EPPO Global Database

Withania somnifera(WITSO)

Code created in: 2002-04-08

Basic information
  • EPPO Code: WITSO
  • Preferred name: Withania somnifera
  • Authority: (Linnaeus) Dunal


Southern Mediterranean, from Spain round to Greece, Mediterranean islands, Canary Islands, Western Asia, Indian peninsula, China, Indochina, most of Africa, Mascarene islands. Introduced in Australia

Other scientific names
Name Authority
Physalis flexuosa Linnaeus
Physalis somnifera Linnaeus
Withania obtusifolia Täckholm

Common names
Name Language
ashwagandha English
Indian ginseng English
poisonous gooseberry English
winter cherry English (AU)
withania somnifère French
oroval Spanish
alchechengi falso Italian
vitania sonnifero Italian
erva-moira-somnífera Portuguese
ашваганда Russian
женьшень индийский Russian
gelinfeneri Turkish
vitanyah kehah Hebrew
וִיתַנְיָה קֵהָה Hebrew
سموه, سم الفار Arabic
shuì jiā Chinese
睡茄 Chinese