New data on quarantine pests and pests on the EPPO Alert List
By searching through the literature, the EPPO Secretariat has extracted the following new data concerning quarantine pests and pests included on the EPPO Alert List. The situation of the pest concerned is indicated in bold, using the terms from ISPM no. 8.
- New records
In Chile, during surveys carried out in commercial crops Arabis mosaic virus (Nepovirus - EU Annexes) was detected on Rubus idaeus and Ribes sanguineum. In addition, Tobacco ringspot virus (Nepovirus – EPPO A2 List) was detected in Vaccinium corymbosum (Medina et al., 2006). Present, no details.
Diaphorina citri (Homoptera: Aphalaridae – EPPO A1 List, vector of citrus huanglongbing) is reported from the northeast of Argentina (Augier et al., 2006). Present, in the northeast.
Glomerella acutata (anamorph Colletotrichum acutatum – formerly EU Annexes) is reported for the first time on strawberry (Fragaria ananassa cv. ‘Elsanta’) in the Czech Republic (Novotný et al., 2007). Present, no details.
In Bosnia and Herzegovina, Liriomyza bryoniae (Diptera: Agromyzidae – EU Annexes), L. trifolii (Diptera: Agromyzidae – EPPO A2 List), and Frankliniella occidentalis (Thysanoptera: Thripidae – EPPO A2 List) are reported as damaging pests on vegetable crops grown under glasshouses (Kohnić et al., 2006). Present, no details.
Tomato chlorotic dwarf viroid (Pospiviroid) is reported for the first time in Japan. It was detected causing leaf chlorosis and stunting on commercial tomato plants in Hiroshima Prefecture, Honshu (Matsushita et al., 2008). Present, first reported in 2008 in Honshu.
Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. citri (EPPO A1 List) is reported for the first time from Ethiopia (Eshetu and Sijam, 2007). The host range of citrus canker in Ethiopia was limited to Mexican lime (Citrus aurantiifolia) and sour orange (C. aurantium). Present, no details.
- Detailed records
Anastrepha obliqua (Diptera: Tephritidae – EPPO A1 List) and Ceratitis capitata (EPPO A2 List) occur in the State of Tocantins, Brazil (do Bomfim et al., 2007).
In Mexico, Arceuthobium vaginatum subsp. durangense (EPPO A1 List) is reported to occur in the states of Durango, Sinaloa and Jalisco (mainly on the western edge of the Sierra Madre Occidental). Recently, this dwarf mistletoe was observed for the first time on Pinus cooperi and P. engelmanni in the central part of Sierra Madre Occidental, in the state of Durango (Mathiasen, 2007).
Curtobacterium flaccumflaciens pv. flaccumfaciens (EPPO A2 List) occurs in the State of Santa Catarina, Brazil (de Theodoro and Maringoni, 2006).
Surveys carried out from 2002 to 2004 showed that Eutetranychus orientalis (Acari: Tetranychidae – EPPO A2 List) occurs on vegetable crops in Jharkhand, India (Rabindra et al., 2006).
In South Africa, Gibberella circinata (anamorph Fusarium circinatum – EPPO A1 List) is reported for the first time on a plantation of Pinus radiata in the West Cape Province. So far in South Africa, G. circinata was only present in pine nurseries (Coutinho et al., 2007).
In Russia, Ips amitinus (Coleoptera: Scolytidae – EU Annexes) occurs in Central Russia (Bryansk, Leningrad, Novgorod) and Northern Russia (Kareliya, Murmansk) (Zoological Institute St Petersburg website).
Tomato yellow leaf curl virus (Geminivirus – EPPO A2 List) occurs in Arizona and California, USA (Rojas et al., 2007).
Tomato spotted wilt virus (Tospovirus – EPPO A2 List) occurs on tomatoes (Lycopersicon esculentum) in Baja California, Mexico (Holguín-Peña and Rueda-Puente, 2007).
Xanthomonas translucens pv. translucens (EPPO A2 List) occurs in Rajasthan, India (Hemant and Maharshi, 2006).
- Host plants
Chrysanthemum stunt viroid (Pospiviroid – EPPO A2 List) was detected for the first time in commercial bulbs of Dahlia spp. in Japan. It was detected in 77% of the tested plants (Nakashima et al., 2007).
Murraya paniculata (Rutaceae, grown for ornamental purposes) is known to be a host of Diaphorina citri, a vector of huanglongbing (caused by ‘Candidatus Liberibacter spp.’ – EPPO A1 List). However the presence of these phytoplasmas in M. paniculata remained uncertain. In China (Guangdong Province), 3 plants of M. paniculata showing yellowing and mottling symptoms were observed near a citrus orchard affected by huanglongbing. The presence of ‘Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus’ was detected by PCR in these symptomatic plants (Deng et al., 2007).
Tomato spotted wilt virus (Tospovirus, TSWV – EPPO A2 List) has been detected in Stevia rebaudiana (Asteraceae) and potato (Solanum tuberosum) in Greece. S. rebaudiana is reported as a host plant for the first time, and in Greece, it is the first time that a natural infection of TSWV is observed on potato (Chatzivassiliou et al., 2007).
Augier L, Gastaminza G, Lizondo M, Argañaraz M, Acosta M, Willink E (2006) [Detection of the vector of huanglongbing Diaphorina citri Kuwayama in northeast Argentina.] Avance Agroindustrial 27(4), 10-12 (abst.).
Chatzivassiliou EK, Peters D, Lolas P (2007) Occurrence of Tomato spotted wilt virus in Stevia rebaudiana and Solanum tuberosum in Northern Greece. Plant Disease 91(9), p 1205.
Coutinho TA, Steenkamp ET, Mongwaketsi K, Wilmot M, Wingfield MJ (2007) First outbreak of pitch canker in a South African pine plantation. Australasian Plant Pathology 36(3), 256-261 (abst.).
Deng X, Zhou G, Li H, Chen J, Civerolo EL 52007) Nested-PCR detection and sequence confirmation of ‘Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus’ from Murraya paniculata in Guangdong, China. Plant Disease 91(8), p 1051.
De Theodoro GF, Maringoni AC (2006) [Curtobacterium bean wilt: description and control.] Agropecuária Catarinense 19(1), 62-64.
Do Bomfim DA, Uchôa-Fernandez MA, Bragança MAL (2007) [Biodiversity of fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritoidea) in native forests and orchards in two counties of the state of Tocantins, Brazil.] Revista Brasileira de Entomologia 51(2), 217-223 (abst.).
Eshetu D, Sijam K (2007) Citrus canker: a new disease of Mexican lime (Citrus aurantiifolia) and sour orange (C. aurantium) in Ethiopia. Fruits 62(2), 89-98 (abst.).
Hemant S, Maharshi RP (2006) Seed transmission of Xanthomonas campestris pv. translucens, the inducer of bacterial stripe and black chaff in barley. Indian Phytopathology 59(3), 287-289 (abst.).
Holguín-Peña RJ, Rueda-Puente EO (2007) Detection of Tomato spotted wilt virus in tomato in the Baja California Peninsula of Mexico. Plant Disease 91(12), p 1682.
Kohnić A, Ostojić I, Karić N (2006) [Vegetable pests in greenhouses in territory of Herzegovina.] Radovi Poljoprivrednog Fakulteta Univerziteta u Sarajevu 51(2), 139-140 (abst.).
Mathiasen R (2007) First report of Durangan dwarf mistletoe (Arceuthobium vaginatum subsp. durangense, on Pinus cooperi and P. engelmannii in Mexico. Plant Disease 91(9), p 1201.
Matsushita Y, Kanda A, Usugi T, Tsuda S (2008) First report of a Tomato chlorotic dwarf viroid disease on tomato plants in Japan. Journal of General Plant Pathology 74(2), 182-184 (abst.).
Medina C, Matus JT, Zúñiga M, San-Martín C, Arce-Johnson P (2006) Occurrence and distribution of viruses in commercial plantings of Rubus, Ribes and Vaccinium species in Chile. Ciencia e Investigación Agraria 33(1), 23-28 (abst.).
Nakashima A, Hosokawa M, Maeda S, Yazawa S (2007) Journal of General Plant Pathology 73(3), 225-227 (abst.).
Novotný D, Křížková I, Krátká J, Salava J (2007) First report of anthracnose caused by Colletotrichum acutatum on strawberry in the Czech Republic. Plant Disease 91(11), p 1516.
Rabindra P, Sanjay K, Devendra P (2006) An account of mite pest fauna associated with common vegetables grown in Ranchi. Journal of Plant Protection and Environment 3(1), 149-151 (abst.)
Rojas MR, Kon T, Natwick ET, Polston JE, Akad F, Gilbertson RL (2007) First report of Tomato yellow leaf curl virus associated with Tomato yellow leaf curl disease in California. Plant Disease 91(8), p 1056.
INTERNET (last retrieved 2008-03)
Zoological Institute RAS, St Petersburg, Russia. Beetles (Coleoptera) and Coleopterists. Two new bark beetles (Scolytidae) pests in fauna of Russia by Michail Mandelshtam, 2001-10-12. http://www.zin.ru/Animalia/Coleoptera/eng/sl_pest2.htm