EPPO Global Database

Pinus densiflora(PIUDE)

Pests

Organism Type
Melampsora medusae (as Pinus) (MELMME) Alternate
Melampsora medusae f. sp. deltoidis (as Pinus) (MELMMD) Alternate
Neofusicoccum laricinum (GUIGLA) Experimental
* Ito K (1963) Shoot blight of larch. A destructive disease in larch plantations of Japan I. Bulletin of the Government Forest Experimental Station Tokyo 159, 89-103.

* Sato K, Shouji T (1962) Ditto Ⅴ (Preliminary report). Pathogenicity of Guignardia laricina, the causal fungus of the disease. Transactions of the 73rd Annual Meeting of the  Japanese Forestry Society, 217-219 (in Japanese).
Arceuthobium americanum (as Pinus) (AREAM) Host
Arceuthobium campylopodum (as Pinus) (ARECP) Host
Arceuthobium laricis (as Pinus) (ARELA) Host
Arceuthobium occidentale (as Pinus) (AREOC) Host
Arceuthobium pusillum (as Pinus) (AREPU) Host
Arceuthobium vaginatum (as Pinus) (AREVA) Host
Atropellis piniphila (ATRPPP) Host
* Sinclair WA, Lyon HH,  Johnson WT (2005) Diseases of Trees and Shrubs, Cornell University Press. Ithaca, NY (USA). 660 pp.
Bursaphelenchus xylophilus (as Pinus) (BURSXY) Host
Chionaspis pinifoliae (PHECPI) Host
* INTERNET
ScaleNet. Chionaspis pinifoliae. http://scalenet.info/catalogue/Chionaspis%20pinifoliae/
Chionaspis pinifoliae (as Pinus) (PHECPI) Host
* INTERNET
ScaleNet. Chionaspis pinifoliae. http://scalenet.info/catalogue/Chionaspis%20pinifoliae/

* Gwiazdowski RA, Vea MI, Andersen CJ & Normark BB (2011) Discovery of cryptic species among North American pine-feeding Chionaspis scale insects (Hemiptera: Diaspididae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society of London 104(1), 47–62.
------- Pinus maximartinezii, Pinus ponderosa var. ponderosa (as Pinus washoensis).
Choristoneura fumiferana (as Pinus) (CHONFU) Host
Coleosporium phellodendri (COLSPH) Host
* Hama T (1972) [Needle rust of Pinus densiflora Sieb. et Zucc. caused by Coleosporium phellodendri Komatov in Kiso Valley, Nagano.] Bulletin of the Government Forest Experiment Station, no. 247, 1-13.

* Suzuki H, Yamaoka Y (2018) Species composition and distribution of Coleosporium species on the needles of Pinus densiflora at a semi-natural vegetation succession site in central Japan. Mycoscience 59(5), 424-432.
Crisicoccus pini (DACLPI) Host
* Danzig EM, Gavrilov IA (2010) Mealybugs of the genera Planococcus and Crisicoccus (Sternorrhyncha: Pseudococcidae) of Russia and adjacent countries. Zoosystematica Rossica 19(1), 39-49.
------- In Primorye (Far East).
Cronartium coleosporioides (as Pinus) (CRONCL) Host
Cronartium comandrae (as Pinus) (CRONCO) Host
Cronartium comptoniae (CRONCP) Host
Cronartium comptoniae (as Pinus) (CRONCP) Host
Cronartium flaccidum (CRONFL) Host
* Xu M (2020) Main types of forest diseases and their prevention and control in cold temperate zone and temperate zone of China. Journal of Temperate Forestry Research 3, 1 http://www.wdlyyj.cn/CN/Y2020/V3/I1/1 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Cronartium flaccidum (as Pinus) (CRONFL) Host
Cronartium fusiforme (as Pinus) (CRONFU) Host
Cronartium harknessii (as Pinus) (ENDCHA) Host
Cronartium himalayense (as Pinus) (CRONHI) Host
Cronartium kamtschaticum (as Pinus) (CRONKA) Host
Cronartium quercuum (as Pinus) (CRONQU) Host
Dendroctonus adjunctus (as Pinus) (DENCAD) Host
Dendroctonus brevicomis (as Pinus) (DENCBR) Host
Dendroctonus frontalis (DENCFR) Host
* Hain FP, Duehl AJ, Gardener MJ, Payne TL (2011) Natural History of the Southern Pine Beetle. In: Coulson, R.N.; Klepzig, K.D. 2011. Southern Pine Beetle II. Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS-140. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Southern Research Station. 13-24. https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/39019
Dendroctonus frontalis (as Pinus) (DENCFR) Host
* Hain FP, Duehl AJ, Gardener MJ, Payne TL (2011) Natural History of the Southern Pine Beetle. In: Coulson, R.N.; Klepzig, K.D. 2011. Southern Pine Beetle II. Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS-140. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Southern Research Station. 13-24. https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/39019
------- "The SPB infests and kills all pine species in its range"
Dendroctonus ponderosae (as Pinus) (DENCPO) Host
Dendrolimus spectabilis (as Pinus) (DENDSC) Host
Dendrolimus superans (DENDSU) Host
* Kobayashi F,Taketani A (1994) Forest insects. Tokyo, Youkendo, 567 pp. (In Japanese, cited by EFSA PHL 2022).

* EFSA Panel on Plant Health (2022) Scientific Opinion on the pest categorisation of Dendrolimus superans. EFSA Journal 20(8), 7525, 23 pp. https://doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa.2022.7525
Diabrotica virgifera zeae (as Pinus) (DIABVZ) Host
* Clark SM, LeDoux DG, Seeno TN, Riley EG, Gilbert AJ, Sullivan JM (2004) Host plants of leaf beetle species occurring in the United States and Canada (Coleoptera: Megalopodidae, Orsodacnidae, Chrysomelidae, excluding Bruchinae). Coleopterists Society, Special Publication 2, 615 pp.
------- Adult host.
Dothistroma pini (DOTSPI) Host
* Jánošíková‐Hečková Z, Ondrušková E, Barta M, Ostrovský R, Kádasi‐Horáková M, Pastirčáková K, Kobza M, Adamčíková K (2018) The hosts and geographic range of Dothistroma needle blight in Slovakia. Forest Pathology e12421. https://doi.org/10.1111/efp.12421
Dothistroma septosporum (SCIRPI) Host
* Jánošíková‐Hečková Z, Ondrušková E, Barta M, Ostrovský R, Kádasi‐Horáková M, Pastirčáková K, Kobza M, Adamčíková K (2018) The hosts and geographic range of Dothistroma needle blight in Slovakia. Forest Pathology e12421. https://doi.org/10.1111/efp.12421
Elasmopalpus lignosellus (as Pinus) (ELASLI) Host
* Dixon WN (1982) Lesser cornstalk borer, Elasmopalpus lignosellus (Zeller) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Entomology Circular, Division of Plant Industry, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services no 236, 2 pp.
Epiphyas postvittana (as Pinus) (TORTPO) Host
Euwallacea fornicatus sensu lato (XYLBFO) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto (EUWAWH) Host
* Mendel Z, Lynch SC, Eskalen A, Protasov A, Maymon M, Freeman S (2021) What determines host range and reproductive performance of an invasive ambrosia beetle Euwallacea fornicatus; lessons from Israel and California. Frontiers in Forests and Global Change 4, 654702.
------- Non reproductive host tree in California (US).
Fusarium circinatum (GIBBCI) Host
* Drenkhan R, Ganley B, Martín-García J, Vahalík P, Adamson K, Adamčíková K, Ahumada R, Blank L et al. (2020) Global geographic distribution and host range of Fusarium circinatum, the causal agent of pine pitch canker. Forests 11(7), 724. 
------- Highly variable susceptibility.
Gnathotrichus sulcatus (as Pinaceae) (GNAHSU) Host
Gremmeniella abietina (GREMAB) Host
Gremmeniella abietina (as Pinus) (GREMAB) Host
Grosmannia wageneri (as Pinus) (LEPGWA) Host
Heterobasidion irregulare (as Pinus) (HETEIR) Host
Hylurgus ligniperda (as Pinus) (HYLGLI) Host
Ips amitinus (as Pinus) (IPSXAM) Host
Ips calligraphus (as Pinus) (IPSXCA) Host
Ips confusus (as Pinus) (IPSXCO) Host
Ips hauseri (as Pinus) (IPSXHA) Host
* Douglas HB, Cognato AI, Grebennikov V, Savard K (2019) Dichotomous and matrix-based keys to the Ips bark beetles of the World (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae). Canadian Journal of Arthropod Identification 38, 234 pp. http://cjai.biologicalsurvey.ca/dcgs_38/factsheets/Ips_hauseri.pdf
Ips lecontei (as Pinus) (IPSXLE) Host
Ips pini (as Pinus) (IPSXPI) Host
Ips plastographus (as Pinus) (IPSXPL) Host
Ips sexdentatus (IPSXSE) Host
* Izhevsky SS, Nikitsky NB, Volkov OG, Dolgin MM (2005) [Illustrated guide to coleopteran - xylophagous pests of forests and timber of Russia]. Tula, Grif and Co, 220 pp (in Russian).
Lecanosticta acicola (SCIRAC) Host
* Suto Y, Ougi D (1998) Lecanosticta acicola, causal fungus of brown spot needle blight in Pinus thunbergii, new to Japan. Mycoscience 39, 319-325.

* van der Nest A, Wingfield MJ, Janoušek J, Barnes I (2019) Lecanosticta acicola: a growing threat to expanding global pine forests and plantations. Molecular Plant Pathology 20(10), 1327-1364. https://doi.org/10.1111/mpp.12853
Leptoglossus occidentalis (LEPLOC) Host
* Kim DE, Lee H, Kim MJ, Ban YG, Kim D (2020) Leptoglossus occidentalis (Hemiptera: Coreidae) occurrence, potential habitats, and COI diversity in South Korea. Journal of Asia-Pacific Biodiversity 13(1), 35-45 (abst.).
Leptoglossus occidentalis (as Pinus) (LEPLOC) Host
Megaplatypus mutatus (as Pinus) (PLTPMU) Host
* Giménez RA, Etiennot AE (2003) Host range of Platypus mutatus. Entomotropica 18, 89–94.
Monochamus alternatus (MONCAL) Host
* Kobayashi F, Yamane A, Ikeda T (1984) The Japanese pine sawyer beetle as the vector of pine wilt disease. Annual Review of Entomology 29, 115-135. 

* Lim J, Jung S-Y, Lim J-S, Jang J, Kim K-M, Lee Y-M, Lee B-W (2014) A review of host plants of Cerambycidae (Coleoptera: Chrysomeloidea) with new host records for fourteen Cerambycids, including the Asian longhorn beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis Motschulsky), in Korea. Korean Journal of Applied Entomology 53(2), 111-133.

* Lin MY, Perissinotto R, Clennell L (2021) Census of the longhorn beetles (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae and Vesperidae) of the Macau SAR, China. ZooKeys 1049, 79-161. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.1049.65558
------- Larval host.

* Ma RY, Hao SG, Kong WN, Sun JH, Kang L (2006) Cold hardiness as a factor for assessing the potential distribution of the Japanese pine sawyer Monochamus alternatus (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) in China. Annals of Forest Science 63(5), 449-456.
Monochamus carolinensis (as Pinus) (MONCCA) Host
Monochamus maculosus (as Pinus) (MONCMC) Host
* Akbulut S, Stamps WT (2012) Insect vectors of the pinewood nematode: a review of the biology and ecology of Monochamus species. Forest Pathology 42(2), 89-99. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0329.2011.00733.x
Monochamus nitens (as Pinus) (MONCNI) Host
* Akbulut S, Togashi K & Linit MJ (2017) Cerambycids as plant disease vectors with special reference to pine wilt. In Cerambycidae of the world, pp. 209-252. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida.
Monochamus obtusus (as Pinus) (MONCOB) Host
* Akbulut S, Stamps WT (2012) Insect vectors of the pinewood nematode: a review of the biology and ecology of Monochamus species. Forest Pathology 42(2), 89-99. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0329.2011.00733.x

* Keen FP (1952) Insect Enemies of Western Forests. Miscellaneous Publication no. 273. USDA, 209 pp.
Monochamus saltuarius (MONCSL) Host
* Lim J, Jung S-Y, Lim J-S, Jang J, Kim K-M, Lee Y-M, Lee B-W (2014) A review of host plants of Cerambycidae (Coleoptera: Chrysomeloidea) with new host records for fourteen Cerambycids, including the Asian longhorn beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis Motschulsky), in Korea. Korean Journal of Applied Entomology 53(2), 111-133.
Monochamus saltuarius (as Pinus) (MONCSL) Host
Monochamus scutellatus (as Pinus) (MONCST) Host
* Akbulut S, Stamps WT (2012) Insect vectors of the pinewood nematode: a review of the biology and ecology of Monochamus species. Forest Pathology 42(2), 89-99. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0329.2011.00733.x

* Monné MA, Nearns EH (2021) Catalogue of the Cerambycidae (Coleoptera) of Canada and United States of America. Part IV. Subfamily Lamiinae. https://cerambycids.com/catalog/Monne&Nearns_2021_NearcticCat_part_IV.pdf
Monochamus sutor (as Pinus) (MONCSU) Host
Monochamus titillator (as Pinus) (MONCTI) Host
* Akbulut S, Stamps WT (2012) Insect vectors of the pinewood nematode: a review of the biology and ecology of Monochamus species. Forest Pathology 42(2), 89-99. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0329.2011.00733.x

* Duffy EAJ (1960) A monograph of the immature stages of neotropical timber beetles. London: British Museum (Natural History), 327 pp.

* Monné MA, Nearns EH (2021) Catalogue of the Cerambycidae (Coleoptera) of Canada and United States of America. Part IV. Subfamily Lamiinae. https://cerambycids.com/catalog/Monne&Nearns_2021_NearcticCat_part_IV.pdf
Monochamus urussovii (as Pinus) (MONCUR) Host
Orgyia leucostigma (as Pinus) (HEMELE) Host
* Heppner JB (2003) Lepidoptera of Florida. Part 1. Introduction and catalog. Volume 17 of Arthropods of Florida and neighboring land areas. Division of Plant Industry. Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. Gainesville, Florida. 670 pp

* Robinson GS, Ackery PR, Kitching IJ, Beccaloni GW, Hernández LM (2010) HOSTS - A Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants. Natural History Museum, London. http://www.nhm.ac.uk/hosts.
Phytophthora cinnamomi (as Pinaceae) (PHYTCN) Host
Pissodes castaneus (as Pinus) (PISONO) Host
Pissodes nitidus (PISONI) Host
* Lee CY (1992) Comparative morphology of the weevil larvae of the subfamily Curculionoidea in Korea (Coleoptera) (I). Korean Journal of Applied Entomology 31, 153-169.

* Park JD, Byun BH (1988) [Bionomics of the yellow-spotted pine weevil, Pissodes nitidus Roelofs (Coleoptera: Curculionidae]. Research Report of the Forest Research Institute (Seoul, Korea) 36, 120-125 (In Korean).

* Wu KY (1991) Pissodes nitidus. In Forest Insects of China, second edition. (ed. Xiao GR), p. 602. China Forestry Publishing House, Beijing (In Mandarin).

* Yoshikawa K (1977) Population study of pine bark weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in bait logs. Applied Entomology and Zoology 12, 9-17.

* Yoshikawa K (1987) A study of the subcortical insect community in pine trees. I. Oviposition and emergence period of each species. Applied Entomology and Zoology 22, 195-206.

* Yoshikawa K (1987) A study of the subcortical insect community in pine trees. II. Vertical distribution. Applied Entomology and Zoology 22(2), 195-206.

* Yoshikawa K (1987) A study of the subcortical insect community in pine trees. III. Species correlation. Applied Entomology and Zoology 22(2), 207-215.
Pissodes strobi (PISOST) Host
* Craighead FC (1950) Insect Enemies of Eastern Forests US Department of Agriculture, Miscellaneous Publication 657. 679 pp.
* Hamid A, O'Dell TM, Katovich S (1995) White Pine Weevil. Forest Insect & Disease Leaflet 21. US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Area State & Private Forestry. 10 pp.
Polygraphus proximus (POLGPR) Host
* Niijima Y (1941) Revision und Neubeschreibung der Polygraphus-Arten (Coleoptera, Ipidae) in Japan. Insecta Matsumurana, 15(4): 123-135
Pseudocercospora pini-densiflorae (as Pinus) (CERSPD) Host
* Ivory MH (1994) Records of foliage pathogens of Pinus species in tropical countries. Plant Pathology 43 (3), 511-518.
Rhyacionia buoliana (as Pinus) (EVETBU) Host
Rotylenchus buxophilus (as Pinus) (HELYBU) Host
Sirex ermak (as Pinus) (SIRXER) Host
Sirex noctilio (as Pinus) (SIRXNO) Host
Tetropium gracilicorne (as Pinus) (TETOGR) Host
Thaumetopoea processionea (as Pinus) (THAUPR) Host
* Gomez-Bustillo MR (1978) Los Thaumetopoeidae de la Peninsula Iberica: nociones de sistematica, ecologica e importancia economica de la famila. Revista de Lepidopterologia 5, 283-290; 6, 113- 124. 
Trichoferus campestris (HESOCA) Host
* CAPS (2019) Trichoferus campestris. Cooperative Agricultural Pest Survey pest datasheets. http://download.ceris.purdue.edu/file/3869
------- Dry wood host.

* Iwata R, Yamada F (1990) Notes on the biology of Hesperophanes campestris, a drywood borer in Japan. Material und Organismen 25, 305–313.
------- Dry wood host.
Trichoferus campestris (as Pinus) (HESOCA) Host
* CAPS (2019) Trichoferus campestris. Cooperative Agricultural Pest Survey pest datasheets. http://download.ceris.purdue.edu/file/3869
------- Living host.
Tylenchorhynchus claytoni (as Pinus) (TYLRCL) Host
Xylosandrus compactus (as Pinus) (XYLSCO) Host
Xylosandrus germanus (XYLBGE) Host
Bursaphelenchus mucronatus (as Pinus) (BURSMU) Major host
Bursaphelenchus xylophilus (BURSXY) Major host
* Dropkin VH, Foudin A, Kondo E, Linit M, Smith M, Robbins K (1981) Pinewood nematode: a threat to US forests? Plant Disease 65(12), 1022-1027.
Cronartium quercuum (CRONQU) Major host
Dendrolimus spectabilis (DENDSC) Major host
* Choi WI, Nam Y, Lee CY, Choi BK, Shin YJ, Lim JH, Koh SH, Park YS (2019) Changes in major insect pests of pine forests in Korea over the last 50 years. Forests 10(8), 692. https://doi.org/10.3390/f10080692
Monochamus galloprovincialis (as Pinus) (MONCGA) Major host
Pseudocercospora pini-densiflorae (CERSPD) Major host
* Ivory MH (1994) Records of foliage pathogens of Pinus species in tropical countries. Plant Pathology 43 (3), 511-518.
Thecodiplosis japonensis (THEOJA) Major host
* Jiao JP, Wu HW, Ren LL, Chen RM, Luo YQ (2017) Reports on the discovery and preliminary studies of the invasive species Thecodiplosis japonensis (Uchida & Inouye) in Huangdao area of Shandong province. Chinese Journal of Applied Entomology 54, 915–923.

* Liu H, Duan C, Qi Y, Ren L,  Wu H (2020) Movement behavior of the pine needle gall midge (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae). Journal of Insect Science 20(5), 32, https://doi.org/10.1093/jisesa/ieaa121
------- Confirmed host in Korea and China.