Situation of fireblight in Yugoslavia
A monograph from Panic ; Arsenijevic (1996) presents the situation of Erwinia amylovora (EPPO A2 quarantine pest) in Yugoslavia, and further details were presented at the 8th international Workshop on fireblight. Several maps showed the spread of the disease in Yugoslavia until 1996. The maps below present the situation in former Yugoslavia in 1990 and the situation for Yugoslavia in 1996 (Serbia and Montenegro). Although the two maps are not at the same scale, it can be seen that the disease is still spreading in Serbia and Montenegro. From 1992 to 1998, E. amylovora was mainly found on pear, quince and medlars (Mespilus germanica). In 1995, fireblight started to be seen on apple and was severe in the northern and central part of Yugoslavia (Belgrade, Sombor, Smederevo, and Zrenjanin). In 1997, it was found for the first time on Pyracantha coccinea in the city of Novi Sad. But so far, the disease has not been observed on Cotoneaster or Sorbus.
Situation in former Yugoslavia in 1990 Situation in Serbia and Montenegro (YU) in 1996
In this region of Central Europe, it can be recalled that Slovenia is still free from the disease. E. amylovora was first found in Croatia in 1995 (EPPO RS 96/004) and has a restricted distribution in eastern Slavonia, near the border with Serbia (under eradication). It is present in the north of Bosnia and Herzegovina (EPPO RS 96/145). In Macedonia, it was first observed in 1986 and has spread to more than 400 ha of pears and 60 ha of quince (EPPO RS 97/170).
Gavriloviº, V.; Arsenijeviº, M.; Paniº, M.; Jovaniviº, G. (1998) New occurrences of fireblight pathogen in Yugoslavia from 1992-1997.
Abstract of a paper presented at the 8th International Workshop on Fire Blight, Kusadasi (TR), 1998-10-12/15, p 19.
Paniº, M.; Arsenijeviº, M. (1996) Bacteriozna plamenjaca vocaka i ukrasnih biljaka – Erwinia amylovora – Monograph.