EPPO Global Database

Abies concolor(ABICO)

Pests

Organism Type
Melampsora medusae (as Abies) (MELMME) Experimental
* Pinon J (1986) Situation de Melampsora medusae en Europe. Bulletin OEPP/EPPO Bulletin 16, 547-551.
------- infection reported after following inoculation studies.
Melampsora medusae f. sp. deltoidis (as Abies) (MELMMD) Experimental
* Pinon J (1986) Situation de Melampsora medusae en Europe. Bulletin OEPP/EPPO Bulletin 16, 547-551.
------- infection reported after following inoculation studies.
Acleris gloverana (ACLRGL) Host
* Powell JA (1962) Taxonomic studies on the Acleris gloverana - variana complex, the black-headed budworms (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Canadian Entomologist 94, 833-840.
Acleris variana (as Abies) (ACLRVA) Host
Allantophomopsiella pseudotsugae (as Abies) (POTECO) Host
Arceuthobium abietinum (as Abies) (AREAB) Host
Arceuthobium douglasii (as Abies) (AREDO) Host
Arceuthobium laricis (as Abies) (ARELA) Host
Bursaphelenchus xylophilus (as Abies) (BURSXY) Host
Chionaspis pinifoliae (PHECPI) Host
* INTERNET
ScaleNet. Chionaspis pinifoliae. http://scalenet.info/catalogue/Chionaspis%20pinifoliae/

* Coleman GA (1903) Coccidae of the Coniferae, with the descriptions of ten new species from California. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 11(2), 61–85.
Chionaspis pinifoliae (as Abies) (PHECPI) Host
* INTERNET
ScaleNet. Chionaspis pinifoliae. http://scalenet.info/catalogue/Chionaspis%20pinifoliae/
Choristoneura carnana (CHONCA) Host
* Brown JW, Robinson G, Powell JA (2008) Food plant database of the leafrollers of the world (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) (Version 1.0). http://www.tortricid.net/foodplants.asp. 
------- citing Powell JA (2006) Database of Lepidoptera rearing lots, 1960-2005. University of California Berkeley (US).

* Powell JA (1995) Biosystematic Studies of Conifer-feeding Choristoneura (Lepidoptera:Tortricidae) in the Western United States. University of California Publications in Entomology 115. University of California Press, US. 284 pp.

Choristoneura fumiferana (as Abies) (CHONFU) Host
* Furniss RL, Carolin VM (1977) Western Forest Insects. USDA , Forest Service Miscellaneous Publication no. 1339, 654 pp.
Choristoneura occidentalis occidentalis (ARCHOC) Host
* Furniss RL, Carolin VM (1977) Western Forest Insects. USDA , Forest Service Miscellaneous Publication no. 1339, 654 pp.
Chrysomyxa abietis (as Abies) (CHMYAB) Host
Coniferiporia sulphurascens (PHELSU) Host
* Leal I, Bergeron MJ, Feau N, Tsui CKM, Foord B, Pellow K, Hamelin RC & Sturrock RN (2019) Cryptic speciation in western North America and Eastern Eurasia of the pathogens responsible for laminated root rot. Phytopathology 109(3), 456–468. https://doi:10.1094/PHYTO-12-17-0399-R
Crisicoccus pini (as Abies) (DACLPI) Host
* Ben-Dov Y (1994) A systematic catalogue of the mealybugs of the world (Insecta: Homoptera: Coccoidea: Pseudococcidae and Putoidae) with data on geographical distribution, host plants, biology and economic importance. Intercept Limited Andover, 686 pp.

* Wang TC (1981) [Homoptera: Coccoidea.]. Insects of Xizang [=Tibet] 1, 283-294.
Dendroctonus valens (DENCVA) Host
* Atkinson TH (2018) Bark and ambrosia beetles (US and Canada). Available at: http://www.barkbeetles.info/regional_chklist_target_species.php?lookUp=491 (accessed 29 June 2018)
------- Occasional host record. No information could be found on whether non-Pinus allow complete development from egg to adult.
Dendrolimus spectabilis (as Abies) (DENDSC) Host
Dothistroma septosporum (SCIRPI) Host
* Drenkhan R et al. (2016) Global geographic distribution and host range of Dothistroma species: a comprehensive review. Forest Pathology 46, 408-442.
------- Slightly susceptible.
Dryocoetes confusus (DRYOCN) Host
Dryocoetes confusus (as Abies) (DRYOCN) Host
Gnathotrichus sulcatus (GNAHSU) Host
Gnathotrichus sulcatus (as Pinaceae) (GNAHSU) Host
Gremmeniella abietina (as Abies) (GREMAB) Host
Heterobasidion irregulare (as Abies) (HETEIR) Host
Ips amitinus (as Abies) (IPSXAM) Host
Ips subelongatus (as Abies) (IPSXFA) Host
Leptoglossus occidentalis (as Abies) (LEPLOC) Host
Monochamus impluviatus (as Abies) (MONCIM) Host
* Pavlovskii EN, Shtakelberg AA (Eds.) (1955) Forest pests. Guide. V 2, p. 422–1097. Publishing House of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Moscow-Leningrad (URSS) (in Russian). 

* Plavilshchikov NN (1958) Monochamus impluviatus Motsch. Siberian speckled sawyer. In Fauna of the USSR. Coleoptera. V. XXIII. Part I. Longhorn Beetles. Part 3. Sub-family Lamiinae. Part I., pp. 526–528. Nauka Publishing House, Leningrad (URSS) (in Russian).  
Monochamus marmorator (as Abies) (MONCMR) Host
* Akbulut S, Stamps WT (2012) Insect vectors of the pinewood nematode: a review of the biology and ecology of Monochamus species. Forest Pathology 42(2), 89-99. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0329.2011.00733.x
Monochamus nitens (as Abies) (MONCNI) Host
* Akbulut S, Togashi K & Linit MJ (2017) Cerambycids as plant disease vectors with special reference to pine wilt. In Cerambycidae of the world, pp. 209-252. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida.

* Bates HW (1884) Longicorn beetles of Japan. Additions, chiefly from the later collections of Mr. George Lewis; and notes on the synonymy, distribution, and habits on the previously known species. The Journal of the Linnean Society of London. Zoology 18,205-262.
------- On Abies newly felled.
Monochamus obtusus (MONCOB) Host
* Linsley EG, Chemsak JA (1984) The Cerambycidae of North America, Part VII, No. 1: taxonomy and classification of the subfamily Lamiinae, tribes Parmenini through Acanthoderini. University of California Publications in Entomology 102, 258 pp.

* Monné MA, Nearns EH (2021) Catalogue of the Cerambycidae (Coleoptera) of Canada and United States of America. Part IV. Subfamily Lamiinae. https://cerambycids.com/catalog/Monne&Nearns_2021_NearcticCat_part_IV.pdf
------- Monochamus obtusus obtusus.
Monochamus obtusus (as Abies) (MONCOB) Host
* Akbulut S, Stamps WT (2012) Insect vectors of the pinewood nematode: a review of the biology and ecology of Monochamus species. Forest Pathology 42(2), 89-99. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0329.2011.00733.x

* Keen FP (1952) Insect Enemies of Western Forests. Miscellaneous Publication no. 273. USDA, 209 pp.
Monochamus saltuarius (as Abies) (MONCSL) Host
* Lim J, Jung S-Y, Lim J-S, Jang J, Kim K-M, Lee Y-M, Lee B-W (2014) A review of host plants of Cerambycidae (Coleoptera: Chrysomeloidea) with new host records for fourteen Cerambycids, including the Asian longhorn beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis Motschulsky), in Korea. Korean Journal of Applied Entomology 53(2), 111-133.
Monochamus scutellatus (as Abies) (MONCST) Host
* Akbulut S, Stamps WT (2012) Insect vectors of the pinewood nematode: a review of the biology and ecology of Monochamus species. Forest Pathology 42(2), 89-99. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0329.2011.00733.x

* Lindquist EE, Wu KW (1991) Review of mites of the genus Mucroseius (Acari, Mesostigmata, Ascidae) associated with sawyer beetles (Cerambycidae, Monochamus and Mecynippus) and pine wood nematodes Aphelenchoididae, Bursaphelenchus xylophilus (Steiner And Buhrer) Nickle, with descriptions of 6 new species from Japan and North-America, and notes on their previous misidentification. Canadian Entomologist 123(4), 875-927.
Monochamus sutor (as Abies) (MONCSU) Host
Monochamus titillator (as Abies) (MONCTI) Host
* Akbulut S, Stamps WT (2012) Insect vectors of the pinewood nematode: a review of the biology and ecology of Monochamus species. Forest Pathology 42(2), 89-99. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0329.2011.00733.x

* Duffy EAJ (1960) A monograph of the immature stages of neotropical timber beetles. London: British Museum (Natural History), 327 pp.
Monochamus urussovii (as Abies) (MONCUR) Host
* Lim J, Jung S-Y, Lim J-S, Jang J, Kim K-M, Lee Y-M, Lee B-W (2014) A review of host plants of Cerambycidae (Coleoptera: Chrysomeloidea) with new host records for fourteen Cerambycids, including the Asian longhorn beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis Motschulsky), in Korea. Korean Journal of Applied Entomology 53(2), 111-133.
Neodiprion abietis (NEODAB) Host
* Sánchez-Martínez G, González-Gaona E, López-Martínez V, Espinosa-Zaragoza S, López-Baez O, Sanzón-Gómez D, Pérez-De la O NB (2022) Climatic suitability and distribution overlap of sawflies (Hymenoptera: Diprionidae) and threatened populations of Pinaceae. Forests 13, 1067. https://doi.org/10.3390/f1307106
------- Recorded as a host in Mexico.
Orgyia leucostigma (HEMELE) Host
* Robinson GS, Ackery PR, Kitching IJ, Beccaloni GW & Hernández LM (2010) HOST - A database of the world's Lepidopteran hostplants. Natural History Museum, London. https://www.nhm.ac.uk (Accessed on 7 December 2020 and 21 March 2021)
Orgyia leucostigma (as Abies) (HEMELE) Host
* Heppner JB (2003) Lepidoptera of Florida. Part 1. Introduction and catalog. Volume 17 of Arthropods of Florida and neighboring land areas. Division of Plant Industry. Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. Gainesville, Florida. 670 pp

* Robinson GS, Ackery PR, Kitching IJ, Beccaloni GW & Hernández LM (2010) HOST - A database of the world's Lepidopteran hostplants. Natural History Museum, London. https://www.nhm.ac.uk (Accessed on 7 December 2020 and 21 March 2021)
Phytophthora cinnamomi (as Pinaceae) (PHYTCN) Host
Phytophthora ramorum (PHYTRA) Host
* Trippe A, Berghauer E & Osterbauer N (2008) A high troughput system for the detection of Phytophthora ramorum in susceptible plant species: a preliminary report. In: Frankel SJ, Kliejunas JT & Palmieri KM (2008) Proceedings of the Sudden Oak Death Third Symposium, General Technical Report PSW-GTR-214. US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station 214, 427-434.
Polygraphus proximus (POLGPR) Host
* Seraya LG, Pashenova NV, Mukhina LN, Dymovich AV, Alexandrova MS, Baranchikov YN (2014) The damage of Abies Mill. species at the Main botanical garden RASc by four eyed fir bark beetle Polygraphus proximus Bland. and associated fungi.Lesniye biogeotsenozy borealnoy zony : geographiya, struktura, funksii, dinamica [Forest biogeocoenosises of the Boreal zone: geography, structure, functions, dynamics]. Novosibirsk: SB RASc Publ.House, 2014. Pp. 652-655
------- observed in the collection of fir species at the Main botanical garden of the Russian Academy of Siences in Moscow 
Polygraphus proximus (as Abies) (POLGPR) Host
Sirex ermak (as Abies) (SIRXER) Host
Sirex noctilio (as Abies) (SIRXNO) Host
Tetropium gracilicorne (as Abies) (TETOGR) Host
Trichoferus campestris (as Abies) (HESOCA) Host
* Iwata R, Yamada F (1990) Notes on the biology of Hesperophanes campestris, a drywood borer in Japan. Material und Organismen 25, 305–313.
Arceuthobium abietinum (AREAB) Major host
* Mathiasen RL, Kenaley SC (2019) A morphological comparison of Arceuthobium abietinum and A. campylopodum (Viscaceae) and nomenclatural changes for A. abietinum. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 13, 83–101.
------ Arceuthobium abietinum subsp. abietinum.
Choristoneura retiniana (CHONRE) Major host
* Dupuis JR, Brunet BM, Bird HM, Lumley LM, Fagua G, Boyle B, Levesque R, Cusson M, Powell JA, Sperling FA (2017) Genome-wide SNPs resolve phylogenetic relationships in the North American spruce budworm (Choristoneura fumiferana) species complex. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 111, 158-168.

* Laacke RJ (1990) Abies concolor (Gord. & Glend.) Lindl. ex Hildebr. White Fir. In Silvics of North America. Vol. 1. Conifers. Burns RM and Honkala BH (eds). USDA, Forest Service, Agriculture Handbook no. 654, pp. 36-46.

* Volney WJA, Liebhold AM, Waters WE (1984) Host associations, phenotypic variation, and mating compatibility of Choristoneura occidentalis and C. retiniana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) populations in south-central Oregon. The Canadian Entomologist 116(6), 813-826.
Cinara curvipes (TODOCU) Major host
Leptoglossus occidentalis (LEPLOC) Major host
Neonectria neomacrospora (NECTMA) Major host
* Heydeck P, Merkel R, Lange U, Hielscher K, Dahms C, Moritz G, Pfannenstill T (2020) [First records of Neonectria neomacrospora (C. Booth & Samuels) Mantiri & Samuels on Abies concolor (Gordon) Lindl. ex Hildebr. in the northeast German lowlands]. Journal für Kulturpflanzen 72(6), 221-235 (in German).

* Nielsen UB, Xu J, Nielsen KN, Talgø V, Hansen OK, Thomsen IM (2017) Species variation in susceptibility to the fungus Neonectria neomacrospora in the genus Abies. Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, 32(5), 421–431. doi:10.1080/02827581.2017.1287300
------- Confirmed host
Orgyia pseudotsugata (ORGYPS) Major host