EPPO Global Database

Xylosandrus compactus(XYLSCO)

Distribution details in Italy

Current pest situation evaluated by EPPO on the basis of information dated 2020: Present, restricted distribution
First recorded in: 2011
EPPO Reporting Service (2013/130) : first found in 2 urban parks in the province of Napoli (Campania region). It was observed on plants of Quercus ilex, Viburnum tinus, Fraxinus ornus and Celtis australis showing symptoms of withering on twigs and shoots of small diameter.

EPPO Reporting Service (2017/031) : also found in Lazio, Liguria, Sicilia and Toscana, mainly on Quercus ilex, Laurus nobilis and Ceratonia siliqua. In Lazio region, serious damage was observed on maquis plants on the Circeo Promontory (a National Park).

EPPO Reporting Service (2019/199) : also found in Sicilia on Ceratonia siliqua.
* Bosso L, Senatore M, Varlese R, Ruocco M, Garonna AP, Bonanomi G, Mazzoleni S, Cristinzio G (2012) Severe outbreak of Fusarium solani on Quercus ilex vectored by Xylosandrus compactus. Journal of Plant Pathology 94(suppl.), S4.99.

* Contarini M, Vannini A, Giarruzzo F, Faccoli M, Moralez‐Rodriguez C, Rossini L, Speranza S (2020) First record of Xylosandrus germanus (Blandford) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae, Scolytinae) in the Mediterranean scrubland in Southern Italy, and its co‐presence with the co‐generic species X. compactus (Eichhoff) and X. crassiusculus (Motschulsky). EPPO Bulletin 50(2), 311-315. https://doi.org/10.1111/epp.12660
------- In Circeo National Park (Lazzio region).

* Francardi V, Pennacchio F, Santini L, Rumine P, Paoli A, Navarra A, Musetti N (2012) [First report of Xylosandrus compactus on Laurus nobilis in Tuscany]. Proceedings of the ‘Giornate Fitopatologiche (Milano Marittima, IT, 2012-03-13/16),

* Garonna AP, Dole SA, Saracino A, Mazzoleni S, Cristinzio G (2012) First record of the black twig borer Xylosandrus compactus (Eichhoff) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae, Scolytinae) from Europe. Zootaxa 3251, 64-68.

* Gugliuzzo A, Criscione G, Siscaro G, Russo A, Tropea Garzia G (2019) First data on the flight activity and distribution of the ambrosia beetle Xylosandrus compactus (Eichhoff) on carob trees in Sicily. EPPO Bulletin 49(2), 340–351. https://doi.org/10.1111/epp.12564

* Gugliuzzo A, Criscione G, Tropea Garzia G (2019) Unusual behavior of Xylosandrus compactus (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) on carob trees in a Mediterranean environment. Insects 10, 82. DOI: https://doi.org/doi:10.3390/insects10030082

* NPPO of Italy (2011-09).

* Vannini A, Contarini M, Faccoli M, Della Valle M, Rodriguez CM, Mazzetto, Guarneri D, Vettraino AM, Speranza S (2017) First report of the ambrosia beetle Xylosandrus compactus and associated fungi in the Mediterranean maquis in Italy, and new host-pest associations. Bulletin OEPP/EPPO Bulletin 47(1), 100-103.
Situation in neighbouring countries
Country State Status
France Present, restricted distribution view...