EPPO Global Database

Citrullus colocynthis(CITCO)

Code created in: 1996-10-28

Basic information
  • EPPO Code: CITCO
  • Preferred name: Citrullus colocynthis
  • Authority: (Linnaeus) Schrader


Southern Mediterranean and Sahel, to Sudan and Ethiopia. Cultivated since ancient times. Introduced in  Western Asia, Central Asia, Indian subcontinent, China, Indochina, Africa generally, North and Central America, Caribbean , South America

WSSA list of weeds in North America

Other scientific names
Name Authority
Colocynthis vulgaris Linnaeus
Cucumis colocynthis Linnaeus

Common names
Name Language
bitter apple English
bitter-apple English
bitter cucumber English
colocynth English
perennial wild melon English
Arbuse German
Bitterapfel German
Bitter-Apfel German
Koloquinte German
Wassermelone German
coloquinthe French
coloquintida Spanish
naranja purgante Spanish
tuera Spanish
coloquinda Italian
coloquintide Italian
pomo amaro Italian
popone amaro Italian
kolokvint Swedish
арбуз колоцинт Russian
kolokvint Danish
kolokvint Norwegian
kolokvintti Finnish
acı karpuz Turkish
avattiach happakku'ah Hebrew
אֲבַטִּיחַ הַפַּקּוּעָה Hebrew
arbuz kolokwinta Polish
kolocynta Polish
kolokwinta Polish
hdej Arabic
колоцинт  Bulgarian
coloquinta Catalan
кавун колоцинт Ukrainian