EPPO Global Database

Jatropha curcas(IATCU)

Code created in: 2001-11-08

Basic information
  • EPPO Code: IATCU
  • Preferred name: Jatropha curcas
  • Authority: Linnaeus


Mexico, Central America, Caribbean, South America (except southern cone). Cultivated for the oil extracted from its fruits, and for its medicinal (purgative) properties. Introduced in Western Asia (Yemen, Arabia), India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Indochina (except Myanmar, Vietnam), Malesia, Tchad to Somalia, Sénégal to Côte d'Ivoire, Burkina Faso, Togo, Gabon, Zaïre, Angola, New Guinea, Australia (Queensland)

Other scientific names
Name Authority
Curcas curcas (Linnaeus) Britton

Common names
Name Language
Barbados nut English
physic nut English (AU)
physic nut tree English
purging nut English
Purgiernußbaum German
noix de médecine French
pignon d'Inde French
pourghère French
árbol santo Spanish (PA)
frailejón Spanish
tartago Spanish (HN)
tartago Spanish (PR)
tempate Spanish (MX)
fava purgatrice Italian
giatrofa catarcita Italian
ricino maggiore Italian
purgeernoot Dutch
mandubiguacu Portuguese (BR)
pinhão-de-purga Portuguese (BR)
purgueira Portuguese
jarak Indonesian