EPPO Global Database

Erwinia amylovora(ERWIAM)

Distribution details in Iran

Situation
Current pest situation evaluated by EPPO on the basis of information dated 2013: Present, restricted distribution
First recorded in: 1989
From CABI Disease map 002 (2017): Present, restricted distribution
Comments
EPPO Reporting Service (1996/43) : first detected at Karaj; now in many fruit orchards in Qazvin and west Azerbayjan provinces.

EPPO Reporting Service (2000/022) : severe outbreaks in 1992/1997 in orchards and a few nurseries in Tehran and west Azerbaijan provinces, especially on quince.

EPPO Reporting Service (2006/234) : now recorded in Azarbaijan, Ghazvin, Gilan, Mazandaran, Tehran provinces, all in the north.

Also in Kurdistan (Western part of the country) on pear orchards.
References
* Gerami E, Hassanzadeh N, Abdollahi H, Ghasemi A, Heydari A (2013) Evaluation of some bactrial antagonists for biological control of fire blight disease. Journal of Plant Pathology 95(1), 127-134.
------- Fireblight was first found in Iran in 1989 in pear orchards near Karaj (Alborz province); then found in many pomefruit-producting regions.

* Gorjizadeh, N.; Keshavarzi, M.; Damyar, S.; Naeemi, M. (2016) Seed and Plant Improvement. Journal 31 (4), Pe629-Pe640.

* Hassanzadeh N (1997) Applied Entomology and Phytopathology 66 (1&2), 11-12.
------- Tehran.

* Kazempour MN, Kamran E, Ali B (2006) Journal of Plant Pathology 88 (1), 113-116.
------- Azarbaijan, Ghazvin, Gilan, Mazandaran, Tehran provinces.

* Maroofi A, Mostafavi M (1996) Acta Horticulturae 411, 395-399.

* Mollaei SN, Harighi B (2013) First report of fire blight on pear trees caused by Erwinia amylovora in Kurdistan province, Iran. Plant Disease 97(8), 1111-1112.
------- On pear in Kurdistan province.

* Rahnama K, Mazarei M (2002) Acta Horticulturae 590, 99-102.

* Seidghasemi, A.; Hosseinipour, A.; Khodaygan, P.; Masoomi, H. (2015) Iranian Journal of Plant Pathology 51 (2), Pe277-Pe280.

* Sough, F. S.; Keshavarzi, M.; Hassanzade, N.; Hashemi, M.; Abdollahi, H.; Tawosi, M. (2010) Iranian Journal of Plant Pathology 46 (3), Pe275-Pe278, En77-En78.
Situation in neighbouring countries
Country State Status
Armenia Present, restricted distribution view...
Azerbaijan Absent, invalid record view...
Turkey Present, widespread view...