EPPO Global Database

Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae(PSDMAK)

Distribution details in New Zealand

Current pest situation evaluated by EPPO on the basis of information dated 2014: Present, restricted distribution
First recorded in: 2010
From CABI Disease map 1043 (2012): Present, restricted distribution
EPPO Reporting Service (2010/216) : detected for the first time in November 2010, in several kiwifruit orchards (92 orchards, mainly in the regions of Hawke’s Bay and Bay of Plenty) of the North Island. Under official control.

Spread continued during the first semester of 2011 (170 orchards affected) across a wide area (Te Puke, Bay of Plenty, Matapihi) (ProMed, 2011).
* Everett KR, Taylor RK, Romberg MK, Rees-George J, Fullerton RA, Vanneste JL, Manning MA (2011) First report of Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae causing kiwifruit bacterial canker in New Zealand. Australasian Plant Disease Notes 6(1), 67-71.

- Biosecurity New Zealand (2010-11). http://www.biosecurity.govt.nz
- New Zealand parliament. Questions for oral answer. Kiwifruit, Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae – Government response.
- ProMed posting (no. 20110822.2550) of 2011-08-22. Bacterial canker, kiwifruit - New Zealand, Italy: spread. http://www.promedmail.org
- ZESPRI – PSA Bacterial kiwifruit vine disease. Latest updates. http://www.zespri.com/psa/latest-info.html

* ProMed posting (no. 20120304.1060778) of 2012-03-04. Bacterial canker, kiwifruit - New Zealand: update. http://www.promedmail.org
------- It is estimated that 1/3 of the kiwifruit orchards are affected by the disease in New Zealand.

* Vanneste JL, Yu J, Cornish DA, Tanner DJ, Windner R, Chapman JR, Taylor RK, Mackay JF, Dowlut S (2013) Identification, virulence, and distribution of two biovars of Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae in New Zealand. Plant Disease 97(6), 708-719.
------- Map showing the distribution of biovars 3 and 4 in New Zealand.

* Vanneste JL, Cornish DA, Yu J, Stokes CA (2014) First report of Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae the causal agent of bacterial canker of kiwifruit on Actinidia arguta vines in New Zealand. Plant Disease 98(3), p 418.
------- On Actinidia arguta, but limited outbreak which did not lead to crop losses.