EPPO Global Database

'Candidatus Phytoplasma aurantifolia'(PHYPAF)

Distribution details in Iran

Current pest situation evaluated by EPPO on the basis of information dated 2017: Present, restricted distribution
From CABI Disease map 792 (1999): Present, no details
EPPO Reporting Service (1999/001) : in Sistan-Baluchistan (SE of country).

EPPO Reporting Service (2007/059) : also in Minab (Hormozgan province).

EPPO Reporting Service (2015/079) : detected in Malus domestica [see note for Hashemi-Tamh et al., 2014].

EPPO Reporting Service (2018/011) : found in association with 'Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus' in Southern Kerman province causing a new decline disease on citrus.

EPPO Reporting Service (2018/114) : found during surveys on phytoplasmas conducted from 2013 to 2015 in vineyards (Vitis vinifera) in the provinces of Qazvin, Lorestan and Markazi.
* Al-Abadi, SY, Al-Sadi AM, Dickinson M, Al-Hammadi MS, Al-Shariqi R, Al-Yahyai RA, Kazerooni EA, Bertaccini A (2016) Population genetic analysis reveals a low level of genetic diversity of ‘Candidatus Phytoplasma aurantifolia’ causing witches’ broom disease in lime. SpringerPlus 5, 1701. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40064-016-3401-0

* Alizadeh H, Quaglino F, Azadvar M, Kumar S, Alizadeh A, Bolboli F, Casati P, Bianco PA (2017) First report of a new citrus decline disease (CDD) in association with double and single infection by ‘Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus’ and ‘Candidatus Phytoplasma aurantifolia’ related strains in Iran. Plant Disease 101(12), p 2145.

* Bové JM, Danet JL, Bananej K, Hassanzadeh N, Taghizadeh M, Salehi M, Garnier M (2000) Witches' broom disease of lime (WBDL) in Iran. Proceedings of the 14th Conference of the International Organization of Citrus Virologists 14, 207-212.

* Hashemi-Tameh M, Bahar M, Zirak L (2014) ‘Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris’ and ‘Candidatus Phytoplasma aurantifolia’, new phytoplasma species infecting apple trees in Iran. Journal of Phytopathology 162(7-8), 472-480.
------- This would need to be reconsidered, the phytoplasma detected most probably does not belong to 16SrII-B.

* Salehi M, Izadpanah K, Rahimian H (1997) Witches’-broom disease of lime in Sistan, Baluchistan. Iranian Journal of Plant Pathology 33(3-4), 76.

* Shahriyari F, Safarnejad MR, Shamsbakhsh M, Ataiee S (2011) Use of a recombinant protein for development of a DAS-ELISA serological kit for sensitive detection of witches' broom disease of lime. Bulletin of Insectology 64(suppl.), S43-S44.
------- Lime witches' broom was first observed in 1997 and has destroyed thousands of trees.

* Zamharir MG, Paltrinieri S, Hajivand S, Taheri M, Bertaccini A (2017) Molecular identification of diverse ‘Candidatus Phytoplasma’ species associated with grapevine decline in Iran. Journal of Phytopathology 165(7-8), 407-413.
Situation in neighbouring countries
Country State Status
Iraq Absent, invalid record view...