EPPO Global Database

Ilex aquifolium(ILEAQ)

Pests

Organism Type
Cacoecimorpha pronubana (TORTPR) Incidental
Phytophthora kernoviae (PHYTKE) Minor
Phytophthora ramorum (PHYTRA) Minor
* USDA (2010) Phytophthora ramorum Werres, de Cock & Man in’t Veld. Pest Risk Assessment for Oregon.  https://static1.squarespace.com/static/58740d57579fb3b4fa5ce66f/t/599dec4b2994ca3914cdde86/1503521868110/Pram_PRA_OR_11192010.pdf
Anoplophora chinensis (as Ilex) (ANOLCN) Unclassified
* Sjöman H, Östberg J & Nilsson J (2014) Review of host trees for the wood-boring pests Anoplophora glabripennis and Anoplophora chinensis: an urban forest perspective. Arboriculture & Urban Forestry 40(3), 143–164.
Ceroplastes ceriferus (as Ilex) (CERPCE) Unclassified
Trichoferus campestris (as Ilex) (HESOCA) Unclassified
* Iwata R & Yamada F (1990) Notes on the biology of Hesperophanes campestris, a drywood borer in Japan. Material und Organismen 25, 305–313.
Xylella fastidiosa (XYLEFA) Unclassified
* EFSA (2020) Scientific report on the update of the Xylella spp. host plant database – systematic literature search up to 30 June 2019. EFSA Journal 18(4), 6114, 61 pp. https://doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa.2020.6133
Xylella fastidiosa subsp. multiplex (XYLEFM) Unclassified
* EFSA (2020) Scientific report on the update of the Xylella spp. host plant database – systematic literature search up to 30 June 2019. EFSA Journal 18(4), 6114, 61 pp. https://doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa.2020.6133