Survey for Monilinia fructicola in United Kingdom in 2003
In 2002, a survey was conducted in United Kingdom for Monilinia fructicola (EPPO A1 list) and the pathogen was not found (see EPPO RS 2003/130). In 2003, the survey continued, albeit on a smaller scale. 21 samples of stone and pome fruit (produced in United Kingdom or imported) were tested for M. fructicola. Visual examination was performed to select any samples with possible symptoms of M. fructicola for immediate testing. Final identification was based on species-specific primers designed by CSL and on methods described in the EPPO diagnostic protocol (PM7-18). M. fructicola was not detected on any material from United Kingdom (11 samples) or on the 5 tested samples from EU countries (Belgium, Netherlands, Spain). On some of these European samples, the indigenous species M. fructigena and M. laxa were detected. M. fructicola was intercepted on 4 occasions on plums from South Africa, Argentina and China, and phytosanitary action was taken on each occasion.
The situation of M. fructicola in United Kingdom can be described as follows: Absent, confirmed by surveys.
NPPO of United Kingdom, 2004-03.