EPPO Global Database

Portulaca oleracea(POROL)

Last modification: 1996-10-28

Basic information
  • EPPO code: POROL
  • Preferred name: Portulaca oleracea
  • Authority: Linnaeus


A plant of ancient cultivation as a leafy vegetable, possibly originating in India. The cultivated form has been distinguished as subsp. sativa (q.v.), but both the cultivated and the weed form have become widely distributed in warm temperate areas, notably Mediterranean and Balkan countries, China, Korea, Japan, much of Africa. Also now present (presumably introduced) in North, Central and South America, and in Australasia. In addition, the wild form of the species has been shown to be divisible into a number of microspecies, at diploid, tetraploid and hexaploid levels, with differing geographical distribution. Some of these are distinguished in this database, but their recognition remains controversial 

WSSA list of weeds in North America

Other scientific names
Name Authority
Portulaca oleracea subsp. oleracea Linnaeus

Common names
Name Language
тученица Bulgarian
verdolaga Catalan
šrucha zelná Czech
portulak Danish
gelber Portulak German
Portulak German
αντράκλα Greek
common purslane English
fatweed English
purslane English
beldroaga Spanish
berdolaga Spanish
fique Spanish (AR)
loraca Spanish
verdolaga Spanish
verdolaga común Spanish (HN)
verdolaga porquera Spanish (HN)
harilik portulak Estonian
rikkaportulakka Finnish
porcelaine French
porcelane French
porchailles French
pourpier French
pourpier French
pourpier commun French
pourpier maraîcher French
pourpier potager French
regelat hagginnah Hebrew
רְגֵלַת הַגִּנָּה Hebrew
portulak Croatian
kövér porcsin Hungarian
erba porcellana Italian
porcellana comune Italian
スベリヒユ Japanese
ポーチユラカ Japanese
ハナスベリヒユ Japanese
hana-suberi-hiyu Japanese
pôchuraka Japanese
suberi-hiyu Japanese
paprastoji portulaka Lithuanian
dārzeņu portulaka Latvian
wilde postelein Dutch
vanlig portulakk Norwegian
portulaka pospolita Polish
baldroaga Portuguese
beldroega Portuguese
beldroega-comum Portuguese
bredo-fémea Portuguese
grașiță Romanian
iarbă grasă Romanian
портулак огородный Russian
portulaka zeleninová Slovak
šrucha kapustná Slovak
navadni tolščak Slovene
burdullaku Albanian
обични портулак Serbian
обични тушт Serbian
portlak Swedish
vanlig portulak Swedish
vildportlak Swedish
semizotu Turkish
портулак городній Ukrainian
mǎ chǐ xiàn Chinese
马齿苋 Chinese