EPPO Global Database

Ocimum basilicum(OCIBA)

Code created in: 1996-10-28

Basic information
  • EPPO Code: OCIBA
  • Preferred name: Ocimum basilicum
  • Authority: Linnaeus


Origin uncertain (probably eastern Asia), not found in the wild (reputedly introduced from the Far East to Egypt, and from there to Rome, in classical times). Widely cultivated as a culinary herb in the Mediterranean region and throughout the world, rarely persisting for any significant time as an escape from cultivation. O. basilicum exists in a number of distinctive forms (some of which have been given botanical names). The Mediterranean variety is distinct from various Asiatic forms (e.g. from China, Thailand). 

Other scientific names
Name Authority
Ocimum basilicum var. album (Linnaeus) Bentham
Ocimum basilicum var. citriodora hortulanorum
Ocimum basilicum var. purpurescens Bentham
Ocimum basilicum var. thyrsiflorum (Linnaeus) Bentham

Common names
Name Language
basil English
common basil English
sweet basil English
Basilienkraut German
echtes Basilikum German
Gartenbasilienkraut German
Gartenbasilikum German
basilic French
basilic des jardins French
herbe royale French
albahaca Spanish
alfábega Spanish
alhábega Spanish
hierba de los reyes Spanish
hierba de salitre Spanish (MX)
basilico Italian
basilicum Dutch
bazielkruid Dutch
tuinbasilicum Dutch
alfavaca Portuguese
basilicão Portuguese
manjericão Portuguese
manjericão-grande Portuguese
manjerico-de-folhas-grandes Portuguese
basilika Swedish
bajiru Japanese
mebôki Japanese
バジル Japanese
メボウキ Japanese
базилик душистый Russian
базилик камфорный Russian
базилик обыкновенный Russian
базилик огородный Russian
базилик огородный Russian
sød basilikum Danish
fesleğen Turkish
bazylia pospolita Polish
bazsalikom Hungarian
albahaca Aragonese
albaka Basque
albaraca Basque
brazilla Basque
alfabaguera Catalan
alfàbrega Catalan
alfalga Catalan
aufàbiga Catalan
aufàtia Catalan
luó lè Chinese
罗勒 Chinese
bosiljak Croatian
bazalka pravá Czech
tulsi Hindi
तुलसी Hindi
selasih Indonesian
baseli Occitan
basi Occitan
pistou Occitan
bazalka pravá Slovak
васильки справжні Ukrainian