EPPO Global Database

Ralstonia solanacearum species complex(RALSSO)

Distribution details in Philippines

Current pest situation evaluated by EPPO on the basis of information dated 2021: Present, widespread
R. pseudosolanacearum, R. solanacearum, R. syzygii.

From Villa et al. (2021): Bacterial wilt disease is widespread on tomato, eggplant, pepper, potato, and tobacco. Bugtok (or tapurok) disease also present on cooking banana (saba and cardaba varieties) and Moko disease is also found on dessert banana. R. pseudosolanacearum [phylotype I] was confirmed in 64 of 89 isolates obtained from tomato, potato, Capsicum annuum, eggplant and Momordica charantia (bitter gourd). R. solanacearum [phylotype II] was found on potato, cooking banana with bugtok disease and dessert banana with Moko disease. R. syzygii [phylotype IV] was confirmed for 3 isolates from potato.
* Lewis Ivey ML, McSpadden Gardner BB, Opina N, and Miller SA (2007) Diversity and geographic distribution of Ralstonia solanacearum from eggplant in the Philippines. Phytopathology 97,1467-1475.

* Rillo, A. R. (1979) FAO Plant Protection Bulletin 27 (4), 105-108.
------- South.

* Soguilon, C. E.; Magnaye, L. V.; Natural, M. P. (1995) Musa Disease Fact Sheet No. 6, 2 pp.
------- As Bugtok disease of cooking bananas.

* Villa JE, Horita M, Hyakumachi M, Tsuchiya K (2021) Pathogenic and genetic variability of Ralstonia solanacearum strains from the Philippines. Plant Pathology 70, 544– 554.