EPPO Global Database

Beta vulgaris(BEAVX)


Organism Type
Andean potato latent virus (as Chenopodioideae) (APLV00) Experimental
Arracacha virus B oca strain (as Chenopodioideae) (AVBO00) Experimental
Barley stripe mosaic virus (BSMV00) Experimental
Cowpea mild mottle virus (CPMMV0) Experimental
* Thouvenel JC, Monsarrat A, Fauquet C (1982) Isolation of cowpea mild mottle virus from diseased soybeans in the Ivory Coast. Plant Disease 66(4), 336-337.
Heterodera glycines (HETDGL) Experimental
Impatiens necrotic spot virus (INSV00) Experimental
* El-Deen Abd El-Wahab AS, Abdel-Kader El-Sheikh M, Elnagar S (2011) First record of Frankliniella occidentalis and Impatiens necrotic spot virus in Egypt. Journal of Life Sciences 5, 690-696.
Peach rosette mosaic virus (as Chenopodioideae) (PRMV00) Experimental
Potato black ringspot virus (PBRSV0) Experimental
* Salazar LF, Harrison BD (1978) Host range and properties of potato black ringspot virus. Annals of Applied Biology 90, 375-386.
------- PBRSV.
Potato virus T (PVT000) Experimental
* Salazar LF, Harrison BD (1978) Host range, purification and properties of potato virus T. Annals of Applied Biology 89, 223-235.
Rhynchophorus palmarum (RHYCPA) Experimental
* Hagley EAC (1965) On the life history and habits of the palm weevil, Rhynchophorus palmarum. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 58(1), 22-28.
------- Adult feeding.

* Wattanapongsiri A (1966) A revision of the genera Rhynchophorus and Dynamis. Department of Agricultural Science Bulletin, Bangkok, Thailand.
Tobacco streak ilarvirus potato strain (as Chenopodioideae) (TSVP00) Experimental
Xanthomonas phaseoli pv. phaseoli (XANTPH) Experimental
* Bradbury JF (1986) Guide to plant pathogenic bacteria. CAB international, Walllingford, UK.
Arabis mosaic virus (ARMV00) Host
Athalia rosae (ATALCO) Host
Bagrada hilaris (BAGRHI) Host
Beet curly top virus (as Chenopodioideae) (BCTV00) Host
'Candidatus Phytoplasma solani' (PHYPSO) Host
* Ćurčić Ž, Stepanović J, Zübert C, Taški-Ajduković K, Kosovac A, Rekanović E,  Kube M, Duduk B (2021) Rubbery taproot disease of sugar beet in Serbia associated with ‘Candidatus Phytoplasma solani’. Plant Disease 105(2), 255-263.

* Ember I, Acs Z, Munyaneza JE, Crosslin JM, Kolber M (2011) Survey and molecular detection of phytoplasmas associated with potato in Romania and southern Russia. European Journal of Plant Pathology 130(3), 367-377.
Clavibacter sepedonicus (CORBSE) Host
* Bugbee WM, Gudmestad NC, Secor GA & Nolte P (1987) Sugar beet as a symptomless host for Corynebacterium sepedonicum. Phytopathology 77(5), 765-770.
------- Natural host; seems to depend on cultivar.

* Ignatov AN, Panycheva JS, Spechenkova N, Taliansky (2018) First report of Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus infecting sugar beet in Russia. Plant Disease 102(12), p 2634. https://doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-04-18-0693-PDN
------- Natural host; seems to depend on cultivar.
Conoderus rufangulus (CONORU) Host
Diabrotica undecimpunctata howardi (DIABUH) Host
* Clark SM, LeDoux DG, Seeno TN, Riley EG, Gilbert AJ, Sullivan JM (2004) Host plants of leaf beetle species occurring in the United States and Canada (Coleoptera: Megalopodidae, Orsodacnidae, Chrysomelidae, excluding Bruchinae). Coleopterists Society, Special Publication 2, 1-476.
------- Larval host.
Diabrotica undecimpunctata undecimpunctata (DIABUN) Host
* Clark SM, LeDoux DG, Seeno TN, Riley EG, Gilbert AJ, Sullivan JM (2004) Host plants of leaf beetle species occurring in the United States and Canada (Coleoptera: Megalopodidae, Orsodacnidae, Chrysomelidae, excluding Bruchinae). Coleopterists Society, Special Publication 2, 1-476.
-------- Larval and adult host.
Ditylenchus destructor (DITYDE) Host
Elasmopalpus lignosellus (ELASLI) Host
* Gill HK, Capinera JL, McSorley R (2017) Featured Creatures. Lesser cornstalk borer. Elasmopalpus lignosellus (Zeller) (Insecta: lepidoptera: Pyralidae). University of Florida (US). http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/creatures/field/lesser_cornstalk_borer.htm
Epitrix tuberis (EPIXTU) Host
* Clark SM,  LeDoux DG, Seeno TN,  Riley EG,  Gilbert AJ, Sullivan JM (2004) Host plants of leaf beetle species occurring in the United States and Canada.  Special Publications of the Coleopterists Society, 2, 476 pp.
------- feeding of adults

* Neilson CL, Finlayson DG (1953) Notes on the biology of the tuber flea beetle, Epitrix tuberis Gentner (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) in the interior of British Colombia. The Canadian Entomologist 85:31-32.
------- feeding of adults
Erthesina fullo (ERTNFU) Host
* Mi Q, Zhang J, Gould E, Chen J, Sun Z, Zhang F (2020) Biology, ecology, and management of Erthesina fullo (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae): A review. Insects 11, 346. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects11060346
Erwinia rhapontici (ERWIRH) Host
* Hassanzadeh N (1993) Taxonomic study on some bacterial plant pathogens in Iran. Applied Entomology and Phytopathology 60(1/2), 17-18.

* Huang HC, Hsieh TF, Erickson RS (2003) Biology and epidemiology of Erwinia rhapontici, causal agent of pink seed and crown rot of plants. Plant Pathology Bulletin 12, 69-76.
Frankliniella occidentalis (FRANOC) Host
Helicoverpa armigera (HELIAR) Host
* Cunningham JP, Zalucki MP (2014) Understanding heliothine (Lepidoptera: Heliothinae) pests: what is a host plant? Journal of Economic Entomology 107, 881–896.
Lettuce infectious yellows virus (LIYV00) Host
Leucinodes orbonalis (LEUIOR) Host
Liriomyza huidobrensis (LIRIHU) Host
* Rauf A, Shepard BM, Johnson MW (2000) Leafminers in vegetables, ornamental plants and weeds in Indonesia: Surveys of host crops, species composition and parasitoids. International Journal of Pest Management 46, 257-266.
------- confirmed host. Reared from infested leaves collected in the field

* Weintraub PG, Scheffer SJ, Visser D, Valladares G, Soares Correa A, Shepard BM, Rauf A, Murphy ST, Mujica N, MacVean C, Kroschel J, Kishinevsky M, Joshi RC, Johansen NS, Hallett RH, Civelek HS, Chen B, Metzler HB (2017) The Invasive Liriomyza huidobrensis (Diptera: Agromyzidae): Understanding Its Pest Status and Management Globally. Journal of Insect Science 17(1), 28; 1-27.
Liriomyza trifolii (LIRITR) Host
* Stegmaier CE Jr (1966) Host plants and parasites of Liriomyza trifolii in Florida (Diptera: Agromyzidae). The Florida Entomologist 49(2), 75-80.
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (PHENHI) Host
* Chang LWH, Miller CE (1996) Pathway Risk Assessment: Pink mealybug from the Caribbean. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture 61 pp.
Meloidogyne chitwoodi (MELGCH) Host
* Santo GS, O'Bannon JH, Finley AM, Golden AM (1980) Occurrence and host range of a new root-knot nematode (Meloidogyne chitwoodi) in the Pacific northwest. Plant Disease 64, 951-952.
Meloidogyne enterolobii (MELGMY) Host
* Rodriguez MG, Sanchez L, Rowe J (2003) Host status of agriculturally important plant families to the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne mayaguensis in Cuba. Nematropica, 33(2), 125-130
------- greenhouse study
Meloidogyne ethiopica (MELGET) Host
Meloidogyne graminicola (MELGGC) Host
* Rusinque L, Maleita C, Abrantes I, Palomares-Rius JE, Inácio ML (2021) Meloidogyne graminicola - A threat to rice production: review update on distribution, biology, identification, and management. Biology 10, 1163. https://doi.org/10.3390/biology10111163
Meloidogyne luci (MELGLC) Host
* Sen F, Aydinli (2021) Host status of cultivated crops to Meloidogyne luci. European Journal of Plant Pathology 161(3), 607-618.
------- In experiments, cv. Ansa was found to be an excellent host.
Meloidogyne naasi (MELGNA) Host
Nacobbus aberrans (NACOBA) Host
Naupactus leucoloma (GRAGLE) Host
* Lanteri AA, Marvaldi AE, Suárez SM (2002) Gorgojos de la Argentina y sus plantas huéspedes. Tomo I: Apionidae y Curculionidae. Publicación Especial de la Sociedad Entomológica Argentina 1, 98 pp.
Naupactus xanthographus (NAUPXA) Host
* EPPO (2020) Pest risk analysis for Naupactus xanthographus. EPPO, Paris. Available at https://gd.eppo.int/taxon/NAUPXA/documents
------- adult feeding.

* INIA (2008) Manejo de plagas en paltos y cítricos, No 23. ed Renato Ripa and Pilar Larral

* Ripa R, F Rodríguez (1999) Plagas de citricos, sus enemigos naturales Y Manejo, INIA, Santiago, Chile. 

Neocamarosporium betae (PLEOBJ) Host
Phaedon brassicae (PHAEBR) Host
Phthorimaea operculella (PHTOOP) Host
Phyllotreta cruciferae (PHYECR) Host
Phymatotrichopsis omnivora (PHMPOM) Host
* Anonymous (1960) Index of Plant Diseases in the United States. Agriculture Handbook no 165, USDA-ARS (US) 531 pp.
Phytophthora cryptogea (PHYTCR) Host
Platynota stultana (PLAAST) Host
* Hoover GA, Biddinger DJ (2014) Omnivorous leafroller, Platynota stultana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Penn State Extension Pest Alert. https://ento.psu.edu/files/omnivorous-leafroller/view

* Nelson RH (1936) Observations on the life history of Platynota stultana Wlsm. on greenhouse rose. Journal of Economic Entomology 29, 306–312.
Spodoptera eridania (PRODER) Host
Spodoptera frugiperda (LAPHFR) Host
* Montezano DG, Specht A, Sosa-Gómez DR, Roque-Specht VF, Sousa-Silva JC, Paula-Moraes SV, Peterson JA, Hunt T (2018) Host plants of Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in the Americas. African Entomology 26, 286-300.
------ As Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris.
Spodoptera littoralis (SPODLI) Host
* Dimetry NZ (1972) Further studies on the host plant preference of Spodoptera littoralis Boisd. (Lepid., Noctuidae). Zeitschrift fur Angewandte Entomologie 71(4), 350-355 (abst.).

* El-Fergani YA (2019) Field evaluation of selected oxadiazine insecticide and bacterial bio-insecticides against cotton leafworm, Spodoptera littoralis (Boisduval) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) infesting sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L). Egyptian Journal of Agricultural Research 97(1), 137-145.

* Mohamed HA, Alkordy MW, Atta AA (2019) Effect of host plants on biology of Spodoptera littoralis (Boisd.). Egyptian Academic Journal of Biological Sciences 12(6), 65-73. 

* Zaki FN, Abdel-Raheem MA (2010) Use of entomopathogenic fungi and insecticide against some insect pests attacking peanuts and sugarbeet in Egypt. Archives of Phytopathology and Plant Protection 43(18), 1819-1828.
Spodoptera ornithogalli (PRODOR) Host
* Brito R, Specht A, Gonçalves GL, Moreira GRP, Carneiro E, Santos FL, Roque-Specht VF, Mielke OHH, Casagrande MM (2019) Spodoptera marima: a new synonym of Spodoptera ornithogalli (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), with notes on adult morphology, host plant use and genetic variation along its geographic range. Neotropical Entomology 48(3), 433-448.

* Capinera JL (2017) Yellowstriped Armyworm, Spodoptera ornithogalli (Guenée) (Insecta: Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Department of Entomology and Nematology, University of Florida /IFAS Extension, EENY216, 4p. https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pdffiles/IN/IN37300.pdf

* Comstock JA (1965) Ciclo biologico de Prodenia ornithogalli Guenée (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Serie Zoologia 36, 199-202.

* Crumb SE (1929) Tobacco cutworms. USDA Technical Bulletin 88, p 179.

* Heppner JB (2007) Lepidoptera of Florida. Part 1. Introduction and catalog. Gainesville, Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services, p 670.

* Robinson GS, Ackery PR, Kitching IJ, Beccaloni GW, Hernández LM (2010) HOSTS - A Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants. Natural History Museum, London. http://www.nhm.ac.uk/hosts

* Tietz HM (1972) An index to the described life histories, early stages and hosts of the Macrolepidoptera of the continental United States and Canada, 536 pp.
Spodoptera praefica (PRODPR) Host
* Berry RE (1998) Western yellowstriped armyworm. Spodoptera praefica. Insects and Mites or Economic Importance in the Northwest. Oregon State University Bookstore, p 221 (online modified version). http://uspest.org/potato/wystriparmyworm.pdf

* British Columbia Ministry of Agriculture. Western yellowstriped armyworm (Spodoptera praefica). https://rdno.civicweb.net/document/127358/western-yellowstriped-armyworm.pdf?handle=3CD053B4F8D54F9CBB93F8D6D5572C27

* Robinson GS, Ackery PR, Kitching IJ, Beccaloni GW & Hernández LM (2010) HOSTS - A database of the World's lepidopteran hostplants. Natural History Museum, London. http://www.nhm.ac.uk/hosts
Tetranychus evansi (TETREV) Host
* Aucejo S, Foo M, Gimeno E, Gomez-Cadenas A, Monfort R, Obiol F, Prades E, Ramis M, Ripolles JL, Tirado V, Zaragoza L, Jacas JA, Martinez-Ferrer MT (2003) Management of Tetranychus urticae in citrus in Spain: acarofauna associated to weeds. Bulletin OILB/SROP, 26: 213-220.
Thrips angusticeps (THRIAN) Host
Tomato black ring virus (TBRV00) Host
Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV00) Host
* Parrella G, Gognalons P, Gebre-Selassie K, Vovlas C, Marchoux G (2003) An update of the host range of tomato spotted wilt virus. Journal of Plant Pathology 85(4), 227-264.
------- Confirmed host.
Trichodorus viruliferus (TRIHVI) Host
Tuta absoluta (GNORAB) Host
Agrotis segetum (AGROSE) Major host
Asproparthenis punctiventris (CLEOPU) Major host
Autographa gamma (PYTOGA) Major host
Beet curly top virus (BCTV00) Major host
Beet leaf curl virus (BLCV00) Major host
Beet necrotic yellow vein virus (BNYVV0) Major host
* Putz C, Merdinoglu D, Lemaire O, Stocky G, Valentin P, Wiedemann S (1990) Beet necrotic yellow vein virus, causal agent of sugarbeet rhizomania. Review of Plant Pathology 69, 247-254. 
'Candidatus Arsenophonus phytopathogenicus' (ARSEPH) Major host
Circulifer tenellus (CIRCTE) Major host
Ditylenchus dipsaci (DITYDI) Major host
* Storelli A, Kiewnick S, Daub M, Mahlein AK, Schumann M, Beyer W, Keiser A (2021) Virulence and pathogenicity of four Ditylenchus dipsaci populations on sugar beet. European Journal of Plant Pathology 161, 63–71. 
Heterodera schachtii (HETDSC) Major host
* Huan PE, Hui LI, Li GA, Jiang R, Li GK, Gao HF, Wei WU, Jun WA, Zhang Y, Huang WK, Kong LA (2022) Identification of Heterodera schachtii on sugar beet in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region of China. Journal of Integrative Agriculture 21(6), 1694-702. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2095-3119(21)63797-8
Lettuce chlorosis virus (LCV000) Major host
* Duffus JE, Liu HY, Wisler GC, Li R (1996) Lettuce chlorosis virus — A new whitefly-transmitted closterovirus. European Journal of Plant Pathology 102, 591–596.
Lixus juncii (LIXUJU) Major host
* Germann C & Breitenmoser S (2020) Lixus juncii Boheman, 1835 – confirmation de sa présence en Suisse (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Entomo Helvetica 13: 155–158.
Meloidogyne fallax (MELGFA) Major host
* Yu MH (2001) Registration of M6-1 root-knot nematode resistant sugarbeet germplasm. Crop Science 41, 278-279.
Pheletes californicus (LIMOCF) Major host
Scrobipalpa ocellatella (PHTOOC) Major host
Beet leaf curl virus (as Beta) (BLCV00) Wild/Weed
Heterodera glycines (as Chenopodioideae) (HETDGL) Wild/Weed
Spiroplasma citri (as Chenopodioideae) (SPIRCI) Wild/Weed