EPPO Global Database

Tsuga canadensis(TSUCA)


Organism Type
Thekopsora minima (THEKMI) Alternate
* Sato S, Katsuya K, Hiratsuka Y (1993) Morphology, taxonomy and nomenclature of Tsuga-Ericaceae rusts. Transactions of the Mycological Society of Japan 34(1): 47-62.
------- confirmed host
Dendrolimus sibiricus (DENDSI) Experimental
* Kirichenko NI, Flament J, Baranchikov YN, Grégoire JC (2008) Native and exotic coniferous species in Europe – possible host plants for the potentially invasive Siberian moth, Dendrolimus sibiricus Tschtv. (Lepidoptera, Lasiocampidae). EPPO Bulletin 38, 259-263.
------- Artificial / potential highly suitable host in Europe (laboratory trial).
Melampsora medusae (as Tsuga) (MELMME) Experimental
* Pinon J (1986) Situation de Melampsora medusae en Europe. Bulletin OEPP/EPPO Bulletin 16, 547-551.
------- infection reported after following inoculation studies.
Melampsora medusae f. sp. deltoidis (as Tsuga) (MELMMD) Experimental
* Pinon J (1986) Situation de Melampsora medusae en Europe. Bulletin OEPP/EPPO Bulletin 16, 547-551.
------- infection reported after following inoculation studies.
Arceuthobium laricis (as Tsuga) (ARELA) Host
Bursaphelenchus xylophilus (BURSXY) Host
Bursaphelenchus xylophilus (as Tsuga) (BURSXY) Host
Chionaspis pinifoliae (PHECPI) Host
ScaleNet. Chionaspis pinifoliae. http://scalenet.info/catalogue/Chionaspis%20pinifoliae/

* Liu T, Kosztarab MP & Rhoades M (1989) I. Biosystematics of the adult females of the genus Chionaspis (Homoptera: Coccoidea: Diaspididae) of North America, with emphasis on polymorphism. Studies on the Morphology and Systematics of Scale Insects -- No. 15 (Contribution No. 2 to a National Biological Survey). VAES Bulletin 88-2. Virginia Agricultural Experiment Station Blacksburg, VA. 
* Shour MH & Schuder DL (1987) Host range and geographic distribution of Chionaspis heterophyllae Cooley and C. pinifoliae (Fitch) (Homoptera: Diaspididae). Indiana Academy of Science 96, 297–304.
Chionaspis pinifoliae (as Tsuga) (PHECPI) Host
ScaleNet. Chionaspis pinifoliae. http://scalenet.info/catalogue/Chionaspis%20pinifoliae/
Choristoneura fumiferana (as Tsuga) (CHONFU) Host
Coniferiporia weirii (as Pinaceae) (INONWE) Host
Dendroctonus frontalis (DENCFR) Host
* Hain FP, Duehl AJ, Gardener MJ, Payne TL (2011) Natural History of the Southern Pine Beetle. In: Coulson, R.N.; Klepzig, K.D. 2011. Southern Pine Beetle II. Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS-140. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Southern Research Station. 13-24. https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/39019
------- 'considered exceptional or nontraditional host that is indiscriminately attacked during an epidemic on preferred hosts but cannot sustain the epidemic. In rare cases, some T. canadensis were killed.
Gnathotrichus sulcatus (as Pinaceae) (GNAHSU) Host
Heterobasidion irregulare (HETEIR) Host
Heterobasidion irregulare (as Tsuga) (HETEIR) Host
Leptoglossus occidentalis (as Tsuga) (LEPLOC) Host
Melampsora farlowii (as Tsuga) (MELMFA) Host
Monochamus scutellatus (MONCST) Host
* Monné MA, Nearns EH (2021) Catalogue of the Cerambycidae (Coleoptera) of Canada and United States of America. Part IV. Subfamily Lamiinae. https://cerambycids.com/catalog/Monne&Nearns_2021_NearcticCat_part_IV.pdf
Monochamus scutellatus (as Tsuga) (MONCST) Host
* Akbulut S, Stamps WT (2012) Insect vectors of the pinewood nematode: a review of the biology and ecology of Monochamus species. Forest Pathology 42(2), 89-99. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0329.2011.00733.x

* Lindquist EE, Wu KW (1991) Review of mites of the genus Mucroseius (Acari, Mesostigmata, Ascidae) associated with sawyer beetles (Cerambycidae, Monochamus and Mecynippus) and pine wood nematodes Aphelenchoididae, Bursaphelenchus xylophilus (Steiner And Buhrer) Nickle, with descriptions of 6 new species from Japan and North-America, and notes on their previous misidentification. Canadian Entomologist 123(4), 875-927.
Phytophthora cinnamomi (as Pinaceae) (PHYTCN) Host
Polygraphus proximus (as Tsuga) (POLGPR) Host
Lambdina fiscellaria (LAMBFI) Major host
* Hérbert C, Berthiaume R, Bauce É and Brodeur J (2006) Geographic biotype and host-associated local adaptation in a polyphagous species, Lambdina fiscellaria (Lepidoptera: Geometridae) feeding on balsam fir on Anticosti Island, Canada. Bulletin of Entomological Research 96: 619-627. 
Lambdina fiscellaria (as Tsuga) (LAMBFI) Major host
* Maine Forest Service (2001) Hemlock looper Lambdina fiscellaria (Gn.). Maine Department of Conservation. https://www.maine.gov/dacf/mfs/forest_health/insects/hemlock_looper.htm 
------- Lambdina fiscellaria fiscellaria
Leptoglossus occidentalis (LEPLOC) Major host
Melampsora farlowii (MELMFA) Major host
Orgyia leucostigma (HEMELE) Major host
* Maier CT, Lemmon CR, Fengler JM, Schweitzer DF, Reardon RC, (2004) Caterpillars on the Foliage of Conifers in the Northeastern United States. Morgantown, WV. USDA Forest Service. Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station. FHTET-2004-01. March 2004. 151 p.
Orgyia leucostigma (as Tsuga) (HEMELE) Major host
* Dedes J (2014) Whitemarked tussock moth (Orgyia leucostigma). Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Great Lakes Forestry Centre, Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario. Insect Production Services 2 p. https://cfs.nrcan.gc.ca/publications?id=35692
Sirococcus tsugae (SIROTS) Major host
* Stanosz GR, Smith DR, Sullivan JP, Mech AM, Gandhi KJK, Dalusky MJ, Mayfield AE, Fraedrich SW (2011) Shoot blight caused by Sirococcus tsugae on Eastern hemlock (Tsuga canadensis) in Georgia. Plant Disease 95(5), 612-612.
------- confirmed host