EPPO Global Database

Eruca vesicaria subsp. sativa(ERUVE)

Last modification: 2002-10-24

Basic information
  • EPPO code: ERUVE
  • Preferred name: Eruca vesicaria subsp. sativa
  • Authority: (Miller) Thellung


Originally Mediterranean region, extending in cultivation to Western Asia, Central Asia, China, Mongolia. Cultivated as a salad and oilseed plant. A distinction is generally made between the cultivated plant considered here (subsp. sativa) and its wild ancestor (subsp. vesicaria), but this has little botanical validity. Selected seed is sold for garden use, but the plants readily seed themselves and lose any distinctive character, becoming weeds of cultivated land. Introduced in northern Europe, India, Siberia, Russian Far East, Japan, some African countries, North America, South America

WSSA list of weeds in North America

Other scientific names
Name Authority
Eruca sativa Miller

Common names
Name Language
arugula English (US)
garden rocket English (US)
hedge mustard English
purple-vein rocket English (AU)
rocket salad English (US)
salad rocket English
Gartenruke German
Gartensenfrauke German
Ölrauke German
Raukenkohl German
Ruke German
Saatruke German
Senfkohl German
roquette cultivée French
roquette des jardins French
roquette vraie French
ruce French
aballicos Spanish
eruca Spanish
jaramago blanco Spanish
oruga Spanish
oruga blanca Spanish
roqueta Spanish
ruca Spanish (AR)
rucula oruga Spanish
ruchetta Italian
rucola Italian
rucola comune Italian
eruca Dutch
wilde kool Dutch
zwaardherik Dutch
eruca Portuguese
fedorento Portuguese
oruga Portuguese
senapskål Swedish
гусеничник посевной Russian
индау посевной Russian
руккола Russian
рукола Russian
эрука посевная Russian
rucola Danish
ben-chardal matzui Hebrew
בֶּן=חַרְדָּל מָצוּי Hebrew
rokietta siewna Polish
borsmustár Hungarian
chariat labied Arabic
jarjir Arabic
kalkaz labied Arabic
посевна ерука Bulgarian
ruca Catalan
zhī ma cài shǔ Chinese
芝麻菜属 Chinese
roketa setá Czech
ρόκα Greek
voinicică Romanian
културна рига Serbian
усјевна рига Serbian
arugula Slovak
aruka siata Slovak
navadna rukvica Slovene
індау посівний Ukrainian