EPPO Global Database

Allium cepa(ALLCE)

Last modification: 1999-07-13

Basic information
  • EPPO code: ALLCE
  • Preferred name: Allium cepa
  • Authority: Linnaeus


Possibly of Central Asian origin. Widely cultivated in Europe and Asia as a food and flavouring plant since ancient times, in numerous cultivated forms, and more recently worldwide. Occurs as an escape from cultivation 

One type of cultivated onion, known as shallot, was previously considered as a separate species A. ascalonicum. Shallots are now considered to belong among the Aggregatum types (q.v.) of A. cepa

Common names
Name Language
кромид лук Bulgarian
кромидът Bulgarian
ceba Catalan
cibule kuchyňská Czech
forårsløg Danish
kepa-løg Danish
løg Danish
skalotte-løg Danish
Bolle German
gewöhnliche Zwiebel German
Hauszwiebel German
Kartoffelzwiebel German
Küchenzwiebel German
Sommerzwiebel German
Zwiebel German
garden onion English
onion English
scallion English (US)
cebolla Spanish
escalona Spanish
ail oignon French
oignon French
oignon des jardins French
oignon patate French
shum Hebrew
שׁוּם Hebrew
obični luk Croatian
vöröshagyma Hungarian
cipolla Italian
cipollina Italian
ui Dutch
cebula Polish
czosnek cebula Polish
cebola Portuguese
chalotas Portuguese
ceapă Romanian
лук репчатый Russian
cesnak cibuľový Slovak
čebula Slovene
qepë Albanian
лук Serbian
lök Swedish
soğan Turkish
цибуля городня Ukrainian
yáng cōng Chinese
洋葱 Chinese