EPPO Global Database

Xylosandrus crassiusculus(XYLBCR)

Distribution details in Italy

Situation
Current pest situation evaluated by EPPO on the basis of information dated 2020: Present, restricted distribution
From CABI Pest map 731 (2009): Present, no details
Comments
EPPO Reporting Service (2009/054) : it was first trapped in Toscana (near Pisa) in a mixed forest dominated by Pinus pinaster and Quercus cerris (Pennacchio et al., 2003). It is not known whether the pest has been able to establish in Toscana and which tree species were attacked. In 2007 and 2008, damage caused by X. crassiusculus was observed on Ceratonia siliqua (carob tree) in private and public gardens in Alassio (Liguria) (pers. com Dr Minuto, 2008).

EPPO Reporting Service (2010/031) : in Liguria, after the initial discovery in 2003 few more infested carob trees were found but successfully controlled; in Toscana many captures have been made since 2007 but no damage reported so far; in Veneto few captures were made in 2009 at the Marghera harbour. Eradication in Italy is not considered feasible.

EPPO Reporting Service (2013/013) : found again in Liguria in Alassio municipality and it surroundings (20 km away from the initial finding site).

EPPO Reporting Service (2020/003) : first recorded in Cuneo Province (Piemonte) in April 2018 in recently planted Japanese hybrids of chestnut trees.

According to Contarini et al. (2020): found in Circeo National Park (Lazzio region).
References
* Contarini M, Vannini A, Giarruzzo F, Faccoli M, Moralez‐Rodriguez C, Rossini L, Speranza S (2020) First record of Xylosandrus germanus (Blandford) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae, Scolytinae) in the Mediterranean scrubland in Southern Italy, and its co‐presence with the co‐generic species X. compactus (Eichhoff) and X. crassiusculus (Motschulsky). EPPO Bulletin 50(2), 311-315. https://doi.org/10.1111/epp.12660

* Dutto M, Ferracini C, Faccoli M (2018) Prima segnalazione di Xylosandrus crassiusculus (Motschulsky, 1866) (Coleoptera Curculionidae Scolytinae) in Piemonte. Bollettino Della Società Entomologica Italiana 150(3), 123-125. https://doi.org/10.4081/BollettinoSEI.2018.123

* INTERNET (last accessed 2009-03)
Regione Liguria (IT) Novita’ Fitosanitarie. FlorNews. Riviera Ligure no. 14 dated 2008-01-11. http://operatori.proflora.it/FlorNews-n14-2007.pdf
Avvertenze Colturali e Fitosanitarie. FlorNews. Riviera Ligure no. 17 dated 2008-02-22. http://operatori.proflora.it/FlorNews-n17-2008.pdf

* Pennacchio F, Roversi PF, Francardi V, Gatti E (2003) Xylosandrus crassiusculus (Motschulsky) a bark beetle new to Europe (Coleoptera Scolytidae) Redia 86, 77-80.

* Personal communication with Dr Andea Minuto, CERSAA, Albenga (IT), 2008-10& 2012-12.

* Personal communication with Franco Finelli, Regional Plant Protection Organization of Emilia-Romagna (IT), 2010-02.
Situation in neighbouring countries
Country State Status
France Present, restricted distribution view...
Slovenia Present, restricted distribution view...