EPPO Global Database

Ralstonia solanacearum sensu lato(RALSSO)

Distribution details in Ethiopia

Situation
Current pest situation evaluated by EPPO on the basis of information dated 2018: Present, no details
Comments
Ralstonia solanacearum and R. pseudosolanacearum.

EPPO Reporting Service (2007/107) : confirmed presence of both race 1 (biovar 1) and race 3 (biovar 2).
References
* Abdurahman A, Griffin D, Elphinstone J, Struik PC, Schulz S, Schulte-Geldermann E, Sharma K (2017) Molecular characterization of Ralstonia solanacearum strains from Ethiopia and tracing potential sources of bacterial wilt disease outbreak in seed potatoes. Plant Pathology 66(55), 826-834.
-------- Phylotype IIB sequevar 1.

* Ayana G (2016) Diversity and Phylotype Analysis of Ralstonia solanacearum Strains Causing Tomato and Potato Bacterial Wilt in Ethiopia. Pest Management Journal of Ethiopia 18 & 19, 1-21
------- R. solanacearum [phylotype II] found on tomato (in Bako, Ziway and Nacha) and on potato (in Jimma and Shashemene). Also first report of R. pseudosolanacearum [phylotype III] in Ethiopia on tomato (in Holeta, Tikurwuha and Ziway) and on potato (in Ambo, Arjo, Awassa, Dedo, Holeta, Jeldu, Ginchi and Shashemene).


* Bekele B, Abate E, Asefa A, Dickinson M (2011) Incidence of potato viruses and bacterial wilt disease in the West Amhara sub-region of Ethiopia. Journal of Plant Pathology 93(1), 149-157.
------- Latent infections detected in various potato fields (experimental plots, and farmers' seed potato fields).

* Lemessa F (2006) Physiological and pathogenic characterization of strains of bacterial wilt (Ralstonia solanacearum) from Ethiopia. Mitteilungen aus der Bundesanstalt für Land- und Forstwirtschaft Berlin-Dahlem no. 400, p 216.

* Merga Jibat, Habtamu Terefe & Eshetu Derso (2018) Integrated management of bacterial wilt (Ralstonia solanacearum) of ginger (Zingiber officinale) in Southwestern Ethiopia, Archives of Phytopathology and Plant Protection, 51:15-16, 834-851

* RPP 52, 3504.
------- Moko disease.
Situation in neighbouring countries
Country State Status
Kenya Present, no details view...
Somalia Present, no details view...