EPPO Global Database

Ralstonia solanacearum species complex(RALSSO)

Distribution details in Netherlands

Current pest situation evaluated by EPPO on the basis of information dated 2019: Present, restricted distribution
Pest status declared by NPPO: in potato production chain: transient, incidental findings, under eradication; in natural environment (surface water): present; in Solanum melongena plants: eradicated; in Rosa plants: eradicated (2019-11)
R. solanacearum (race 3) occurs in potato production and surface water, under eradication.

Race 1 (biovar 4) intercepted on Curcuma longa from Far East in 1993. First record in Netherlands.

EPPO Reporting Service (2014/192) : found in August 2014 on Curcuma plants for planting (probably race 1), under eradication.

EPPO Reporting Service (2015/164) : found in summer 2015 in 1 greenhouse producing Anthurium cut flowers (probably race 1), under eradication.

EPPO Reporting Service (2015/182) : found in autumn 2015 in several glasshouses producing Rosa cut flowers (probably race 1), under eradication. Outbreak on Curcuma (see above) has been eradicated.

EPPO Reporting Service (2016/136) : race 3 detected in aubergine (Solanum melongena) in a glasshouse located in Westland (province of South Holland). Under eradication.

NPPO (2016-10): outbreak in Anthurium eradicated.

EPPO Reporting Service (2017/017) : outbreak on aubergine eradicated. No longer found in Anthurium production. Eradication continues for outbreaks detected in ornamental Rosa crops.

EPPO Reporting Service (2020/040) : eradicated in Rosa crops (recognized as R. pseudosolanacearum).
* Bekkum, P. J. van; Wolf, J. M. van der; Elsas, J. D. van; Griep, R. A.; Ruissen, M. A. (1997) Gewasbescherming 28 (1-2), 3-5.

* Janse JD (1996) Potato brown rot in western Europe – history, present occurrence and some remarks on possible origin, epidemiology and control strategies. EPPO Bulletin 26, 679-695

* Janse JD (2012) Review on brown rot (Ralstonia solanacearum race 3, biovar 2, phylotype IIB) epidemiology and control in the Netherlands since 1995: a success story of integrated pest management. Journal of Plant Pathology 94(2), 257-272.

* Kempenaar C, Groeneveld RMW, Lotz LAP, Wenneker M, Janse JD (1998) Gewasbescherming 29 (4), 119-123.
------- Survival in surface water on Solanum dulcamara.

* NPPO of the Netherlands - Pest status of harmful organisms in the Netherlands (Fytosignalering covering 2007, 2009, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015).
------- Pest status is based on long term integral testing of seed potatoes and annual surveys of surface water and host plants.

* NPPO of the Netherlands (2014-09, 2015-09, 2015-09, 2015-10, 2016-07, 2016-11, 2016-12, 2017-06, 2018-04, 2019-11).
- October 2016 – CLOSING NOTE pest report - Finding of Ralstonia solanacearum, (race 1) in ornamental Anthurium plants for cut flower production. https://english.nvwa.nl/topics/pest-reporting/documents/plant/plant-health/pest-reporting/documents/october-2016-%E2%80%93-closing-note-pest-report---finding-of-ralstonia-solanacearum-race-1-in-ornamental-anthurium-plants-for-cut-flower-production
- Confirmation of eradication of Ralstonia solanacearum (race 1) in ornamental Rosa plants for planting for cut flower production

* Tjou-Tam-Sin NNA, van de Bilt JLJ, Westenberg M, Bergsma-Vlami M, Korpershoek HJ, Vermunt AMW, Meekes ETM, Teunissen HAS, Van Vaerenbergh (2017) First report of bacterial wilt caused by Ralstonia solanacearum in ornamental Rosa sp. Plant Disease 201(2), p 378.
Situation in neighbouring countries
Country State Status
Belgium Present, few occurrences view...
Germany Present, few occurrences view...