EPPO Global Database

Opuntia ficus-indica(OPUFI)

Last modification: 2002-07-19

Basic information
  • EPPO code: OPUFI
  • Preferred name: Opuntia ficus-indica
  • Authority: (Linnaeus) Miller


Mexico. Introduced into western Mediterranean, Central, Eastern and Southern Africa, North (locally) and South America. Planted as an ornamental and hedging plant, frequently naturalized. Several related species have also been introduced from America into other continents, and there is some confusion within this group of introduced Opuntia species (and possibly also hybridization)

Invasive in Corse (FR)

Other scientific names
Name Authority
Cactus ficus-indica Linnaeus
Cactus opuntia Linnaeus
Opuntia compressa (Salisbury) Macbride
Opuntia megacantha Salm-Dyck
Opuntia vulgaris Miller

Common names
Name Language
Barbary fig English
Indian fig English
Indian fig prickly pear English
mission cactus English
mission prickly pear English
prickly pear English
smooth mountain prickly pear English
smooth prickly pear English
echter Feigenkaktus German
Feigenkactus German
Feigenopuntie German
gewöhnlicher Feigenkaktus German
indischer Feigenkaktus German
cactus raquette French
figuier de Barbarie French
figuier d'Inde French
nopal French
oponce French
raquette French
chumbera Spanish
higo chumbo Spanish
higuera chumba Spanish
higuera de las Indias Spanish
nopal Spanish
tapa tapa Spanish
tuna Spanish
tuna de España Spanish
fico d'India Italian
pero pungente Italian
schijfcactus Dutch
schijfkaktus Dutch
figueira-da-índia Portuguese
fikonkaktus Swedish
опунция индийская Russian
опунция инжирная Russian
ægte figenkaktus Danish
fikenkaktus Norwegian
viikunaopuntia Finnish
fik deti Albanian
fik indie Albanian
бодлива круша Bulgarian
кактусова смокиня Bulgarian
figuera de moro comuna Catalan
figues de moro Catalan
opuncija  Croatian
μικρή φραγκοσυκιά Greek
φραγκοσυκιά Greek
naagfani Hindi
नागफनी Hindi
opuncia figovníková Slovak