EPPO Global Database

Opuntia ficus-indica(OPUFI)

Code created in: 2002-07-19

Basic information
  • EPPO Code: OPUFI
  • Preferred name: Opuntia ficus-indica
  • Authority: (Linnaeus) Miller


Mexico. Planted as an ornamental and hedging plant, frequently naturalized. Introduced in western Mediterranean, Central, Eastern and Southern Africa, North (locally) and South America. Several related species have also been introduced from America into other continents, and there is some confusion within this group of introduced Opuntia species (and possibly also hybridization)

Invasive in Corse (FR)

Other scientific names
Name Authority
Cactus ficus-indica Linnaeus
Cactus opuntia Linnaeus
Opuntia compressa (Salisbury) Macbride
Opuntia megacantha Salm-Dyck

Common names
Name Language
Barbary fig English
Indian fig English
Indian fig prickly pear English
mission cactus English
mission prickly pear English
prickly pear English
smooth mountain prickly pear English
smooth prickly pear English
sweet prickly pear English
tuna cactus English
echter Feigenkaktus German
Feigenkactus German
Feigenopuntie German
gewöhnlicher Feigenkaktus German
indischer Feigenkaktus German
cactus raquette French
figuier de Barbarie French
figuier d'Inde French
nopal French
oponce French
raquette French
chumbera Spanish
higo chumbo Spanish
higuera chumba Spanish
higuera de las Indias Spanish
nopal Spanish
tapa tapa Spanish
tuna Spanish
tuna de España Spanish
fico d'India Italian
pero pungente Italian
schijfcactus Dutch
schijfkaktus Dutch
figueira-da-índia Portuguese
figueira-de-barbária Portuguese
fikonkaktus Swedish
опунция индийская Russian
опунция инжирная Russian
ægte figenkaktus Danish
fikenkaktus Norwegian
viikunaopuntia Finnish
boerturksvy Afrikaans
fik deti Albanian
fik indie Albanian
indiapico Basque
indipikondoa Basque
бодлива круша Bulgarian
кактусова смокиня Bulgarian
figuera de moro comuna Catalan
figues de moro Catalan
lí guǒ xiān rén zhǎng Chinese
梨果仙人掌 Chinese
opuncija  Croatian
chumbeira Galician
figueira do demo Galician
μικρή φραγκοσυκιά Greek
φραγκοσυκιά Greek
naagfani Hindi
नागफनी Hindi
선인장 Korean
seon in jang Korean
cardassa Occitan
pata deu diable Occitan
opuncia figovníková Slovak