EPPO Global Database

Ralstonia solanacearum species complex(RALSSO)

Distribution details in Malaysia

Current pest situation evaluated by EPPO on the basis of information dated 2015: Present, widespread
From NPPO: Present, widespread
Ralstonia solanacearum and R. syzygii.

According to Zulperi & Sijam (2014): R. solanacearum [phylotype IIB-4] detected during a study (March 2011 to June 2012) on banana plants (Musa x paradisiaca cv. 'Horn') showing symptoms of Moko disease and collected from 12 different locations within 5 outbreak sites (Kedah, Selangor, Pahang, Negeri Sembilan, and Johor) in Peninsular Malaysia. In severely affected plantations, disease incidence exceeded 90%. The authors considered that this is the first record of Moko disease in Malaysia (which then questioned the validity of the previous records from CPPC or Williams).
* Blomme G, Dita M, Jacobsen KS, Pérez VL, Molina A, Ocimati W, Poussier S, Prior P (2017) Bacterial Diseases of Bananas and Enset: Current State of Knowledge and Integrated Approaches Toward Sustainable Management. Frontiers in Plant Science 8, 1290 DOI=10.3389/fpls.2017.01290

* From CPPC (dated 1990)
------- Present, no details.

* ProMed posting (no. 20150331.3269023) of 2015-03-31. Moko disease: banana - Malaysia: (Penang). http://www.promedmail.org
------- Moko disease affected more than 150 ha of banana plantations in Penang.

* Teng SK, Aziz NAA, Mustafa M, Laboh R, Ismail IS, Sulaiman SR, Azizan AA, Devi S (2016) The occurrence of blood disease of banana in Selangor, Malaysia. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology 18, 92–97.
------ Distribution of banana blood disease (R. syzygii subsp. celebesensis) phylotype IV in Selangor state (Peninsular Malaysia).

* Zulperi D, Sijam K (2014) First report of Ralstonia solanacearum race 2 biovar 1 causing Moko disease of banana in Malaysia. Plant Disease 98(2), p 275.
------- First report of Moko disease in West Malaysia (Peninsular Malaysia).

* Zulperi D, Sijam K, Ahmad ZAM, Awang Y, Ismail SI, Asib N, Hata EM (2016) Genetic diversity of Ralstonia solanacearum phylotype II sequevar 4 strains associated with Moko disease of banana (Musa spp.) in Peninsular Malaysia. European Journal of Plant Pathology 144(2), 257-270.
------- R. solanacearum [phylotype IIB-4] confirmed in banana with Moko disease at 12 different locations of five outbreak states in Peninsular Malaysia comprising Kedah, Selangor, Pahang, Negeri Sembilan and Johor, with disease incidence exceeding 80 % in some severely affected plantations.

* Williams, T. H.; Liu, P. S. W. (1976) A host list of plant diseases in Sabah, Malaysia. Phytopathological Papers No. 19. CAB International, Wallingford, UK.
------- moko disease in Sabah.
Situation in neighbouring countries
Country State Status
Brunei Darussalam Present, no details view...
Indonesia Present, no details view...
Indonesia Sulawesi Present, no details view...
Indonesia Nusa Tenggara Present, no details view...
Indonesia Irian Jaya Present, no details view...
Indonesia Java Present, no details view...
Indonesia Sumatra Present, no details view...
Singapore Present, no details view...
Thailand Present, no details view...