EPPO Global Database

Nicotiana rustica(NIORU)

Code created in: 2002-03-11

Basic information
  • EPPO Code: NIORU
  • Preferred name: Nicotiana rustica
  • Authority: Linnaeus


Peru. Already in cultivation in North America at the time of arrival of the first Europeans, and the first tobacco to be taken to Europe. Cultivated in many parts of the world (producing a tobacco with a high nicotine content), but to a much reduced extent now compared with N. tabacum (q.v.). N. rustica now mainly occurs as a weed of cultivation. Introduced in Euromediterranean region, Central Asia, Western Asia, Himalayas, India, Indochina, China, Korea, Mali to Tchad, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sénégal to Nigeria, Zaïre, East Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, South Africa, USA (locally in east), Mexico, Caribbean, South America (except southern cone)

Common names
Name Language
aztec tobacco English
nicotine tobacco English
small tobacco English
wild tobacco English
Bauerntabak German
nicotiane rustique French
petit tabac French
tabac rustique French
tabaco Spanish
tabaco menor Spanish
tabaco moruno Spanish
tabaco rústico Spanish
tabaco verde Spanish
tabacco brasile Italian
tabacco del Brasile Italian
boerentabak Dutch
mapacho Portuguese (BR)
bondtobak Swedish
ацтекский табак Russian
бакун Russian
дикий табак Russian
индийский табак Russian
махорка Russian
табак деревенский Russian
табак махорка Russian
турецкий табак Russian
тютюн Russian
palturitupakka Finnish
hasankeyf tütünü Turkish
tytón bakun Polish
tserebél dohány Hungarian
duhan Albanian
basatabako Basque
тютюн Bulgarian
tabac de pols Catalan
tabac pelut Catalan
tabac pota Catalan
huáng huā yān cǎo Chinese
黄花烟草 Chinese
seoski duhan Croatian
tabák selský Czech
토담배 Korean
to dam bae Korean
крџа Serbian
tabak sedliacký Slovak
kmečki tobak Slovene
тютюн махорка Ukrainian