EPPO Global Database

Pinus banksiana(PIUBN)

Pests

Organism Type
Melampsora medusae (as Pinus) (MELMME) Alternate
Melampsora medusae f. sp. deltoidis (as Pinus) (MELMMD) Alternate
Neofusicoccum laricinum (GUIGLA) Experimental
* Ito K (1963) Shoot blight of larch. A destructive disease in larch plantations of Japan. Bulletin of the Government Forest Experimental Station Tokyo 159, 89-103.

* Sato K, Shouji T (1962) Ditto Ⅴ (Preliminary report). Pathogenicity of Guignardia laricina, the causal fungus of the disease. Transactions of the 73rd Annual Meeting of the  Japanese Forestry Society, 217-219 (in Japanese).
Arceuthobium americanum (as Pinus) (AREAM) Host
Arceuthobium campylopodum (as Pinus) (ARECP) Host
Arceuthobium laricis (as Pinus) (ARELA) Host
Arceuthobium occidentale (as Pinus) (AREOC) Host
Arceuthobium pusillum (as Pinus) (AREPU) Host
Arceuthobium vaginatum (as Pinus) (AREVA) Host
Atropellis pinicola (as Pinus) (ATRPPC) Host
Atropellis piniphila (ATRPPP) Host
Atropellis piniphila (as Pinus) (ATRPPP) Host
Bursaphelenchus xylophilus (BURSXY) Host
* Dropkin VH, Foudin A, Kondo E, Linit M, Smith M, Robbins K (1981) Pinewood nematode: a threat to US forests? Plant Disease 65(12), 1022-1027.
Bursaphelenchus xylophilus (as Pinus) (BURSXY) Host
Chionaspis pinifoliae (PHECPI) Host
* Liu T (1987) Biosystematics of the genus Chionaspis (Homoptera, Coccoidea, Diaspididae) of North America, with emphasis on polymorphism. Masters Theses. Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. 305 p.;
* Shour MH & Schuder DL (1987) Host range and geographic distribution of Chionaspis heterophyllae Cooley and C. pinifoliae (Fitch) (Homoptera: Diaspididae). Indiana Academy of Science 96, 297–304. 
* Gwiazdowski RA, Vea MI, Andersen CJ & Normark BB (2011) Discovery of cryptic species among North American pine-feeding Chionaspis scale insects (Hemiptera: Diaspididae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society of London 104(1), 47–62
Chionaspis pinifoliae (as Pinus) (PHECPI) Host
* INTERNET
ScaleNet. Chionaspis pinifoliae. http://scalenet.info/catalogue/Chionaspis%20pinifoliae/

* Gwiazdowski RA, Vea MI, Andersen CJ & Normark BB (2011) Discovery of cryptic species among North American pine-feeding Chionaspis scale insects (Hemiptera: Diaspididae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society of London 104(1), 47–62.
------- Pinus maximartinezii, Pinus ponderosa var. ponderosa (as Pinus washoensis).
Choristoneura conflictana (ARCHCO) Host
* Prentice RM (1966) Volume 4. Microlepidoptera. In: Forest Lepidoptera of Canada recorded by the Forest Insect Survey. Department of Forestry, Canada, Publication 1142 (1965), 543–840.
------- As Pinus divaricata.
Choristoneura fumiferana (as Pinus) (CHONFU) Host
Coniferiporia weirii (as Pinaceae) (INONWE) Host
Cronartium coleosporioides (as Pinus) (CRONCL) Host
Cronartium comandrae (as Pinus) (CRONCO) Host
Cronartium comptoniae (as Pinus) (CRONCP) Host
Cronartium flaccidum (as Pinus) (CRONFL) Host
Cronartium fusiforme (as Pinus) (CRONFU) Host
Cronartium harknessii (as Pinus) (ENDCHA) Host
Cronartium himalayense (as Pinus) (CRONHI) Host
Cronartium kamtschaticum (as Pinus) (CRONKA) Host
Cronartium quercuum (as Pinus) (CRONQU) Host
Dendroctonus adjunctus (as Pinus) (DENCAD) Host
Dendroctonus brevicomis (as Pinus) (DENCBR) Host
Dendroctonus frontalis (as Pinus) (DENCFR) Host
* Hain FP, Duehl AJ, Gardener MJ, Payne TL (2011) Natural History of the Southern Pine Beetle. In: Coulson, R.N.; Klepzig, K.D. 2011. Southern Pine Beetle II. Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS-140. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Southern Research Station. 13-24. https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/39019
------- "The SPB infests and kills all pine species in its range"
Dendroctonus ponderosae (as Pinus) (DENCPO) Host
Dendrolimus spectabilis (as Pinus) (DENDSC) Host
Diabrotica virgifera zeae (as Pinus) (DIABVZ) Host
* Clark SM, LeDoux DG, Seeno TN, Riley EG, Gilbert AJ, Sullivan JM (2004) Host plants of leaf beetle species occurring in the United States and Canada (Coleoptera: Megalopodidae, Orsodacnidae, Chrysomelidae, excluding Bruchinae). Coleopterists Society, Special Publication 2, 615 pp.
------- Adult host.
Dothistroma septosporum (SCIRPI) Host
* Ramsfield T, Myrholm C, Tomm B (2021) Natural infection of Pinus contorta var. latifolia, Pinus banksiana and their hybrid by Dothistroma septosporum in Alberta, Canada. Forest Pathology, 00e1-4. https://doi.org/10.1111/efp.12717
Elasmopalpus lignosellus (as Pinus) (ELASLI) Host
* Dixon WN (1982) Lesser cornstalk borer, Elasmopalpus lignosellus (Zeller) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Entomology Circular, Division of Plant Industry, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services no 236, 2 pp.
Epiphyas postvittana (as Pinus) (TORTPO) Host
Gnathotrichus sulcatus (as Pinaceae) (GNAHSU) Host
Gremmeniella abietina (GREMAB) Host
Gremmeniella abietina (as Pinus) (GREMAB) Host
Grosmannia wageneri (as Pinus) (LEPGWA) Host
Heterobasidion irregulare (as Pinus) (HETEIR) Host
Hylurgus ligniperda (as Pinus) (HYLGLI) Host
Ips amitinus (as Pinus) (IPSXAM) Host
Ips calligraphus (as Pinus) (IPSXCA) Host
Ips confusus (as Pinus) (IPSXCO) Host
Ips hauseri (as Pinus) (IPSXHA) Host
* Douglas HB, Cognato AI, Grebennikov V, Savard K (2019) Dichotomous and matrix-based keys to the Ips bark beetles of the World (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae). Canadian Journal of Arthropod Identification 38, 234 pp. http://cjai.biologicalsurvey.ca/dcgs_38/factsheets/Ips_hauseri.pdf
Ips lecontei (as Pinus) (IPSXLE) Host
Ips pini (IPSXPI) Host
Ips pini (as Pinus) (IPSXPI) Host
Ips plastographus (as Pinus) (IPSXPL) Host
Lecanosticta acicola (SCIRAC) Host
* Laut JG, Sutton B, Lawrence J (1966) Brown spot needle blight in Canada. Plant Disease Reporter 50, 208.
Leptoglossus occidentalis (as Pinus) (LEPLOC) Host
Megaplatypus mutatus (as Pinus) (PLTPMU) Host
* Giménez RA, Etiennot AE (2003) Host range of Platypus mutatus. Entomotropica 18, 89–94.
Monochamus alternatus (MONCAL) Host
* Lin MY, Perissinotto R, Clennell L (2021) Census of the longhorn beetles (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae and Vesperidae) of the Macau SAR, China. ZooKeys 1049, 79-161. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.1049.65558
------- Larval host.
Monochamus carolinensis (as Pinus) (MONCCA) Host
Monochamus maculosus (MONCMC) Host
* Wingfield MJ, Blanchette RA (1983) The pine-wood nematode, Bursaphelenchus xylophilus, in Minnesota and Wisconsin - insect associates and transmission studies. Canadian Journal of Forest Research - Revue Canadienne de Recherche Forestière 13(6), 1068-1076. 
Monochamus maculosus (as Pinus) (MONCMC) Host
* Akbulut S, Stamps WT (2012) Insect vectors of the pinewood nematode: a review of the biology and ecology of Monochamus species. Forest Pathology 42(2), 89-99. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0329.2011.00733.x
Monochamus nitens (as Pinus) (MONCNI) Host
Monochamus obtusus (as Pinus) (MONCOB) Host
* Akbulut S, Stamps WT (2012) Insect vectors of the pinewood nematode: a review of the biology and ecology of Monochamus species. Forest Pathology 42(2), 89-99. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0329.2011.00733.x

* Keen FP (1952) Insect Enemies of Western Forests. Miscellaneous Publication no. 273. USDA, 209 pp.
Monochamus saltuarius (as Pinus) (MONCSL) Host
Monochamus scutellatus (as Pinus) (MONCST) Host
* Akbulut S, Stamps WT (2012) Insect vectors of the pinewood nematode: a review of the biology and ecology of Monochamus species. Forest Pathology 42(2), 89-99. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0329.2011.00733.x

* Monné MA, Nearns EH (2021) Catalogue of the Cerambycidae (Coleoptera) of Canada and United States of America. Part IV. Subfamily Lamiinae. https://cerambycids.com/catalog/Monne&Nearns_2021_NearcticCat_part_IV.pdf
Monochamus sutor (as Pinus) (MONCSU) Host
Monochamus titillator (as Pinus) (MONCTI) Host
* Akbulut S, Stamps WT (2012) Insect vectors of the pinewood nematode: a review of the biology and ecology of Monochamus species. Forest Pathology 42(2), 89-99. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0329.2011.00733.x

* Duffy EAJ (1960) A monograph of the immature stages of neotropical timber beetles. London: British Museum (Natural History), 327 pp.

* Monné MA, Nearns EH (2021) Catalogue of the Cerambycidae (Coleoptera) of Canada and United States of America. Part IV. Subfamily Lamiinae. https://cerambycids.com/catalog/Monne&Nearns_2021_NearcticCat_part_IV.pdf
Monochamus urussovi (as Pinus) (MONCUR) Host
Neodiprion abietis (NEODAB) Host
* Bird RD (1930) Notes on the fir sawfly Neodiprion abietis Harris. 60th Annual Report of the Entomological Society of Ontario 1929, 76-82 (abst.).
Orgyia leucostigma (as Pinus) (HEMELE) Host
* Heppner JB (2003) Lepidoptera of Florida. Part 1. Introduction and catalog. Volume 17 of Arthropods of Florida and neighboring land areas. Division of Plant Industry. Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. Gainesville, Florida. 670 pp

* Robinson GS, Ackery PR, Kitching IJ, Beccaloni GW, Hernández LM (2010) HOSTS - A Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants. Natural History Museum, London. http://www.nhm.ac.uk/hosts.
Phytophthora cinnamomi (as Pinaceae) (PHYTCN) Host
Pissodes castaneus (PISONO) Host
Pissodes castaneus (as Pinus) (PISONO) Host
Pissodes nitidus (PISONI) Host
* Park JD, Byun BH (1988) [Bionomics of the yellow-spotted pine weevil, Pissodes nitidus Roelofs (Coleoptera: Curculionidae]. Research Report of the Forest Research Institute (Seoul, Korea) 36, 120-125 (In Korean).
Pissodes strobi (PISOST) Host
* Boucher D, Mauffette Y, Lavallée R (2001) Biological performance of the white pine weevil in different host species and in two ecological regions of southern Quebec. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 31, 2026-2034.

* Humble LM, Humphreys N, Van Sickle GA (1994) Distribution and hosts of the white pine weevil, Pissodes strobi (Peck), in Canada. pp. 68-75. In AIfaro RI, Kiss G, Fraser RG (eds) The white pine weevil: biology, damage and management. Proceedings of a symposium held January 19-21, 1994 in Richmond, British Columbia. FRDA Report No. 226. 75 pp.
------- breeding host

* Laffin R, Langor D, Sperling F (2004) Population structure and gene flow in the white pine weevil, Pissodes strobi (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 97(5), 949–956.
Pissodes terminalis (PISOTE) Host
* Cameron E, Stark R (1989) Variations in the life cycle of the lodgepole terminal weevil, Pissodes terminalis Hopping (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), in California. The Canadian Entomologist 121(9), 793-801.
Pseudocercospora pini-densiflorae (as Pinus) (CERSPD) Host
* Ivory MH (1994) Records of foliage pathogens of Pinus species in tropical countries. Plant Pathology 43 (3), 511-518.
Rhyacionia buoliana (as Pinus) (EVETBU) Host
Rotylenchus buxophilus (as Pinus) (HELYBU) Host
Sirex ermak (as Pinus) (SIRXER) Host
Sirex noctilio (as Pinus) (SIRXNO) Host
Tetropium gracilicorne (as Pinus) (TETOGR) Host
Thaumetopoea processionea (as Pinus) (THAUPR) Host
* Gomez-Bustillo MR (1978) Los Thaumetopoeidae de la Peninsula Iberica: nociones de sistematica, ecologica e importancia economica de la famila. Revista de Lepidopterologia 5, 283-290; 6, 113- 124. 
Toumeyella parvicornis (TOUMPA) Host
* INTERNET
Les hémiptères du Québec - cochenilles. Toumeyella parvicornis. Cochenille -tortue du pin. http://entomofaune.qc.ca/entomofaune/cochenilles/cochenilles_t_parvicornis.html

* Malumphy C, Hamilton MA, Manco BN, Green PW, Sanchez MD, Corcoran M, Salamanca E (2012) Toumeyella parvicornis (Hemiptera: Coccidae), causing severe decline of Pinus caribaea var. bahamensis in the Turks and Caicos Islands. Florida Entomologist 95(1), 113-119.
Trichoferus campestris (as Pinus) (HESOCA) Host
* CAPS (2019) Trichoferus campestris. Cooperative Agricultural Pest Survey pest datasheets. http://download.ceris.purdue.edu/file/3869
------- Living host.
Tylenchorhynchus claytoni (as Pinus) (TYLRCL) Host
Xylosandrus compactus (as Pinus) (XYLSCO) Host
Arceuthobium americanum (AREAM) Major host
Bursaphelenchus mucronatus (as Pinus) (BURSMU) Major host
Cronartium coleosporioides (CRONCL) Major host
Cronartium comandrae (CRONCO) Major host
Cronartium comptoniae (CRONCP) Major host
Cronartium harknessii (ENDCHA) Major host
Cronartium quercuum (CRONQU) Major host
Heterobasidion irregulare (HETEIR) Major host
* Dumas MT, Laflamme G. 2013. Pinus banksiana, a new primary host of the pathogen Heterobasidion irregulare in Eastern Canada. In Canadian Plant Disease Survey - Disease Highlights, The Canadian Phytopathological Society
------- confirmed host
Monochamus galloprovincialis (as Pinus) (MONCGA) Major host
Pissodes nemorensis (PISONE) Major host
* Rudolph TD, Laidly PR (1990) Pinus banksiana Lamb. - Jack Pine. pp 280-293. In Burns RM, Honkala BH (1990) Silvics of North America Volume 1. Conifers. Agriculture Handbook 654. United States Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Washington DC. 683 pp.