EPPO Global Database

Cyperus esculentus(CYPES)

Code created in: 2002-08-22

Basic information
  • EPPO Code: CYPES
  • Preferred name: Cyperus esculentus
  • Authority: Linnaeus


Mediterranean, Macaronesia, Caucasus, Western Asia, Himalayas, India, Bangladesh, Africa (throughout), Madagascar, Canada (British Columbia and eastern), USA (practically throughout), Mexico, Central America, Caribbean, South America (except central Brazil and southern cone). Cultivated for its edible tubers. Introduced in some eastern European countries, China, Indochina, Malesia, New Guinea, Australia (New South Wales), New Zealand

Other scientific names
Name Authority
Chlorocyperus aureus Palla
Cyperus aureus Tenore
Cyperus esculentus var. esculentus Linnaeus
Cyperus esculentus var. heermannii (Buckley) Britton
Cyperus esculentus var. macrostachys Böckeler
Cyperus esculentus var. sativus Böckeler
Cyperus nervosus Bertoloni

Common names
Name Language
chufa English (US)
earth almond English (US)
edible cyperus English
tiger nut English
watergrass English
yellow nutgrass English (US)
yellow nutsedge English (US)
Erdmandel German
Erdmandelgras German
eßbares Zypergras German
amande de terre French
souchet comestible French
souchet doré French
souchet sucré French
souchet sultan French
souchet tubéreux French
canchilla Spanish
chufa Spanish
chufa amarilla Spanish (CO)
chufa común Spanish
coquillo Spanish (HN)
cotufa Spanish
juncia avellanada Spanish
junquillo Spanish (AR)
bacicci Italian
bagigi Italian
cipero dolce Italian
dolcichini Italian
dolcichino Italian
mandorle di terra Italian
ulvia di padule Italian
zigolo dolce Italian
zizzola terrestri Italian
aard-amandel Dutch
knolcypergras Dutch
knolcyperus Dutch
chufa Portuguese
esquinho Portuguese
junça Portuguese
junça-de-comer Portuguese
junça-doce Portuguese
junça-mansa Portuguese
juncinha Portuguese
juncinha-avelanada Portuguese
junquinha-avelanada Portuguese
junquinha-mansa Portuguese
tiririca-amarela Portuguese (BR)
tiririca-mansa Portuguese (BR)
jordmandel Swedish
kihamasuge Japanese
shokuyôka-yatsuri Japanese
キハマスゲ Japanese
ショクヨウカヤツリ Japanese
сычь съедобная Russian
чуфа Russian
göcelebüken Turkish
madulapalka Hungarian
truskë Albanian
чуфа Bulgarian
xuflera Catalan
yóu suō cǎo Chinese
油莎草 Chinese
jajca  Croatian
šáchor jedlý Czech
κίπρινι κύπερι Greek
κίπρινι κύπερι Greek
šachornik jedlý Slovak
užitna ostrica Slovene
смикавець їстивний Ukrainian