EPPO Global Database

Erwinia amylovora(ERWIAM)

Distribution details in North Macedonia

Current pest situation evaluated by EPPO on the basis of information dated 2016: Present, widespread
First recorded in: 1986
From CABI Disease map 002 (2017): Present, widespread
EPPO Reporting Service (1996/145) : present in eastern part in several districts.

EPPO Reporting Service (1997/170) : first observed in 1986 in a quince orchard near the Greek border and in a pear orchard near Radovish. Spread to more than 400 ha of pear and 60 ha of quince in 3 years.

EPPO Reporting Service (1998/207) : a map of the situation in 1990 shows over half the country affected.
* Arsenijevic M, Panic M, Antonijevic D (1991) Zastita Bilja 42 (2), 87-97.

* Balaz J, Grahovac M, Radunovic D, Ilicic R, Krstic M (2013) The status of Erwinia amylovora in the Former Yugoslav Republics over the past two decades. Pesticides and Phytomedicine (Belgrade) 28(1), 9–22. https://doi.org/10.2298/PIF1301009B

* Gavrilovic V, Arsenijevic M, Panic M, Jovanivic G (1998) New occurrences of fireblight pathogen in yugoslavia from 1992-1997. 8th International Workshop on fireblight, Kusadasi, TR, 1998-10-12/15, p 19.

* Mitrev S, Kostadinovska E (2016) Isolation and characterization of the fire blight pathogen, Erwinia amylovora, isolated from apple tree in the Republic of Macedonia. Journal of Plant Pathology 98(3), 577-580.
------- On apple (Malus domestica).

* Mitrev S, Kostadinovska E (2013) Wild pear - Pyrus pyraster as a new host of Erwinia amylovora in Macedonia. Journal of Plant Pathology 95(1), 167-170.
------- On wild pear (Pyrus pyraster).

* Panic M, Arsenijevic M (1993) Acta Horticulturae 338, 89-91.
------- East.

* Pejchinovski FD (1996) Acta Horticulturae 411, 17-20.

* Trajcevski T (1999) Macedonian Agricultural Review 46 (1/2), 49-56.
Situation in neighbouring countries
Country State Status
Albania Present, restricted distribution view...
Bulgaria Present, widespread view...
Greece Kriti Present, restricted distribution view...
Greece Present, widespread view...
Serbia Present, restricted distribution view...