* Gomes CB, Carbonari JJ, Medina IL, Lima DL (2005) [Survey of Meloidogyne ethiopica in kiwi in Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil, and its association with Nicotiana tabacum and Sida rhombifolia]. Abstract of a paper presented at the XXV Congresso Brasileiro de Nematologia (Piracicaba, BR, 2005-02-13/18). Nematologia Brasileira 29(1), p 114.
------- In Frederico Westphallen (Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil).
* Mullis S, Martinez-Ochoa N (2009) Non-crop hosts of TSWV. In Mullis SW (ed.) Tospoviruses in Solanaceae and other crops in the coastal plain of Georgia. University of Georgia, CAES Bulletin 1354, 51 p.
------- Confirmed host.
* Adlerz WC (1980) Ecological observations on two leafhoppers that transmit the Pierce’s disease bacteria. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society 93, 115-120.
------- Adults and nymphs were observed on this plant.