EPPO Global Database

Ralstonia solanacearum race 2(PSDMS2)

Distribution details in Malaysia

Situation
Current pest situation evaluated by EPPO on the basis of information dated 2016: Present, restricted distribution
From CABI Disease map 784 (1999): Present, restricted distribution
Comments
According to Zulperi & Sijam (2014): detected during a study (March 2011 to June 2012) on banana plants (Musa x paradisiaca cv. 'Horn') showing symptoms of Moko disease and collected from 12 different locations within 5 outbreak sites (Kedah, Selangor, Pahang, Negeri Sembilan, and Johor) in Peninsular Malaysia. In severely affected plantations, disease incidence exeeded 90%. The authors considered that this is the first record of Moko disease in Malaysia (which then questioned the validity of the previous records from CPPC or Williams).
References
* ProMed posting (no. 20150331.3269023) of 2015-03-31. Moko disease: banana - Malaysia: (Penang). http://www.promedmail.org
------- Moko disease affected more than 150 ha of banana plantations in Penang.

* From CPPC (dated 1990)
------- Present, no details.

* Williams, T. H.; Liu, P. S. W. (1976) A host list of plant diseases in Sabah, Malaysia. Phytopathological Papers No. 19. CAB International, Wallingford, UK.
------- Sabah.

* Zulperi D, Sijam K (2014) First report of Ralstonia solanacearum race 2 biovar 1 causing Moko disease of banana in Malaysia. Plant Disease 98(2), p 275.
------- First report in Peninsular Malaysia (=West Malaysia)

* Zulperi D, Sijam K, Ahmad ZAM, Awang Y, Ismail SI, Asib N, Hata EM (2016) Genetic diversity of Ralstonia solanacearum phylotype II sequevar 4 strains associated with Moko disease of banana (Musa spp.) in Peninsular Malaysia. European Journal of Plant Pathology 144(2), 257-270.
------- Phylotype II 4.
Situation in neighbouring countries
Country State Status
Indonesia Present, no details view...
Thailand Present, no details view...