EPPO Global Database

Phytophthora austrocedri(PHYTAU)

Distribution details in Argentina

Situation
Current pest situation evaluated by EPPO on the basis of information dated 2014: Present, no details
Comments
EPPO Reporting Service (2009/007) : Phytophthora austrocedrae is a newly described species which is considered as the main cause of tree mortality on Austrocedrus chilensis in Argentina. The disease (mal del cipres) has been observed on Austrocedrus chilensis in cities and forests.
References
* Filip GM, Rosso PH (1999) Cypress mortality (mal del cipres) in the Patagonian Andes: comparisons with similar forest diseases and declines in North America. European Journal of Forest Pathology 29(2), 89-96.

* Greslebin AG, Hansen EM (2010) Pathogenicity of Phytophthora austrocedrae on Austrocedrus chilensis and its relation with mal del ciprés in Patagonia. Plant Pathology 59(4), 604-612.

* Greslebin AG, Hansen EM, Sutton W (2007) Phytophthora austrocedrae sp. nov., a new species associated with Austrocedrus chilensis mortality in Patagonia (Argentina). Mycological Research 111(3), 308-316.

* Vélez ML, Silva PV, Troncoso OA, Greslebin AG (2012) Alteration of physiological parameters of Austrocedrus chilensis by the pathogen Phytophthora austrocedrae. Plant Pathology 61(5), 877-888.

* Vélez ML, Coetzee MPA, Wingfield MJ, Rajchenberg M, Greslebin AG (2014) Evidence of low levels of genetic diversity for the Phytophthora austrocedrae population in Patagonia, Argentina. Plant Pathology 63(1), 212-220.
------- Agressiveness, disease progression pattern and low genetic diversity strongly suggest that P. autrocedrae has been introduced into Argentina.