EPPO Global Database

Ralstonia solanacearum species complex(RALSSO)

Distribution details in Trinidad and Tobago

Current pest situation evaluated by EPPO on the basis of information dated 2017: Present, widespread
From NPPO: Present, widespread
Ralstonia solanacearum and R. pseudosolanacearum.

EPPO Reporting Service (1995/21) : from Caraphin Report, 1994.
* Álvarez E, Pantoja A, Gañán L, Ceballos G (2015) Current status of Moko disease and black sigatoka in Latin America and the Caribbean, and options for managing them CIAT publication No. 404
------- Moko disease (caused by R. solanacearum phylotype II) is officially recorded in Trinidad.

* Blomme G, Dita M, Jacobsen KS, Pérez VL, Molina A, Ocimati W, Poussier S & Prior P (2017) Bacterial Diseases of Bananas and Enset: Current State of Knowledge and Integrated Approaches Toward Sustainable Management. Frontiers in Plant Science 8, 1290 doi: 10.3389/fpls.2017.01290
------- Moko disease (caused by R. solanacearum [phylotype II] was first reported in Trinidad in the 1890s and is still present.

* IICA Caraphin Report, Jan-Jun 1994.

* Ramsubhag A, Lawrence D, Cassie D, Fraser R, Umaharan P, Prior P, Wicker E (2012) Wide genetic diversity of Ralstonia solanacearum strains affecting tomato in Trinidad, West Indies. Plant Pathology 61(5), 844-857.
------- R. solanacearum [phylotype II] isolated from tomato in all main growing areas. [Sequevar PIIA-7] was most prevalant in Central and South‐East, and [sequevar PIIA-35] in North, South‐East and South. R. pseudosolanacearum [phylotype I sequevars PI-14 and PI-18] were also found on tomato in all regions except the central region.

* Sequeira L (1998) Bacterial Wilt: the Missing Element in International Banana Improvement Programs. In: Prior P, Allen C, Elphinstone J (eds) Bacterial Wilt Disease. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg