EPPO Global Database

Cenchrus purpureus(PESPU)

Code created in: 2002-07-22

Basic information
  • EPPO Code: PESPU
  • Preferred name: Cenchrus purpureus
  • Authority: (Schumacher) Morrone


Southwest Mediterranean, Sénégal to Ethiopia, Guinée to Cameroon, central and southern Africa (except Namibia, Botswana, South Africa). Cultivated as a forage grass, and for environmental regeneration. Introduced in Himalayas, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Indochina (except Cambodia), Malesia (except Borneo), China (including Taiwan), South Africa, Madagascar, New Guinea, USA (southern), Mexico, Central America, Caribbean, South America (except southern cone), New Zealand

WSSA list of weeds in North America

Other scientific names
Name Authority
Pennisetum macrostachyum Bentham
Pennisetum purpureum Schumacher
Pennisteum blepharideum Gilli

Common names
Name Language
elephant grass English (AU)
Napier grass English (US)
Elefantengras German
herbe à éléphant French
sissongo French
hierba elefante Spanish
pasto elefante Spanish (AR)
pasto Napier Spanish (AR)
yerba elefante Spanish (HN)
zacate elefante Spanish (HN)
erba elefantina Italian
penniseto rosso Italian
capim-cameroon Portuguese (BR)
capim-elefante Portuguese (BR)
capim-napier Portuguese (BR)
napîagurasu Japanese
nepiagurasu Japanese
ナピーアグラス Japanese
ネピアグラス Japanese
перистощетинник пурпурный Russian
слоновая трава Russian