EPPO Global Database

Fusarium circinatum(GIBBCI)

Distribution details in South Africa

Situation
Current pest situation evaluated by EPPO on the basis of information dated 2017: Present, restricted distribution
First recorded in: 1990
From CABI Disease map 753 (2012): Present, no details
Comments
EPPO Reporting Service (1996/70) : first observed in 1990-1992. Only on pine seedlings, not on mature trees in commercial forests. All pine species grown in South Africa are exotic.

EPPO Reporting Service (2009/021) : reported from a plantation of Pinus radiata, West Cape Province.
References
* Coutinho TA, Steenkamp ET, Mongwaketsi K, Wilmot M, Wingfield MJ (2007) First outbreak of pitch canker in a South African pine plantation. Australasian Plant Pathology 36(3), 256-261 (abst.).
------- On a plantation of Pinus radiata.

* Fru FF, Steenkamp ET, Wingfield MJ, Santana QC, Roux J (2017) Unique clones of the pitch canker fungus, Fusarium circinatum, associated with a new disease outbreak in South Africa. European Journal of Plant Pathology 148(1), 97-107.
------- On Pinus radiata and P. greggii in Western and Eastern Cape provinces.

* Hoffmann, J. H.; Moran, V. C.; Wilgen, B. W. van (2011) African Entomology 19 (2), 393-401.

* Mitchell, R. G.; Steenkamp, E. T.; Coutinho, T. A.; Wingfield, M. J. (2011) Southern Forests: a Journal of Forest Science 73 (1), 1-13.

* Porter, B.; Wingfield, M. J.; Coutinho, T. A. (2009) South African Journal of Botany 75 (2), 380-382.
------- Western Cape.

* Steenkamp ET, Makhari OM, Coutinho TA, Wingfield BD, Wingfield MJ (2014) Evidence for a new introduction of the pitch canker fungus Fusarium circinatum in South Africa. Plant Pathology 63(3), 530-538.
------ Studies showing that probably several introductions took place in the West Cape Province.

* van Wyk SJP, Boutigny AL, Coutinho TA, Viljoen A (2012) Sanitation of a South African forestry nursery contaminated with Fusarium circinatum using hydrogen peroxide at specific oxidation reduction potentials. Plant Disease 96(6), 875-880.
------- Pitch canker occurs in almost all pine seedling nurseries throughout South Africa. It is the most important constraint to pine seedling production.

* Viljoen, A.; Wingfield, M.J.; Kemp, G.H.J.; Marasas, W.F.O. (1995) Susceptibility of pines in South Africa to the pitch canker fungus Fusarium subglutinans f.sp. pini. Plant Pathology, 44(5), 877-882.