EPPO Global Database

Erwinia amylovora(ERWIAM)

Distribution details in Israel

Situation
Current pest situation evaluated by EPPO on the basis of information dated 2015: Present, widespread
First recorded in: 1985
Pest status declared by NPPO: Present, widespread (2011-06)
From CABI Disease map 002 (2017): Present, widespread
Comments
Symptoms of the disease were first observed in 1985 in an orchard near Rosh Pinna (northern Israel). Despite phytosanitary measures, the disease then rapidly spread across the country. Intensity of firebligh epidemics varied markedly over time.

EPPO Reporting Service no. 459.

EPPO Reporting Service (1998/31) : isolates from Israel are homogeneous and indistinguishable from those in nearby countries (Cyprus, Greece, Egypt).

EPPO Reporting Service (2001/073) : a survey of the current situation in Israel.
References
* Beer SV, Shabi E, Zutra D (1986) Fireblight in Israel. Bulletin OEPP/EPPO Bulletin 16 (4), 639-645.

* Manulis S, Kleitman F, Dror O, David I, Zutra D (1998) Phytoparasitica 26 (1), 39-46.

* Manulis S, Zutra D, Ga'ash D, Kleitman F, Dror O, Elisha S, David I, Rav-David D, Zilberstaine M, Herzog Z, Shabi E (1996) Phytoparasitica 24 (2), 161.

* NPPO of Israel (2011-06).

* Shabi E, Zutra D (1987) Five years of fireblight in Israel. Acta Horticulturae No. 217, 23-31.

* Shabi E, Zutra D, Beer SV (1986) Fire blight - A new disease in Israel. Phytoparasitica 14(3), 252-253.
------- First records from Israel.

* Shtienberg D, Manulis-Sasson S, Zilberstaine M, Oppenheim D, Shwartz H (2015) The incessant battle against fire blight in pears: 30 years of challenges and successes in managing the disease in Israel. Plant Disease 99(8), 1048-1057.
-------- A review.
Situation in neighbouring countries
Country State Status
Egypt Present, restricted distribution view...
Jordan Present, no details view...
Lebanon Present, widespread view...
Syria Present, restricted distribution view...