EPPO Global Database

'Candidatus Liberibacter africanus'(LIBEAF)

Distribution details in South Africa

Situation
Current pest situation evaluated by EPPO on the basis of information dated 2006: Present, restricted distribution
First recorded in: 1920s
From CABI Disease map 765 (1998): Present, widespread
From NPPO: Present, restricted distribution
Comments
A survey carried out in 2006 concluded that only 'Candidatus Liberibacter africanus' occurs in South Africa (Pietersen et al., 2010).
References
* Berg, M. A. van den (1990) Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 30 (3-4), 171-194.

* Buitendag, C. H. (1991) Citrus Journal 1 (1), 35-40.

* Korsten, L.; Jagoueix, S.; Bove, J. M.; Garnier, M. (1996) Proceedings of the 13th Conference of the International Organization of Citrus Virologists, 395-398. Department of Plant Pathology, University of California, Riverside, USA.

* Phahladira MNB, Viljoen R, Pietersen G (2012) Widespread occurrence of 'Candidatus Liberibacter africanus subspecies capensis' in Calodendrum capense in South Africa. Europrean Journal of Plant Pathology 134(1), 39-47.
------- It seems that natural spread of 'Ca. L. africanus subsp. capensis' from Calodendrum capense to citrus does not occur.

* Mead, F. W. (1976) Entomology Circular, Division of Plant Industry, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services No. 168, 4 pp.
------- Contains information on distribution of the vector Trioza erytreae.

* Pietersen G, Arrebola E, Breytenbach JHJ, Korsten L, Le Roux HF, La Grange H, Lopes, SA, Meyer JB, Pretorius MC, Schwerdtfeger M, van Vuuren SP, Yamamoto P (2010) A survey for 'Candidatus Liberibacter' species in South Africa confirms the presence of only 'Ca. L. africanus' in commercial citrus. Plant Disease 94(2), 244-249.