EPPO Global Database

Ralstonia solanacearum species complex(RALSSO)

Distribution details in Belize

Current pest situation evaluated by EPPO on the basis of information dated 2015: Present, widespread
Moko disease on banana

EPPO Reporting Service (1995/21) : introduced from Guatemala, has not reached commercial bananas.

* Álvarez E, Pantoja A, Gañán L, Ceballos G (2015) Current status of Moko disease and black sigatoka in Latin America and the Caribbean, and options for managing them CIAT publication No. 404
------ Moko disease (caused by R. solanacearum [phylotype II]).

* Thwaites R, Eden-Green SJ and Black R (2000) Diseases caused by bacteria. In: Diseases of Banana, Abacá and Enset. D. R. Jones (ed.) CAB International, Wallingford, UK 213–239.
------- Moko disease was eradicated following systematic surveys of ABB type Bluggoe mats and smallholder dessert banana cultivars, coupled with glyphosate treatment of all infected mats and all adjacent mats within a 5 m radius around infected mats.

* Black R, Delbeke A (1991) Moko Disease (Pseudomonas solanacearum) of Musa in Belize. Tropical Science 31(4), 347-353.

* IICA Caraphin Report, 1994.
Situation in neighbouring countries
Country State Status
Guatemala Present, widespread view...
Mexico Present, restricted distribution view...