel JC, Monsarrat A, Fauquet C (1982) Isolation of cowpea mild mottle virus from diseased soybeans in the Ivory Coast. Plant Disease 66(4), 336-337.
Cheravirus arracaciae oca strain (as Chenopodioideae) (AVBO00) Experimental
Heterodera glycines (HETDGL) Experimental
* Riggs RD, Hamblen ML (1966) Further studies on the host range of the soybean-cyst. Bulletin of the Agricultural Experiment Station no. 718. University of Arkansas, Fayetteville (US), 19 pp.
------- Host range experiments.
Hordeivirus hordei (BSMV00) Experimental
Nepovirus solani (PBRSV0) Experimental
* Salazar LF, Harrison BD (1978) Host range and properties of potato black ringspot virus. Annals of Applied Biology 90, 375-386.
------- PBRSV.
Orthotospovirus impatiensnecromaculae (INSV00) Experimental
* El-Deen Abd El-Wahab AS, Abdel-Kader El-Sheikh M, Elnagar S (2011) First record of Frankliniella occidentalis and Impatiens necrotic spot virus in Egypt. Journal of Life Sciences 5, 690-696.
Rhynchophorus palmarum (RHYCPA) Experimental
* Hagley EAC (1965) On the life history and habits of the palm weevil, Rhynchophorus palmarum. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 58(1), 22-28.
------- Adult feeding.

* Wattanapongsiri A (1966) A revision of the genera Rhynchophorus and Dynamis. Department of Agricultural Science Bulletin, Bangkok, Thailand.
Tepovirus tafsolani (PVT000) Experimental
* Salazar LF, Harrison BD (1978) Host range, purification and properties of potato virus T. Annals of Applied Biology 89, 223-235.
Tobacco streak ilarvirus potato strain (as Chenopodioideae) (TSVP00) Experimental
Xanthomonas phaseoli pv. phaseoli (XANTPH) Experimental
* Bradbury JF (1986) Guide to plant pathogenic bacteria. CAB international, Walllingford, UK.
Athalia rosae (ATALCO) Host
Bagrada hilaris (BAGRHI) Host
'Candidatus Phytoplasma solani' (PHYPSO) Host
* Ćurčić Ž, Stepanović J, Zübert C, Taški-Ajduković K, Kosovac A, Rekanović E,  Kube M, Duduk B (2021) Rubbery taproot disease of sugar beet in Serbia associated with ‘Candidatus Phytoplasma solani’. Plant Disease 105(2), 255-263.

* Ember I, Acs Z, Munyaneza JE, Crosslin JM, Kolber M (2011) Survey and molecular detection of phytoplasmas associated with potato in Romania and southern Russia. European Journal of Plant Pathology 130(3), 367-377.
Clavibacter sepedonicus (CORBSE) Host
* Bugbee WM, Gudmestad NC, Secor GA & Nolte P (1987) Sugar beet as a symptomless host for Corynebacterium sepedonicum. Phytopathology 77(5), 765-770.
------- Natural host; seems to depend on cultivar.

* Ignatov AN, Panycheva JS, Spechenkova N, Taliansky (2018) First report of Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus infecting sugar beet in Russia. Plant Disease 102(12), p 2634. https://doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-04-18-0693-PDN
------- Natural host; seems to depend on cultivar.
Conoderus rufangulus (CONORU) Host
Crinivirus lactucaflavi (LIYV00) Host
* Duffus JE, Larsen RC, Liu HY (1986) Lettuce infectious yellows virus - a new type of whitefly-transmitted virus. Phytopathology 76(1), 97-100.

* Duffus JE, Liu HY, Wisler GC, Li RH (1996) Lettuce chlorosis virus - a new whitefly-transmitted closterovirus. European Journal of Plant Pathology 102(6), 591-596.
Diabrotica undecimpunctata howardi (DIABUH) Host
* Clark SM, LeDoux DG, Seeno TN, Riley EG, Gilbert AJ, Sullivan JM (2004) Host plants of leaf beetle species occurring in the United States and Canada (Coleoptera: Megalopodidae, Orsodacnidae, Chrysomelidae, excluding Bruchinae). Coleopterists Society, Special Publication 2, 1-476.
------- Larval host.
Diabrotica undecimpunctata undecimpunctata (DIABUN) Host
* Clark SM, LeDoux DG, Seeno TN, Riley EG, Gilbert AJ, Sullivan JM (2004) Host plants of leaf beetle species occurring in the United States and Canada (Coleoptera: Megalopodidae, Orsodacnidae, Chrysomelidae, excluding Bruchinae). Coleopterists Society, Special Publication 2, 1-476.
-------- Larval and adult host.
Ditylenchus destructor (DITYDE) Host
Ditylenchus dipsaci (DITYDI) Host
* Andaloussi FA, Bachikh J (2001) Studies on the host range of Ditylenchus dipsaci in Morocco. Nematologia Mediterranea 29, 51-57.

* Hooper D.J (1972) Ditylenchus dipsaci. CIH Descriptions of Plant-parasitic Nematodes Set 1, No. 14.

* Storelli A, Kiewnick S, Daub M, Mahlein AK, Schumann M, Beyer W, Keiser A (2021) Virulence and pathogenicity of four Ditylenchus dipsaci populations on sugar beet. European Journal of Plant Pathology 161, 63–71. 

* Goodey JB, Franklin MT, Hooper DJ (1965) T. Goodey's: The Nematode Parasites of Plants Catalogued Under Their Hosts. Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux, Farnham Royal, Bucks, England. Third edition, 214 pp.
Elasmopalpus lignosellus (ELASLI) Host
* Gill HK, Capinera JL, McSorley R (2017) Featured Creatures. Lesser cornstalk borer. Elasmopalpus lignosellus (Zeller) (Insecta: lepidoptera: Pyralidae). University of Florida (US). http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/creatures/field/lesser_cornstalk_borer.htm
Epitrix tuberis (EPIXTU) Host
* Clark SM,  LeDoux DG, Seeno TN,  Riley EG,  Gilbert AJ, Sullivan JM (2004) Host plants of leaf beetle species occurring in the United States and Canada.  Special Publications of the Coleopterists Society, 2, 476 pp.
------- feeding of adults

* Neilson CL, Finlayson DG (1953) Notes on the biology of the tuber flea beetle, Epitrix tuberis Gentner (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) in the interior of British Colombia. The Canadian Entomologist 85:31-32.
------- feeding of adults
Erthesina fullo (ERTNFU) Host
* Mi Q, Zhang J, Gould E, Chen J, Sun Z, Zhang F (2020) Biology, ecology, and management of Erthesina fullo (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae): A review. Insects 11, 346. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects11060346
Erwinia rhapontici (ERWIRH) Host
* Hassanzadeh N (1993) Taxonomic study on some bacterial plant pathogens in Iran. Applied Entomology and Phytopathology 60(1/2), 17-18.

* Huang HC, Hsieh TF, Erickson RS (2003) Biology and epidemiology of Erwinia rhapontici, causal agent of pink seed and crown rot of plants. Plant Pathology Bulletin 12, 69-76.
Frankliniella occidentalis (FRANOC) Host
Helicoverpa armigera (HELIAR) Host
* Cunningham JP, Zalucki MP (2014) Understanding heliothine (Lepidoptera: Heliothinae) pests: what is a host plant? Journal of Economic Entomology 107, 881–896.
Leucinodes orbonalis (LEUIOR) Host
Liriomyza huidobrensis (LIRIHU) Host
* Andersen A, An TTT, Nordhus E (2008) Distribution and importance of polyphagous Liriomyza species (Diptera: Agromyzidae) in vegetables in Vietnam. Norwegian Journal of Entomology 55, 149-164.

* Echevarria A, Gimeno C, Jimenez R (1994) Liriomyza huidobrensis (Blanchard, 1926) (Diptera: Agromyzidae) una nueva plaga en cultivos valencianos. Boletin de Sanidad Vegetal. Plagas 20, 103-109.

* Foba CN, Salifu D, Lagat ZP, Gitonga LM, Akutse KS, Fiaboe KKM (2015) Species composition, distribution and seasonal abundance of Liriomyza leafminers (Diptera: Agromyzidae) under different vegetable production systems and agroecological zones in Kenya. Environmental Entomology 44, 223-232.

* Hidalgo JE, Carballo VM (1991) Influence of weeds on the natural control agents of Liriomyza huidobrensis (Blanchard), (Diptera: Agromyzidae). Manejo Integrado de Plagas 20-21, 49-54.

* Korytkowski C (1982) Contribución al conocimiento de los Agromyzidae (Diptera: Acalyptratae) en el Perú. MS Thesis, Universidad Nacional Agraria, La Molina, Lima, 237 pp.

* Nakamura S, Masuda T, Mochizuki A, Konishi K, Tokumaru S, Ueno K, Yamaguchi T (2013) Primer design for identifying economically important Liriomyza species (Diptera: Agromyzidae) by multiplex PCR. Molecular Ecology Resources 13, 96-102.

* Rauf A, Shepard BM, Johnson MW (2000) Leafminers in vegetables, ornamental plants and weeds in Indonesia: surveys of host crops, species composition and parasitoids. International Journal of Pest Management 46, 257-266.
------- Confirmed host. Reared from infested leaves collected in the field.

* Scheffer SJ, Wiejesekara A, Visser D, Hallett RH (2001) Polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment-length polymorphism method to distinguish Liriomyza huidobrensis from L. langei (Diptera: Agromyzidae) applied to three recent leafminer invasions. Journal of Economic Entomology 94, 1177-1182.

* Spencer KA (1973) Agromyzidae (Diptera) of Economic Importance. Series Entomologica 9. Junk, The Hague, The Netherlands, 418 pp.

* Valladares G, Salvo A, Saini E (2011) Moscas minadoras del girasol y sus enemigos naturales. Revista de Investigaciones Agropecuarias 37, 180-188.
------- As Beta vulgaris vulgaris.

* Weintraub PG, Scheffer SJ, Visser D, Valladares G, Soares Correa A, Shepard BM, Rauf A, Murphy ST, Mujica N, MacVean C, Kroschel J (2017) The invasive Liriomyza huidobrensis (Diptera: Agromyzidae): understanding its pest status and management globally. Journal of Insect Science 17(1), 1-27. https://doi.org/10.1093/jisesa/iew134
Liriomyza trifolii (LIRITR) Host
* Stegmaier CE Jr (1966) Host plants and parasites of Liriomyza trifolii in Florida (Diptera: Agromyzidae). The Florida Entomologist 49(2), 75-80.
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (PHENHI) Host
* Chang LWH, Miller CE (1996) Pathway Risk Assessment: Pink mealybug from the Caribbean. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture 61 pp.
Meloidogyne chitwoodi (MELGCH) Host
* Santo GS, O'Bannon JH, Finley AM, Golden AM (1980) Occurrence and host range of a new root-knot nematode (Meloidogyne chitwoodi) in the Pacific northwest. Plant Disease 64, 951-952.
Meloidogyne enterolobii (MELGMY) Host
* Rodriguez MG, Sanchez L, Rowe J (2003) Host status of agriculturally important plant families to the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne mayaguensis in Cuba. Nematropica, 33(2), 125-130
------- greenhouse study
Meloidogyne graminicola (MELGGC) Host
* Rusinque L, Maleita C, Abrantes I, Palomares-Rius JE, Inácio ML (2021) Meloidogyne graminicola - A threat to rice production: review update on distribution, biology, identification, and management. Biology 10, 1163. https://doi.org/10.3390/biology10111163
Meloidogyne luci (MELGLC) Host
* Sen F, Aydinli (2021) Host status of cultivated crops to Meloidogyne luci. European Journal of Plant Pathology 161(3), 607-618.
------- In experiments, cv. Ansa was found to be an excellent host.
Meloidogyne naasi (MELGNA) Host
Naupactus leucoloma (GRAGLE) Host
* Lanteri AA, Marvaldi AE, Suárez SM (2002) Gorgojos de la Argentina y sus plantas huéspedes. Tomo I: Apionidae y Curculionidae. Publicación Especial de la Sociedad Entomológica Argentina 1, 98 pp.
Naupactus xanthographus (NAUPXA) Host
* EPPO (2020) Pest risk analysis for Naupactus xanthographus. EPPO, Paris. Available at https://gd.eppo.int/taxon/NAUPXA/documents
------- adult feeding.

* INIA (2008) Manejo de plagas en paltos y cítricos, No 23. ed Renato Ripa and Pilar Larral

* Ripa R, F Rodríguez (1999) Plagas de citricos, sus enemigos naturales Y Manejo, INIA, Santiago, Chile. 

Neocamarosporium betae (PLEOBJ) Host
Nepovirus arabis (ARMV00) Host
Nepovirus nigranuli (TBRV00) Host
Orthotospovirus tomatomaculae (TSWV00) Host
* Parrella G, Gognalons P, Gebre-Selassie K, Vovlas C, Marchoux G (2003) An update of the host range of tomato spotted wilt virus. Journal of Plant Pathology 85(4), 227-264.
------- Confirmed host.
Pentastiridius leporinus (PNSTLE) Host
* Pfitzer R, Varrelmann M, Schrameyer K, Rostás M (2022) Life history traits and a method for continuous mass rearing of the planthopper Pentastiridius leporinus, a vector of the causal agent of syndrome ‘basses richesses’ in sugar beet. Pest Management Science. 78(11), 4700-4708.
Phaedon brassicae (PHAEBR) Host
Phthorimaea operculella (PHTOOP) Host
* Rondon SI, Gao Y (2018) The journey of the potato tuberworm around the world. In Perveen K (ed) Moths: Pests of potato, maize and sugar beet. IntechOpen, 17-52. http://dx.doi.org/10.5772/intechopen.81934
------- Beta vulgaris var.  saccharifera.
Phyllotreta cruciferae (PHYECR) Host
Phymatotrichopsis omnivora (PHMPOM) Host
* Anonymous (1960) Index of Plant Diseases in the United States. Agriculture Handbook no 165, USDA-ARS (US) 531 pp.
Phytophthora cryptogea (PHYTCR) Host
Platynota stultana (PLAAST) Host
* Hoover GA, Biddinger DJ (2014) Omnivorous leafroller, Platynota stultana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Penn State Extension Pest Alert. https://ento.psu.edu/files/omnivorous-leafroller/view

* Nelson RH (1936) Observations on the life history of Platynota stultana Wlsm. on greenhouse rose. Journal of Economic Entomology 29, 306–312.
Spodoptera eridania (PRODER) Host
* Montezano DG, Specht A, Sosa-Gomez DR, Roque-Specht VF & de Barros NM (2014) Immature stages of Spodoptera eridania (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae): developmental parameters and host plants. Journal of Insect Science 14, 238. https://doi.org/10.1093/jisesa/ieu122
Spodoptera frugiperda (LAPHFR) Host
* Montezano DG, Specht A, Sosa-Gómez DR, Roque-Specht VF, Sousa-Silva JC, Paula-Moraes SV, Peterson JA, Hunt T (2018) Host plants of Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in the Americas. African Entomology 26, 286-300.
------ As Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris.
Spodoptera littoralis (SPODLI) Host
* Dimetry NZ (1972) Further studies on the host plant preference of Spodoptera littoralis Boisd. (Lepid., Noctuidae). Zeitschrift fur Angewandte Entomologie 71(4), 350-355 (abst.).

* El-Fergani YA (2019) Field evaluation of selected oxadiazine insecticide and bacterial bio-insecticides against cotton leafworm, Spodoptera littoralis (Boisduval) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) infesting sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L). Egyptian Journal of Agricultural Research 97(1), 137-145.

* Mohamed HA, Alkordy MW, Atta AA (2019) Effect of host plants on biology of Spodoptera littoralis (Boisd.). Egyptian Academic Journal of Biological Sciences 12(6), 65-73. 

* Zaki FN, Abdel-Raheem MA (2010) Use of entomopathogenic fungi and insecticide against some insect pests attacking peanuts and sugarbeet in Egypt. Archives of Phytopathology and Plant Protection 43(18), 1819-1828.
Spodoptera ornithogalli (PRODOR) Host
* Brito R, Specht A, Gonçalves GL, Moreira GRP, Carneiro E, Santos FL, Roque-Specht VF, Mielke OHH, Casagrande MM (2019) Spodoptera marima: a new synonym of Spodoptera ornithogalli (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), with notes on adult morphology, host plant use and genetic variation along its geographic range. Neotropical Entomology 48(3), 433-448.

* Capinera JL (2017) Yellowstriped Armyworm, Spodoptera ornithogalli (Guenée) (Insecta: Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Department of Entomology and Nematology, University of Florida /IFAS Extension, EENY216, 4p. https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pdffiles/IN/IN37300.pdf

* Comstock JA (1965) Ciclo biologico de Prodenia ornithogalli Guenée (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Serie Zoologia 36, 199-202.

* Crumb SE (1929) Tobacco cutworms. USDA Technical Bulletin 88, p 179.

* Heppner JB (2007) Lepidoptera of Florida. Part 1. Introduction and catalog. Gainesville, Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services, p 670.

* Robinson GS, Ackery PR, Kitching IJ, Beccaloni GW, Hernández LM (2010) HOSTS - A Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants. Natural History Museum, London. http://www.nhm.ac.uk/hosts

* Tietz HM (1972) An index to the described life histories, early stages and hosts of the Macrolepidoptera of the continental United States and Canada, 536 pp.
Spodoptera praefica (PRODPR) Host
* Berry RE (1998) Western yellowstriped armyworm. Spodoptera praefica. Insects and Mites or Economic Importance in the Northwest. Oregon State University Bookstore, p 221 (online modified version). http://uspest.org/potato/wystriparmyworm.pdf

* British Columbia Ministry of Agriculture. Western yellowstriped armyworm (Spodoptera praefica). https://rdno.civicweb.net/document/127358/western-yellowstriped-armyworm.pdf?handle=3CD053B4F8D54F9CBB93F8D6D5572C27

* Robinson GS, Ackery PR, Kitching IJ, Beccaloni GW & Hernández LM (2010) HOSTS - A database of the World's lepidopteran hostplants. Natural History Museum, London. http://www.nhm.ac.uk/hosts
Tetranychus evansi (TETREV) Host
* Aucejo S, Foo M, Gimeno E, Gomez-Cadenas A, Monfort R, Obiol F, Prades E, Ramis M, Ripolles JL, Tirado V, Zaragoza L, Jacas JA, Martinez-Ferrer MT (2003) Management of Tetranychus urticae in citrus in Spain: acarofauna associated to weeds. Bulletin OILB/SROP, 26: 213-220.
Thrips angusticeps (THRIAN) Host
Tobravirus tabaci (TRV000) Host
* Dikova B (2006) Identification of Tobacco rattle virus (TRV) in sugar beet in Bulgaria, Biotechnology & Biotechnological Equipment 20(3), 49-59.
Tombusvirus lycopersici (TBSV00) Host
* Ramachandran V, Wyatt N, Rivera Santiago E, Barth H, Bloomquist M, Weiland J, Bolton M (2022) First report of Tomato bushy stunt virus naturally infecting sugar beet in the United States. Plant Disease ('early view). https://doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-11-22-2530-PDN
Trichodorus viruliferus (TRIHVI) Host
Tuta absoluta (GNORAB) Host
Agrotis segetum (AGROSE) Major host
Asproparthenis punctiventris (CLEOPU) Major host
Autographa gamma (PYTOGA) Major host
Beet leaf curl virus (BLCV00) Major host
Benyvirus necrobetae (BNYVV0) Major host
* Putz C, Merdinoglu D, Lemaire O, Stocky G, Valentin P, Wiedemann S (1990) Beet necrotic yellow vein virus, causal agent of sugarbeet rhizomania. Review of Plant Pathology 69, 247-254. 
'Candidatus Arsenophonus phytopathogenicus' (ARSEPH) Major host
* Bressan A, Sémétey O, Nusillard B, Clair D, Boudon-Padieu E (2008) Insect vectors (Hemiptera: Cixiidae) and pathogens associated with the disease syndrome ‘Basses Richesses’ of sugar beet in France. Plant Disease 92(1), 113-119.

* Gatineau F, Jacob N, Vautrin S, Larrue J, Lherminier J, Richard-Molard M, Boudon-Padieu E (2002) Association with the syndrome ‘Basses Richesses’ of sugar beet of a phytoplasma and a bacterium-like organism transmitted by a Pentastiridius sp. Phytopathology 92(4), 384-392.
Circulifer tenellus (CIRCTE) Major host
Crinivirus lactucachlorosi (LCV000) Major host
* Duffus JE, Liu HY, Wisler GC, Li R (1996) Lettuce chlorosis virus — A new whitefly-transmitted closterovirus. European Journal of Plant Pathology 102, 591–596.
Curtovirus betae (BCTV00) Major host
* Strausbaugh CA, Eujayl IA, Wintermantel WM (2017)  Beet curly top virus strains associated with sugar beet in Idaho, Oregon, and a Western U.S. collection. Plant Disease 101, 1373-1382.
Heterodera schachtii (HETDSC) Major host
* Huan PE, Hui LI, Li GA, Jiang R, Li GK, Gao HF, Wei WU, Jun WA, Zhang Y, Huang WK, Kong LA (2022) Identification of Heterodera schachtii on sugar beet in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region of China. Journal of Integrative Agriculture 21(6), 1694-702. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2095-3119(21)63797-8
Limonius californicus (LIMOCF) Major host
* Rashed A, Rogers CW, Rashidi M, Marshall JM (2017) Sugar beet wireworm Limonius californicus damage to wheat and barley: evaluations of plant damage with respect to soil media, seeding depth, and diatomaceous earth application. Arthropod-Plant Interactions 11(2), 147-154.
Lixus juncii (LIXUJU) Major host
* Germann C & Breitenmoser S (2020) Lixus juncii Boheman, 1835 – confirmation de sa présence en Suisse (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Entomo Helvetica 13: 155–158.
Meloidogyne fallax (MELGFA) Major host
* Yu MH (2001) Registration of M6-1 root-knot nematode resistant sugarbeet germplasm. Crop Science 41, 278-279.
Nacobbus aberrans sensu lato (NACOBA) Major host
* Manzanilla-López RH, Costilla MA, Doucet M, Inserra RN, Lehman PS, Cid del Prado-Vera I, Souza RM, Evans K (2002) The genus Nacobbus Thorne & Allen, 1944 (Nematoda: Pratylenchidae): systematics, distribution, biology and management. Nematropica 32, 149-226.
Scrobipalpa ocellatella (PHTOOC) Major host
Beet leaf curl virus (as Beta) (BLCV00) Wild/Weed
Spiroplasma citri (as Chenopodioideae) (SPIRCI) Wild/Weed