EPPO Global Database

Sorghum bicolor(SORVU)

Code created in: 2002-02-23

Basic information
  • EPPO Code: SORVU
  • Preferred name: Sorghum bicolor
  • Authority: (Linnaeus) Mönch


Sénégal to Ethiopia. A species raised in cultivation in Saharan and eastern Africa, which exists in a great number of varieties, many of which have been given separate scientific names. This is no longer considered valid, but certain names have been provisionally retained in the database because they correspond to well known and distinct varietal types. Introduced in Euromediterranean region, Russian Far East, Central Asia, Western Asia, Himalayas, India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Indochina, Malesia, China, Japan, Central Africa, Madagascar, USA, Mexico, Central America, Caribbean, South America (northwest, Brazil), New Zealand. Genome sequenced in 2009.

Other scientific names
Name Authority
Andropogon cernuus Roxburgh
Andropogon sorghum Brotero
Andropogon sorghum var. vulgaris Hackel
Sorghum cernuum (Arduino) Host
Sorghum guineense Stapf
Sorghum nigricans (Ruiz & Pavón) Snowden
Sorghum technicum (Körner) Roshevitz
Sorghum vulgare Persoon

Common names
Name Language
beer sorghum English
common sorghum English (AU)
giant millet English
grain sorghum English
great millet English
guinea corn English
millet English
sorgho English
sorghum English
Besenhirse German
Durra German
Durrha German
echte Sorghumhirse German
gemeine Mohrenhirse German
gewöhnliches Mohrenhirse German
Haffernhirse German
Kultivierte Mohrenhirse German
Mohrenhirse German
Sorghumhirse German
Zuckerhirse German
grand millet French
millet à balai French
sorgho commun French
sorgho vulgaire French
alcandia Spanish
caña silvestre Spanish (HN)
carrizo Spanish
escanda Spanish
escobas de año Spanish
escobas de granillo Spanish
escobas de huerto Spanish
maiz de Guinea Spanish
maíz milo Spanish
melca Spanish
panizo escobero Spanish
panizo mijo Spanish
panizo negro Spanish
panizo rosero Spanish
sagina Spanish
sorgo azucarado Spanish
sorgo común Spanish
sorgo guacho Spanish (AR)
zahina Spanish
zaina blanca Spanish
melica Italian
meliga Italian
miglio Italian
saggina Italian
sorgo Italian
sorgo coltivato Italian
kafferkoren Dutch
sorghum Dutch
alcandia Portuguese
alnizo negro Portuguese
mapira Portuguese
milho-da-India Portuguese
milho-das-vassouras Portuguese
milho-de-burro Portuguese
milho-de-vassoura Portuguese (BR)
milho-miudo-de-Africa Portuguese
milho-mouro Portuguese
milho-sorgo Portuguese
milho-zaburro-branco Portuguese
milho-zaburro-vermelho Portuguese
painco Portuguese (BR)
sorgo Portuguese (BR)
sorgo-das-vassouras Portuguese
sorgo-sacarino Portuguese
zaburro Portuguese
durra Swedish
morokoshi Japanese
モロコシ Japanese
сорго обыкновенное Russian
сорго поникшее Russian
süpürgedarısı Turkish
tarka cirok Hungarian
tallë Albanian
asta maiza Basque
basartoa Basque
jatsa Basque
метла за зърно Bulgarian
обикновена метла Bulgarian
обикново сорго Bulgarian
техническо сорно Bulgarian
dacsa de bou Catalan
melca Catalan
melca Catalan
melca dolça Catalan
meuca Catalan
mill africà Catalan
mill de les Indies Catalan
mill francès Catalan
milloca Catalan
sorgo Catalan
gāo liáng Chinese
高粱 Chinese
sirak kitaš Croatian
čirok obecný Czech
milhauco Occitan
milheroque Occitan
milhòco Occitan
milorco Occitan
cirok obyčajný Slovak
navadni sirek Slovene
сорго двокольорове Ukrainian
сорго поникле Ukrainian