EPPO Global Database

Cyperus esculentus(CYPES)

Last modification: 2002-08-22

Basic information
  • EPPO code: CYPES
  • Preferred name: Cyperus esculentus
  • Authority: Linnaeus


Mediterranean, Macaronesia, Caucasus, southern Asia. Cultivated for its edible tubers. Naturalized in some eastern European countries. Also present in North, Central and South America, where it is divided into several subspecies not occurring in the Old World range

Other scientific names
Name Authority
Chlorocyperus aureus Palla
Cyperus aureus Tenore
Cyperus esculentus var. esculentus Linnaeus
Cyperus esculentus var. heermannii (Buckley) Britton
Cyperus esculentus var. macrostachys Böckeler
Cyperus esculentus var. sativus Böckeler
Cyperus nervosus Bertoloni

Common names
Name Language
чуфа Bulgarian
xuflera Catalan
šáchor jedlý Czech
Erdmandel German
Erdmandelgras German
eßbares Zypergras German
κίπρινι κύπερι Greek
κίπρινι κύπερι Greek
chufa English (US)
earth almond English (US)
edible cyperus English
tiger nut English
watergrass English
yellow nutgrass English (US)
yellow nutsedge English (US)
canchilla Spanish
chufa Spanish
chufa amarilla Spanish (CO)
chufa común Spanish
coquillo Spanish (HN)
cotufa Spanish
juncia avellanada Spanish
junquillo Spanish (AR)
amande de terre French
souchet comestible French
souchet doré French
souchet sucré French
souchet sultan French
souchet tubéreux French
jajca  Croatian
madulapalka Hungarian
bacicci Italian
bagigi Italian
cipero dolce Italian
dolcichini Italian
dolcichino Italian
mandorle di terra Italian
ulvia di padule Italian
zigolo dolce Italian
zizzola terrestri Italian
キハマスゲ Japanese
ショクヨウカヤツリ Japanese
kihamasuge Japanese
shokuyôka-yatsuri Japanese
aard-amandel Dutch
knolcypergras Dutch
knolcyperus Dutch
chufa Portuguese
esquinho Portuguese
junça Portuguese
junça-de-comer Portuguese
junça-doce Portuguese
junça-mansa Portuguese
juncinha Portuguese
juncinha-avelanada Portuguese
junquinha-avelanada Portuguese
junquinha-mansa Portuguese
tiririca-amarela Portuguese (BR)
tiririca-mansa Portuguese (BR)
сычь съедобная Russian
чуфа Russian
šachornik jedlý Slovak
užitna ostrica Slovene
truskë Albanian
jordmandel Swedish
göcelebüken Turkish
смикавець їстивний Ukrainian
yóu suō cǎo Chinese
油莎草 Chinese