EPPO Global Database

Sorghum bicolor(SORVU)

Code created in: 2002-02-23

Basic information
  • EPPO Code: SORVU
  • Preferred name: Sorghum bicolor
  • Authority: (Linnaeus) Mönch


Sénégal to Ethiopia. A species raised in cultivation in Saharan and eastern Africa, which exists in a great number of varieties, many of which have been given separate scientific names. This is no longer considered valid, but certain names have been provisionally retained in the database because they correspond to well known and distinct varietal types. Introduced in Euromediterranean region, Russian Far East, Central Asia, Western Asia, Himalayas, India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Indochina, Malesia, China, Japan, Central Africa, Madagascar, USA, Mexico, Central America, Caribbean, South America (northwest, Brazil), New Zealand

WSSA list of weeds in North America
Genome sequenced in 2009

Other scientific names
Name Authority
Andropogon cernuus Roxburgh
Andropogon sorghum Brotero
Andropogon sorghum var. vulgaris Hackel
Sorghum cernuum (Arduino) Host
Sorghum guineense Stapf
Sorghum nigricans (Ruiz & Pavón) Snowden
Sorghum technicum (Körner) Roshevitz
Sorghum vulgare Persoon

Common names
Name Language
beer sorghum English
common sorghum English (AU)
giant millet English
grain sorghum English
great millet English
guinea corn English
millet English
sorgho English
sorghum English
Besenhirse German
Durra German
Durrha German
echte Sorghumhirse German
gemeine Mohrenhirse German
gewöhnliches Mohrenhirse German
Haffernhirse German
kultivierte Mohrenhirse German
Mohrenhirse German
Sorghumhirse German
Zuckerhirse German
grand millet French
millet à balai French
sorgho commun French
sorgho vulgaire French
caña silvestre Spanish (HN)
maíz milo Spanish
sorgo común Spanish
sorgo guacho Spanish (AR)
melica Italian
meliga Italian
miglio Italian
saggina Italian
sorgo Italian
sorgo coltivato Italian
kafferkoren Dutch
sorghum Dutch
mapira Portuguese
milho-de-vassoura Portuguese (BR)
painco Portuguese (BR)
sorgo Portuguese (BR)
sorgo-sacarino Portuguese
durra Swedish
morokoshi Japanese
morokoshi Japanese
モロコシ Japanese
モロコシ Japanese
сорго обыкновенное Russian
сорго поникшее Russian
süpürgedarısı Turkish
tarka cirok Hungarian
tallë Albanian
метла за зърно Bulgarian
обикновена метла Bulgarian
обикново сорго Bulgarian
техническо сорно Bulgarian
melca Catalan
gāo liáng Chinese
高粱 Chinese
sirak kitaš Croatian
čirok obecný Czech
cirok obyčajný Slovak
navadni sirek Slovene
сорго двокольорове Ukrainian
сорго поникле Ukrainian