EPPO Global Database

EPPO Reporting Service no. 11 - 2006 Num. article: 2006/234

Details on the situation of Erwinia amylovora in Iran

In Iran, Erwinia amylovora (EPPO A2 list) was reported for the first time in 1991 on pear trees in Karaj (Tehran province), and then found in many orchards in the provinces of Azarbaijan, Ghazvin and Mazandaran. During a survey of pear orchards in different areas of the province of Gilan, symptoms of necrotic shoots and bacterial exudates were observed in pear trees. Based on morphological, biochemical and physiological characters, as well as PCR, most bacterial isolates were identified as E. amylovora.
The situation of Erwinia amylovora in Iran can be described as follows: Present, first reported in 1991, found in the north (provinces of Azarbaijan, Ghazvin, Gilan, Mazandaran, Tehran).


Kazempour MN, Kamran E, Ali B (2006) Erwinia amylovora causing fireblight or pear in the Guilan province of Iran. Journal of Plant Pathology 88(1), 113-116.