EPPO Global Database

Xylophilus ampelinus(XANTAM)

Distribution details in South Africa

Current pest situation evaluated by EPPO on the basis of information dated 2001: Present, restricted distribution
First recorded in: 1939
From CABI Disease map 531 (1999): Present, restricted distribution
From NPPO: Present, restricted distribution
First described as Erwinia vitivora in 1939 in the Western Cape; has since spread to most important wine-producing areas.
* Botha WJ, Serfontein S, Greyling MM, Berger DK (2001) Detection of Xylophilus ampelinus in grapevine cuttings using a nested polymerase chain reaction. Plant Pathology 50(4), 515-526.

* Erasmus HD, Matthee FN, Louw HA (1974) A comparison between plant pathogenic species of Pseudomonas, Xanthomonas and Erwinia with special reference to the bacterium responsible for bacterial blight of vines. Phytophylactica 6(1), 11-18.

* NPPO of South Africa (1992).